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PRESENTS

4 STROKE ENGINE SYSTEM


PREPARED BY

MOHD NIZAM BIN


OTHMAN
HISTORY
HISTORY

The Otto cycle engine was first patented by Eugenio


Barsanti and Felice Matteucci in 1854 followed by a first
prototype in 1860.

It was also conceptualized by French engineer, Alphonse


Beau de Rochas in 1862 and, independently, by the
German engineer Nicolaus Otto in 1876.
CONCEPT OF THE SYSTEM
CONCEPT

Its power cycle consists of four strokes, or reciprocating


movements of a piston in a cylinder:
i) intake (induction) stroke
ii) compression stroke
iii) power stroke
iv) exhaust stroke
COMPONENTS INVOLVED
IN SYSTEM
COMPONENTS INVOLVED IN THE
SYSTEM
PISTON
RING PISTON HEAD

CONNECTING
ROD
COMPONENTS

VALVE ROD
ROCKER ARM

CRANK SHAFT
COMPONENTS

Camshaft
THE CHRONOLOGY
INTAKE(INDUCTION) STROKE

The cycle begins at


top dead center
(TDC), when the
piston is furthest
away from the axis
of the crankshaft.

The piston moves


down and the petrol
air (gasoline-air)
mixture enters the
cylinder
FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2
COMPRESSION STROKE

The piston then moves


upwards and compresses
the air-fuel mixture
Power ratio of pressure
about 2 to 1 seems to be
the upper practical limit
and 1.5 to 1 the lower limit
in general practice
Normal pressure =1 atm
or 101 kPa

FIGURE 3
POWER STROKE
The sparking plug
(spark plug) then
fires (an electrical
discharge) and
the compressed
mixture explodes
(by contrast,
diesel engines
use the heat of
compression to
ignite the
mixture). This
explosion drives
the piston
downwards
FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5
EXHAUST STROKE

The piston then returns


to the top of the cylinder
in the exhaust stroke and
drives the exhaust gases
out of the engine

FIGURE 6
ANIMATION
ANIMATION SYSTEM
COMMON PROBLEM

Exhaust gas in white - incomplete combustion.


color.

Exhaust gas in very dark - Leaking of engine oil in


color. engine cylinder.
- Piston ring damage
CONCLUSION

Important system to run a vehicle.

Consists intake stroke, compression stroke ,power


stroke and exhaust stroke to complete the Otto cycle.

If cause any problem , it can determine by see the color


of exhaust gases.
THANK YOU