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Alberto Quiñonez, Ph.D.

Professor
Electronics and Advanced Technologies
Austin Community College


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The purpose of this module is to introduce the emerging
nanotechnology field to novices of nanotechnology.

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 anotechnology Terms and Definitions
 istory of anotechnology
 Current and Future Trends, Research and Applications

ë
á 


cs nanotechnology the gateway to the


future for human beings on Earth?

½  here does your imagination take you?

è
!  

³«its arsenal includes


½ x A nanocar made from a single molecule. nanotechnological
transjectors«It can
control other machines.´

½ ë Arnold Schwarzenegger¶s character mentions


nanotechnology in ³The Terminator 3´ movie.

§

   


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manobio
manodots
manowires
manoelectronics
manobots
manomaterials
manochondria

½ è Searching for nanotechnology.



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³manotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at
dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers, where unique
phenomena enable novel applications.´

-Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering and technology,


nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and
manipulating matter at this length scale.´

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½ § ational anotechnology cnitiative.


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½  Sematech nanoscholar interns of Texas.

‰
  
The concepts of nanotechnology are not new to nature or to
mankind. An early example of a manmade nanoprocess is stained
glass.

½  Stained glass windows. ½ [ Picture of gold nano particles.


     
Birth of anotechnology
 Professor Taniguchi of Tokyo Science
University used the word ³nanotechnology´
to describe the science and technology of
processing or building parts with nanometric
tolerances.
A nanometer is a unit of length in the metric
system, equal to one billionth of a meter. ½ ‰ Tokyo Science University.

½  Equivalent Units


     

Dr. Richard P. Feynman


 ³Why cannot we write the entire 24
volumes of the Encyclopedia
Britannica on the head of a pin?´

Dr. Richard Feynman, one of


America¶s most notable physicists,
1918-1988.

½  Richard Feynman.

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Dr. Feynman, Continued
 ³The problems of chemistry and V 
biology can be greatly helped if our  
ability to see what we are doing, and
to do things on an atomic level, is
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ultimately developed ± a Adventures of a Curious
development which I think cannot be Character
avoided.´
By Richard Feynman

½ x Collection of reminiscences by


obel Prize-winning physicist.


     
Atomic Scale
 A computer image of the nano
ice double helix.

 cn the nano ice image, oxygen


atoms are blue in the inner
helix, purple in the outer helix.
ydrogen atoms are white.

½ ë A nanotechnology self-assembly process.


 
Eric Drexler
 Coined the term ³Grey Goo´«the Engines of Creation
potential problem of self-replicating and
autonomous artificial intelligence
machines. The Coming Era
of manotechnology

By K. Eric Drexler
½ è Drexler¶s book.

½ § D A damage.


    
Eric Drexler, Continued
Cell Repair Machines
 ³By working along molecule by
molecule and structure by
M
structure, repair machines will be
able to repair whole cells. By
working along cell by cell and
tissue by tissue, they«will be
able to repair whole organs«they
will restore health.´ Î 

½  Stylized example of


targeted cell repair.


    
Metrology
 Measurement of equipment is the cornerstone of
nanotechnology.

½  Scanning probe microscope ½ [ Scanning tunneling microscope


systems from nanoscience instruments. image.


    
Buckyballs
 Three gentlemen²arold Kroto from the
University of Sussex, Robert Curl and
Richard Smalley from Rice University²were
awarded the obel Prize in Chemistry in
1996 for their discovery of a new composition
of carbon, Carbon 60.

½ ‰ Carbon-60 buckyball is ½ x Example of obel prize


shaped like a soccer ball. diploma.
[
    
Fullerenes
 Carbon 60 was named after Richard Buckminster Fuller, who
went by the nickname ³Bucky.´

½ x A ³Buckyball.´ ½ xx Dome over biosphere in Montreal.


    
Top-Down Approach
 Two approaches used in producing nanotechnology systems.
Top-down method is used by computer chip manufacturers.

½ xë Moore¶s Law. ½ xè Photolithography.

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Bottom-Up Approach
Bottom-up approach to manufacturing is analogous to the way
biological systems are made.

½ x§ An example of a molecular self assembly through hydrogen bonds.

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anotechnology is ubiquitous and pervasive. ct is an emerging
field in all areas of science, engineering and technology.

  

 

½ x Robot image.

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 American Ceramic Society (2006, March). Overview of Safety, Risks.
American Ceramic Society Bulletin. Vol. 85 cssue 3, p6, 1/6 p.
 Booker, Richard & Boysen, Earl (2005). anotechnology for Dummies. 
iley Publishing cnc.
 Diott, D.D. (2006, April). Thinking big (and small) about energetic materials.
Material Science and Technology. Vol. 22 cssue 4. p. 463, 11p.
 Drexler, K. Eric (1986). Engines of Creation The Coming Era of
anotechnology. ew York Anchor Books.
 enderson, Donald (2006). Bioterrorism cnterview with Donald enderson.
Asia Pacific Biotech ews. Vol. 10, cssue 1, p.18, 9p.
 cntel (2007). Moore¶s Law. Retrieved 7/02/2007 from
http//www.intel.com/technology/mooreslaw/index.htm


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 Lane, eal & Kalil, Thomas (2005). The ational anotechnology cnitiative
Present at the creation. cssues in Science & Technology; Summer 2005. Vol
21, p49, 6p.
 Lieberman, Marya (2007). Self-assembled monolayers and multilayers of
phthalocyanines. University of otre Dame Department of Chemistry and
Biochemistry. Retrieved 7/02/2007 from http//www.nd.edu/~mlieberm/
 Mandal, Deendayal; Bolander, Mark E.; Mukhopadhyay, Debrabrata;
Sarkar, Gobinda;
 Mukherjee, Priyabrata (2006, anuary). The use of Microorganisms for the
formation of metal nanoparticles and their application. Applied Microbiology
and Biotechnology. Vol. 69 cssue 5, p. 485, 8p.
 Mostow, onathan (Director). (2003). Terminator 3 Rise Of The Machines
[Motion Picture]. United States arner Bros. Pictures.


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 Murday, ames F. (2005). anotechnology ype and ope in Aerospace
Applications. Advanced Materials and Processes. Vol. 163, cssue 12, P. 21,
2p.
 anotechnology at UT Austin (2007). Graduate Portfolio Program.
Retrieved 6/27/2007 from http//www.cnm.utexas.edu/graduateportfolio.html
 anotechnology ow (2006, March). anotechnology documentary to be
filmed at nanoTX'06. Retrieved 7/02/2007 from http//www.nanotech-
now.com/news.cgi?story_id=14281
 ational anotechnology cnitiative - c (2007). hat is anotechnology?
Retrieved 6/25/2007 from http//www.nano.gov/html/facts/whatcs ano.html
 Rappaport, Tatiana Gabriela (2006). Semiconductors anostructures and
applications in spintronics and quantum computation. Vol. 809 issue 1, p.326,
17p.


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 Ratner, Mark & Ratner, Daniel (2003). anotechnology A Gentle
cntroduction to the ext Big cdea. ew ersey Prentice all PTR.
 Rouekes, M. L., Fritz, S., Stix, G., hiteside, G.M., Love, .C., Alivisatos,
A.P. et al. (2002). Understanding anotechnology Scientific American. ew
York arner Books.
 Terra, Richard P. (2000, March). ational anotechnology cnitiative in
FY2001 Budget Clinton Administration Requests $497 million for T-Related
R&D Funding. Foresight anotech cnstitute. Retrieved 4/02/2007 from
http//www.foresight.org/Updates/Update40/Update40.1.html
 U L ews Releases (2006, December). Self-assembling nano-ice
discovered at U L; structure resembles D A. Retrieved 6/28/2007 from
http//ucommxsrv1.unl.edu/unlnews/public/fmpro?-db=unlnews.fp5&-
format=newsrelease.shtml&-lay=unlnews&-recid=33994&-find=

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 ikipedia (2007). Moore¶s Law. Retrieved 7/02/2007 from
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moore%27s_law
 ikipedia (2007). ature. Retrieved 7/05/2007 from
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category ature
 ong, .S. Philip (2006, March). anoelectronics ± Opportunities and
Challenges. cnternational ournal of igh Speed Electronics and Systems.
Vol. 16, cssue 1, p. 83, 12p.
 Yamaguchi, Tomohiko; Epstein, crving; Shimomura, Masatsugu; &
Kunitake, Toyoki (2005, December). Vol. 15, cssue 4, p. , 3 p.
 yvex anotechnology ebsite There¶s Plenty of Room at the Bottom.
Retrieved 6/27/2007 from http//www.zyvex.com/nanotech/feynman.html.

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