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Lesson 1

Introduction to
Systems of Linear
Equations
Objectives

At the end of this lesson, the learner should be able to

• correctly illustrate a system of linear equations in two


variables;

• correctly determine if a given ordered pair is a solution


to a system of linear equations in two variables; and
Learn about It!

 
System of Linear Equations
1 consist of at least two linear equations with one or two variables each; can be
written in the form where , , , , , and are real numbers, while and , and and
must not be both equal to zero

 
Example:
and are systems of linear equations with two variables.
Learn about It!

 
System of Linear Equations
1 consist of at least two linear equations with one or two variables each; can be
written in the form where , , , , , and are real numbers, while and , and and
must not be both equal to zero

 
Example:
and are systems of linear equations with either one or two
variables.
Learn about It!

2 Solution of System of Linear Equations


the ordered pair for which the values of and satisfy each of the equations in the
system of linear equations; it is the point of intersection of the two lines when
graphed in a Cartesian plane

 
Example:
The ordered pair , is a solution to the system
Try It!

Example 1: Show that is a solution to the system


 
Try It!

Example 1: Show that is a solution to the system


 

Solution:
 

First, identify and in the ordered pair.

In , we can say that and .


Try It!

Example 1: Show that is a solution to the system


 

Solution:
 

Next, substitute and to both equations.

Let us check if we can arrive at a true statement if is


substituted to each of the equation of the system.
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Example 1: Show that is a solution to the system


 

Solution:
 
Try It!

Example 1: Show that is a solution to the system


 

Solution:
 
Try It!

Example 1: Show that is a solution to the system


 

Solution:
 

Since satisfy both equations of the system, it follows that is


a solution of the system.
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Example 2: If is a solution to the system solve for the value


of and .
Try It!
 

Example 2: If is a solution to the system solve for the value


of and .

Solution:
 

First, identify and in the ordered pair.

In , we can say that and .


Try It!
 

Example 2: If is a solution to the system solve for the value


of and .

Solution:
 

Next, determine the value of in the equation.

Since is a solution of the system, it follows that when and


are substituted to the equations of the system, the resulting
equation is a true statement.
Try It!
 

Example 2: If is a solution to the system solve for the value


of and .

Solution:
 

Let us substitute and to .


Try It!
 

Example 2: If is a solution to the system solve for the value


of and .

Solution:
 

Next, determine the value of in the equation.


Let us substitute and to .
Try It!
 

Example 2: If is a solution to the system solve for the value


of and .

Solution:
 

Therefore, and .
Let’s Practice!

Individual Practice:
 

1. Is a solution to the system ?

2. For what value of and is a solution to the system ?


Key Points

 
System of Linear Equations
1 consist of at least two linear equations with one or two variables each; can be
written in the form where , , , , , and are real numbers, while and , and and
must not be both equal to zero

2 Solution of System of Linear Equations


the ordered pair for which the values of and satisfy each of the equations in the
system of linear equations; it is the point of intersection of the two lines when
graphed in a Cartesian plane