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DING HONG ENG

BIODATA
Master of Education (Maths) University of Malaya

 I have been teaching Mathematics and Additional

Mathematics in secondary school since 1988. Currently I
am teaching in SM Sains Seri Puteri, Kuala Lumpur.

Innovative Teacher Award
- National level in year 2000,
- State level in years 2000, 2001 and 2003.
Creative Teacher Award
- State level in year 2003.
Award from Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation year 2002
Toray Science Education Award in year 2006.

 Currently, I am doing PhD degree (part time) in University of Malaya. 2

INTRODUCTION
INTEGRATION
MULTIMEDIA COUSEWARE
FEEDBACK FROM
TEACHERS AND STUDENTS
CONCLUSIO 3
INTRODUCTIO
N
Integration is one of the Form 5 topics in

In this topic, the concepts of Integration, and its

application to find the area and volume are
introduced.

Students usually find the concepts in this topic abstract

especially determining areas under the curves and
volumes of revolution.

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INTRODUCTIO
Nof Education, Malaysia has developed a
The Ministry
teaching courseware to facilitate the teaching and

This section presents how an interactive multimedia

environment can be created using the courseware to
enhance the conceptual understanding of Integration
and its applications.

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SYLLABUS OF INTEGRATION
• Integration by Reversing Differentiation
• Integrals of axn
• Integrals of Algebraic Expressions
• Constants of Integration
• Equations of Curves from Gradient
Functions
• Integrate of Expressions of the form
(ax+b)n
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SYLLABUS OF
INTEGRATIONS
• Definite integrals
• Areas Under the Curves Bounded by the
x-axis.
• Areas Under the Curves Bounded by the
y-axis.
• Areas Under the Curves Bounded by a
straight line.
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SYLLABUS OF
INTEGRATIONS
• Volumes of Revolutions When a Curve is
• Volumes of Revolutions When a Curve is

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DIFFICULTIES FACED BY STUDENTS IN
LEARNING THIS TOPIC

• To understand the abstract concepts of Integration.

• To visualize the area under the curve as the summation of
areas of rectangular strips.
• To visualize the volume of revolution as the summation of
volumes of cylindrical discs.

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MULTIMEDIA COUSEWARE
• The teaching courseware is based on the
Additional Mathematics Curriculum and it is
designed and structured upon the
requirements of the National Integrated
Curriculum for Secondary Schools

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MULTIMEDIA COUSEWARE
• The teaching courseware is developed by
the Ministry of Education Malaysia
(Curriculum Development Centre) to assist
teachers in delivering the teaching content
in classroom using English Language.

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• The lessons are structured in six main
components in the following order:
 Introduction
 Content
 Activity
 Exercise
 Summary
 Extension

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States the learning Good set induction:
outcomes relates the lesson
of a particular lesson to daily life
and sets the stage for examples, history of
the respective lesson. Mathematics.

To arouse the students’

interest and capture their
attentions.
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Vivid
Present the established
three-dimensional
concepts contained in
simulation examples
the lesson.
are displayed.

To enhance the
PHOTOS
conceptual understanding
of Integration.
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Determine the Volume of Revolution

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Contains Interactive Provides features to
activities check the student’s
for making and testing answer step by step.
conjectures.

Discusses and
evaluates student’s
understanding and
identifies student’s errors
and misconceptions.
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Interactive Activity : Find the volume of revolution

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Enhances understanding
Consists of of concepts and
assessment items. mastering of problem
solving skills

Provides opportunities
to practice and develop
newly learned skills.
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Recalls the concepts
Summarises the and skills learned in the
entire lesson. lesson.

Highlights key points

and ideas
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Area under the curve bounded by the x-axis.

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Contains Provides activities
that related to the lessons. or homework.

Encourage further
exploration and
discovery.
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PRINCIPLES

Problem Solving
Mathematical
Communication
Reasoning
Making Connection
Use of Technology

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PRINCIPLES

FUN
MEANINGFUL
CHALLENGING
USEFUL

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APPROACHES

Constructivism
Contextual
Exploratory
Cooperative learning
Multiple Intelligent
Mastery Learning
Self-Access Learning
Leaning How to Learn
Future Learning
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APPROACHES

Directing
Demonstrating
Explaining and
Illustrating
Questioning
Consolidating
Evaluating
Summarising

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ABSTRACT

Listen to verbal
Describes explanation
Concepts
Verbally

ACTIVE PASSIVE
Observes
Manipulates
demos with
concrete concrete
models models.

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CONCRETE
USING THE COURSEWARE

CD ASSISTED CD INTEGRATED
APPROACH APPROACH

1. Main teaching tool in the 1. Teacher designs his/her

classroom. own lessons, using a
variety of resources.
2. Introduce and present the
subject matter, pauses the 2. Teacher incorporates the
CD at the appropriate courseware materials, as
points to check the well as other resources
students’ understanding. into the lesson at suitable
stages. 30
COURSEWARE PEDAGOGY
Pre-conceived Idea

Compare with New Idea

Assimilation Accommodation

New
Concept
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Problematic
Situation

Make and Test

Conjecture
No
Satisfy all
conditions?

New Knowledge

Reflection
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• The Teaching Courseware includes other
functions which help to enhance the
teaching of the subject in the classroom.
MY LESSONS

If the lessons in the CD do not

cater to the specific needs of
students, teachers can create their
own lesson by combining different
sections of the lessons in the CD. 33
BOOKMARK

When the user wants to stop at a

certain page, with the intention of
continuing later from that page, they
just need to take a bookmark and
mark that page.

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TEACHER’S RESOURCES

The Teacher’s Resources contains

Teaching Plans and Activity Sheets of
each lessons.
All Teacher’s Resources can be
printed.

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The survey (questionnaire)
on teachers was The interview was
done on 28 carried out with 3
teachers. performance in Add Maths :
Experience of Good, Average and Weak.
teaching : 1 – 28 years

The result cannot be generalised

to all the populations.
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FEEDBACK FROM TEACHERS
1. How often do you use the teaching courseware?
FEEDBACK PERCENTAGE
Everyday : 0%
Every week : 17.86%
Once a while : 71.43%
(Certain topics)
Never : 10.71%
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FEEDBACK FROM TEACHERS
2. The benefits of using courseware :
Interesting and clear

Make learning process

enjoyable
To relate the concept to daily
life
Interactive exercise

Use for Summary or Revision 39

FEEDBACK FROM TEACHERS
2. The benefits of using courseware :
For weak students, the visual can draw
their attention. e.g. Integration
Get the attention of students and
enhance understanding.
Deliver the concept in a shorter time (save
time).
The syllabus can be finished earlier so
students can do more drilling exercise. 40
FEEDBACK FROM TEACHERS
2. The benefits of using courseware :
It is systematic.
I prepare my own PowerPoint by
referring to the content of the CD.
Courseware provides good introduction.

Explaining and introducing the

concepts of certain topics better. 41
FEEDBACK FROM TEACHERS
2. The benefits of using courseware :
Courseware provides animation to
teach certain concepts.
becomes interactive.
Provide more examples for explaining the
concepts and skills.
To diversify the teaching and learning
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activities.
FEEDBACK FROM TEACHERS
3. The reasons why courseware is not
used
Take :time to set up the laptop and the LCD,
needs around 15 minutes. It is time
consuming.
Some of the courseware are not related to
what I want to teach.
For very weak students, they need more
explanation, not suitable to use courseware.
Lack of skills to incorporate CD into the
PowerPoint.
Teachers make their own PowerPoints and 43
teaching resources.
FEEDBACK FROM STUDENTS

Do you like the courseware?

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FEEDBACK FROM STUDENTS

1. The explanation and

problem solving.

2. The examples.
What are the
features in the 3. The graphics with
courseware animations. It creates fun in
you like most ? learning.

4. Easy to understand, I can

remember what I have learnt.
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FEEDBACK FROM STUDENTS

1. All the maths teachers use

the courseware to teach to
make us understand better.
What are your
suggestions
about the use 2. Put in more graphics and
of teaching give more examples. Add in
more music and sound.
courseware?

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CONCLUSIO
N1. The effective use of the teaching courseware has
transformed abstract and difficult lessons on
Integration to stimulating sessions where students can
visualize the concepts and enhance their problem
solving skills.

2. Thanks Ministry Of Education for the effort of providing

this multimedia courseware which enhances the teaching