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Y  


Y
 Y    
     

   
       
            
         

 Y 
     
 
          
        
        
          
  
         
           
  
              
  Y   
Y
  Y          
         
  
            

! 

  
     
    " #        
$ % &        
          
%  &         
 
            
             
 
   #  
    
   
 
      ' 
   

        
   

!("        
    
Current Account
I.A. goods, services, and income:
1.Merchandise
2. Shipment and other transportation
3.Travel
4. Investment income
5. Other official
6. Other private

B. Unrequited transfers:
1. Private
2. Officials
 )
II.C. Capital excluding reserves
1. Direct investment
2. Portfolio investment
3.Other long-term, official
4. Other long- term, Private
5. Other short- term, official
6. Other short ² term, private
veserves
III. D. veserves
1. Monetary gold
2. Special Drawing vights
3. IMF reserve position
4. Foreign Exchange assets
Import proportion !*"





 

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º
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Export proportion (%)



 
 
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BoP in five year plans







  
j


j 

j

j 
 
      










In 10th five year plan








   
j



j

j

j
j j  j
Countries with which India
trade
 OPEC
 OECD
 Iran
(1)European union
 Indonesia
-France
 Saudi Arabia
-Belgium  UAE
-Germany r Eastern Europe
-UK  vussia
-Italy r Developing countries
(2) North America  China
-Canada  Hong-Kong
-USA  South Korea
(3) Other OECD  Malaysia
-Australia  Sigapore
 SAAvC
-Japan
 Africa
-Switzerland
 others
Direction of india·s exports

„„  „
„ „ 
„„„ „
 

 „ 
 
„ 
Direction of india·s imports

„„  „

„ „ 
„„„ „

 
 
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Causes and Types of
Disequilibrium in BoP
 ( + 
 Y
       
   -    +       .
    +         
  
  + 
  

  Y      
Y/  (
  Y    Y    (    
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Measures to Correct
Disequilibrium
            
        
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 +   
     
 
(           
          
 ã 
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Measures to Correct
Disequilibrium
 Ê  (        
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 EXCHANGE vATE POLICY
 0           
       
  
       
   
       
 
    
  

        

            
           
  
       
            

  

    
        
 
India·s Balance of Payment and
Trade Policy
  2334  
1     Y        
1
Y         2334  )           5
           2364  
7839  
23686:    7;<=   236663       7==9 
236334              
      
                 >  
                      
      V?     233432 
        743   @   2332  
    >(      =<;
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Trade Policy
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                23:4   2394 
      
        
   2364              
  4;  

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     ,      2332 


            ,    
   2334   
        , 
   <442 
 0B 


   
 

    
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2;2   233432