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REPIRATORY

SYSTEM
PRESENTED BY GROUP 3:
LACAP, LOPEZ, MEDINA, MARCELO
ACTIVITY 33: RESPIRATION
@marcelo @marcelo @marcelo @marcelo

Axillary level
PHASE CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE (IN CM)
End of normal inspiration 87 cm
End of normal expiration 86.3 cm
End of forceful inspiration 89.1 cm
End of forceful inspiration 84 cm
ACTIVITY 33: RESPIRATORY
@marcelo @marcelo @marcelo
@marcelo

Xiphoid level
PHASE CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE (IN CM)
End of normal inspiration 76.8 cm
End of normal expiration 79.3 cm
End of forceful inspiration 82 cm
End of forceful inspiration 78.2 cm
ACTIVITY 33: RESPIRATION

Observation:

forcefu
normal
l
Inspiration – the
Inspiration – slowly bigger the
sternocleidomastoid including
diameter of the chest
scalene muscle, contract and lift
circumference
the thoracic wall

Expiration – slowly diminish the Expiration – the abdomen sudden


diameter of the chest circumference move out and in.
Inspiration muscle
ACTIVITY 33: RESPIRATION Inspiration muscle
normal
normal

Diaphragm muscle
Diaphragm muscle External intercostal
External intercostal
--contract
contract muscle - contract
muscle - contract

forceful
forceful

External
Diaphragm External Sternocleidoma
Diaphragm intercostal Sternocleidoma Scalene muscle -
muscle - intercostal stoid muscle - Scalene muscle -
muscle - muscle - stoid muscle - contract
contract muscle - contract contract
contract contract contract
contract
ACTIVITY 33: RESPIRATION Expiration muscle
Expiration muscle

normal
normal

Diaphragmmuscle
Diaphragm muscle- - Internalintercostal
Internal intercostal
relax
relax muscle––relax
muscle relax

forceful
forceful
Abdominal muscle ,
Abdominal muscle ,
including the obliques,
Internal intercostal including the obliques,
Diaphragm muscle - relax Internal intercostal transverse abdominis,
Diaphragm muscle - relax muscle – relax transverse abdominis,
muscle – relax rectus abdominis -
rectus abdominis -
contract
contract
ACTIVITY 33: RESPIRATION

TRACHYPNEA DYSPNEA APNEA

Abnormally Difficulty in Transient


rapid breathing cessation of
breathing breathing
ACTIVITY 33: RESPIRATION
• What happen to a person who sustain injury to the phrenic
nerve?

The person may experience


difficulty in breathing, as well as a shortness
of breath when lying flat.