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WHAT THE PHILOSOPHER THINKS?

Education and discipline ² interrelated

Purpose of education - civilization

There are branches of education

Students should be given freedom, not strict laws


and discipline

However, less authority does not mean no


authority at all

Teachers should possess the friendly quality

And most importantly«.

TEACHERS SHOULD WORK FOR LESS


HOURS
UNBELIEVABLE? LET·S BELIEVE IT
So, the first
thing of
Russell·s
philosophy
is«
BRANCHES OF EDUCATION
TO ACHIEVE CIVILIZATION

Education

Individual Social

Intelligent Maintain
Respect for law
Intellectual Moral qualities adaptation in harmony in
and justice
society between people

General Kindliness / Ethical


Technical skills
knowledge friendliness theories
SO HOW DO WE APPLY IT IN MALAYSIAN
EDUCATION SYSTEM?

A student must at least be given education on


1. Individual aspect:
‡ History,
‡ Geography,
GENERAL
KNOWLEDGE ‡ Science

‡ Living Skills ( Kemahiran Hidup )


‡ Co-curricular activities (camping, cooking,
TECHNICAL
SKILLS surviving skills, etc, etc)

‡ Islamic studies
MORAL ‡ Moral studies
QUALITIES
2. SOCIAL ASPECT

‡ How to obey rules


Activities in a club
in & out of ‡ How to obey rules
classrooms in school compound

‡ To attain the spirit


of sportsmanship
sports ‡ Learn from
mistakes
THEN,
RUSSELL
ALSO SAYS
THAT«..
CHILDREN SHOULD BE GIVEN FREEDOM?

Yes!! Only if education is given«.

To instill in them the degree of benevolence, self-


control and trained intelligence

WHAT IS FREEDOM?

LESS authority in their learning community

Children tend to be submissive and rebellious if


rules are applied to them

If too much authority, they learn to be the


strongest in the hierarchy,

And eventually bully the weaker ones,

Not lending a helping hand to them


AGAIN, HOW DO WE APPLY IN MES???

Control corporal punishments

No public punishment to avoid shaming the


students and make them have low self confidence

Apply freedom to students but with SOME


authority

Must know how to respect the others around


them

Teachers should be friendly,

Let children have fun and at the same time,


watch their behaviors

When a student is wrong, don·t punish them


directly,

Instead, we should find out the cause, counsel


them, and make them do more academic writing.
THEN,
BERTRAND
RUSSELL
THINKS THAT..
A GOOD TEACHER SHOULD BE«
1. Friendly,
2. Have sanity (politeness,«)
3. Considerate

BUT
 All these.. Does not arise spontaneously,
 Has to be taught
 And only through exercise of authority
 In short, Russell encourages freedom but
freedom does not mean no authority at all
TEACHERS AND PARENTS«

Should help out one another

Parents, must give the necessary minimum of


moral training

Especially pre school years and after schools


sessions

Cannot expect children to learn it on the first day


of school
HOW TO APPLY IN TODAY·S EDUCATION
SYSTEM?

Only take in those teachers with good


disciplinary records

Have to learn about psychology, children


development, etc etc«

Set up PIBG in schools..

Contact parents at first seconds if there are


disciplinary cases«

Teachers should at least know his students·


background

If parents do not instill moral training, teachers


should«
RUSSELL ALSO THINKS
THAT TEACHERS
NORMALLY THINK THIS
WAY..
I treat them well, so they treat me
well too..
I am friendly to them, at least I will
get something in return«
Maybe they will pass their exam
with flying colours..
Maybe they will give me presents
on Teacher·s Day«..

And these.. Are very wrong!!!


A TEACHER SHOULD NEVER HAVE THE
THINKING OF GETTING SOMETHING IN RETURN..

A teacher should
? Treat students well, without any purpose«
? Love them willingly
? And make them love your teaching«
? When students ¶feel like· everything they learn is
worth the while, they will learn it fast«

? But«.

We shouldn·t overwork teachers«.

We should work continuously at the most for 2 hours..


And spend the rest of our days away from children«.
HOW TO APPLY?

Teachers should learn classroom management


skills«

Make class livelier«

And most importantly,

Teachers should have short working hours«

Long holidays«

So that they don·t feel stressful...

END OF SLIDE, THANK YOU FOR PAYING


ATTENTION!!!! =P