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Internet of Things (Lecture 15)

Omar Bin Samin


Lecturer
Institute of Management Sciences, Peshawar.
Accelerometer and Magnetometer
Enabled Entity Following Suitcase

Authors: Omar Bin Samin, Hamza Sohail, Maryam Omar and Hamza Hummam
Overview
• Physically challenged, elderly people and
children who travel alone requires assistance in
handling their luggage

• This research proposes cost efficient and


operational cost friendly individual following
automated suitcase to facilitate such users
• The proposed system is divided into 2 modules:
1. Suitcase Module
2. Smart Phone Application (Android)

• The suitcase module consists of Arduino


microcontroller board, dc motors, Bluetooth
module and ultrasonic sensor for mobility and
collision detection
• Android application utilizes phone’s
accelerometer and magnetometer sensors for
movement speed and direction calculations

• Accelerometer
▫ It is an electromagnetic device used to measure
the acceleration

• Magnetometer
▫ It is a digital compass used to sense movement
direction (angle)
Block Diagram
Comparison with Existing Systems
Indoor Outdoor Dedicated
Product Cost
Support Support Module
Human Assistance Robot
Yes No Not Required Low
using Arduino [1]
Travel Mate [2] No Yes Required High
Gita [3] No Yes Required High
Olive [4] Yes Yes Required High
Human Following Robot
Yes Yes Required High
using Wearable device [5]
Proposed System Yes Yes Not Required Low

[1] N. K. Sharivas, L. Kumar, D. Agrawal, Y. Verma, and A. Sahu, “Human Assistance Robot by Using Arduino,” vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 363–366, 2017
[2] “Travelmate: a Fully Autonomous Suitcase and Robot — Indiegogo.” [Online]. Available: https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/travelmate-afully-
autonomous-suitcase-and-robot
[3] Gita, “The Gita is your rolling robot porter — Engadget.” [Online]. Available: https://www.engadget.com/2017/02/04/gita-personal-cargorobot-hands-on
[4] “Olive: world’s first ”intelligent” suitcase can recognize and follow its owner.” [Online]. Available: https://inhabitat.com/worldsfirst-intelligent-suitcase-can-
recognize-and-follow-its-owner
[5] S.-J. kang Jae-Geun Lee, Min-Su Kim, Tae-Min hwang, “A Mobile Robot Which Can Follow and Lead Human by Detecting user Location and Behaviour
with Wearable Device,” pp. 209–210, 2016
Operating Mechanism
Application Interface

Bluetooth Connectivity List of Paired Devices Application View


Test Scenarios
• To check the reliability of proposed system, it is
tested in different scenarios and conditions both
indoor and outdoor

• Indoor Scenario
▫ IMSciences, Peshawar Basement Parking Lot
▫ Hyper Mall, Peshawar

• Outdoor Scenario
▫ IMSciences, Peshawar Pedestrian Path
System Accuracy Measurement
Number of Succeeded Attempts
Scenario Environment Accuracy
Left Right Stop Forward
IMSciences
10 10 8 9 92.5%
Indoor Parking Lot
Hyper Mall 10 10 9 9 95%
Pedestrian Path
Outdoor 9 10 7 8 85%
IMSciences
Accuracy 96.6% 100% 80% 86.6% 90.8%
System Accuracy Measurement
Number of Succeeded Attempts
Scenario Environment Accuracy
Left Right Stop Forward
IMSciences
10 10 8 9 92.5%
Indoor Parking Lot
Hyper Mall 10 10 9 9 95%
Pedestrian Path
Outdoor 9 10 7 8 85%
IMSciences
Accuracy 96.6% 100% 80% 86.6% 90.8%
System Accuracy Measurement
Number of Succeeded Attempts
Scenario Environment Accuracy
Left Right Stop Forward
IMSciences
10 10 8 9 92.5%
Indoor Parking Lot
Hyper Mall 10 10 9 9 95%
Pedestrian Path
Outdoor 9 10 7 8 85%
IMSciences
Accuracy 96.6% 100% 80% 86.6% 90.8%
System Accuracy Measurement
Number of Succeeded Attempts
Scenario Environment Accuracy
Left Right Stop Forward
IMSciences
10 10 8 9 92.5%
Indoor Parking Lot
Hyper Mall 10 10 9 9 95%
Pedestrian Path
Outdoor 9 10 7 8 85%
IMSciences
Accuracy 96.6% 100% 80% 86.6% 90.8%
Conclusion & Future Work
• System achieved promising accuracy of 90.8%

• The system can also be implemented for


shopping mall trolley, stretchers in hospital and
school bags etc

• In future, the system developed in this research


will be further enhanced to operate effectively
and efficiently even in congested environments
Class Task
• State at least 2 flaws in the presented idea and
give solutions.

• Marks: 2
• Email the task at:
omar.samin@imsciences.edu.pk
• Email Subject: Suitcase (Student Name)