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 is generally defined as the sum of an individual’s way of life, ranging from
the food he or she eats, the clothes he or she wears, and the house where he or
she lives. It includes both material and non material things. Non materials things
are norms and values as well as intangible aspect of his or her existence: music,
dance, poetry, and other forms of expression that showcase his or her creativity
or artistry. Culture also includes fads and fashion trends, manners and taboos as
well as scientific knowledge and technology that manifest through tangible
 is generally defined as an organized group or groups of
interdependent people who share common territory, language, and
culture, and who act together for collective survival and well being
 refers to the “ theory, art, and practice of government”. The political institution
is relatively stable cluster of statuses, general norms, and behavior, which
involved in the acquisition and exercise of power and decision making in
society. The institution that sets up the social norms and values as to who will
possess “the monopoly of legitimate use of physical force within a given
territory,” how that power is acquired and maintained, and how that power is
organized and exercised, comprises the state.
The Philippine Government has
three branches:
1. Executive
2. Legislative
3. Judiciary
Executive Power
 President or Prime Minister and the members of cabinet are granted of this
 Is the right to execute governance and implemented Laws.

Legislative Power
 which includes senators and congressman, are given power to make and pass
laws for the executive power to implement.

 The member of Judiciary are tasked to interpret laws in accordance with a
society’s standard and norms.
 is the socially-contructed characteristics of being a male or female. In short, it
refers to society's division of humanity into two distinctive categories based
on sex. Gender served as guide on how males and females think and act about
themselves, the way they interact with others, and the performance of their
roles in the society.
Socioeconomic Status
 refers to the category of persons who have more or less same
socioeconomics privileges in a society. These privileges are due to
inherited wealth and/ or the occupational status of the breadwinner in the
 In our country we have Three Types of Social Classes:
1. Upper class
2. Middle Class
3. Lower Class
Upper class
 Consists of elite families. They are the most productive in terms of resource
generation and oftentimes very successful in their respective fields of interests
and endeavors
The Elite has two general types:
1. The new rich _ are those who have humble beginnings and often experienced
rags-to-rich turn of fortunes.
2. Traditional rich_ is made up of descendants of powerful elite families who
acquired their wealth through inheritance or birthright.
 Composed of small business and industry operators mostly owners and
managers, professionals, office workers, and farm owners with income
sufficient enough to provide a comfortable decent living.

 farm employees, skilled and unskilled artisans, service workers, and people who
may unemployed or underemployed or those who belong to indigent families.
 as the most potent cultural concept, ethnicity is the expression of the set of
cultural ideas held by a distinct ethnic or indigenous group. An ethnic group
refers to people who collectively and publicity identify themselves as
distinct and unique based on distinguishable cultural features that set them
apart from others, such as language, shared ancestry, common origin,
customs and traditions.
 Is an organized system of ideas about the spiritual sphere or the
supernatural, along with associated ceremonial or ritualistic practices by
which people try to interpret and/or influenced aspects of the universe
otherwise beyond human control.
 refers to state of being intellectually gifted and/ or having physically or
mentally challenged conditions concerning personality/ behavior,
communication disability.

 Is the legal relationship that binds a person and a country.