Sie sind auf Seite 1von 27



Alberto Quiñonez, Ph.D.

Electronics and Advanced Technologies
Austin Community College

The purpose of this module is to introduce the emerging
nanotechnology field to novices of nanotechnology.

 anotechnology Terms and Definitions
 istory of anotechnology
 Current and Future Trends, Research and Applications


cs nanotechnology the gateway to the

future for human beings on Earth?

½  here does your imagination take you?


³«its arsenal includes

½ x A nanocar made from a single molecule. nanotechnological
transjectors«It can
control other machines.´

½ ë Arnold Schwarzenegger¶s character mentions

nanotechnology in ³The Terminator 3´ movie.





½ è Searching for nanotechnology.

³manotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at
dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers, where unique
phenomena enable novel applications.´

-Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering and technology,

nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and
manipulating matter at this length scale.´

m   m 


½ § ational anotechnology cnitiative.


½  Sematech nanoscholar interns of Texas.

The concepts of nanotechnology are not new to nature or to
mankind. An early example of a manmade nanoprocess is stained

½  Stained glass windows. ½ [ Picture of gold nano particles.

Birth of anotechnology
 Professor Taniguchi of Tokyo Science
University used the word ³nanotechnology´
to describe the science and technology of
processing or building parts with nanometric
A nanometer is a unit of length in the metric
system, equal to one billionth of a meter. ½ ‰ Tokyo Science University.

½  Equivalent Units


Dr. Richard P. Feynman

 ³Why cannot we write the entire 24
volumes of the Encyclopedia
Britannica on the head of a pin?´

Dr. Richard Feynman, one of

America¶s most notable physicists,

½  Richard Feynman.

Dr. Feynman, Continued
 ³The problems of chemistry and V 
biology can be greatly helped if our  
ability to see what we are doing, and
to do things on an atomic level, is
ultimately developed ± a Adventures of a Curious
development which I think cannot be Character
By Richard Feynman

½ x Collection of reminiscences by

obel Prize-winning physicist.

Atomic Scale
 A computer image of the nano
ice double helix.

 cn the nano ice image, oxygen

atoms are blue in the inner
helix, purple in the outer helix.
ydrogen atoms are white.

½ ë A nanotechnology self-assembly process.

Eric Drexler
 Coined the term ³Grey Goo´«the Engines of Creation
potential problem of self-replicating and
autonomous artificial intelligence
machines. The Coming Era
of manotechnology

By K. Eric Drexler
½ è Drexler¶s book.

½ § D A damage.

Eric Drexler, Continued
Cell Repair Machines
 ³By working along molecule by
molecule and structure by
structure, repair machines will be
able to repair whole cells. By
working along cell by cell and
tissue by tissue, they«will be
able to repair whole organs«they
will restore health.´ Î 

½  Stylized example of

targeted cell repair.

 Measurement of equipment is the cornerstone of

½  Scanning probe microscope ½ [ Scanning tunneling microscope

systems from nanoscience instruments. image.

 Three gentlemen²arold Kroto from the
University of Sussex, Robert Curl and
Richard Smalley from Rice University²were
awarded the obel Prize in Chemistry in
1996 for their discovery of a new composition
of carbon, Carbon 60.

½ ‰ Carbon-60 buckyball is ½ x Example of obel prize

shaped like a soccer ball. diploma.
 Carbon 60 was named after Richard Buckminster Fuller, who
went by the nickname ³Bucky.´

½ x A ³Buckyball.´ ½ xx Dome over biosphere in Montreal.

Top-Down Approach
 Two approaches used in producing nanotechnology systems.
Top-down method is used by computer chip manufacturers.

½ xë Moore¶s Law. ½ xè Photolithography.

Bottom-Up Approach
Bottom-up approach to manufacturing is analogous to the way
biological systems are made.

½ x§ An example of a molecular self assembly through hydrogen bonds.


anotechnology is ubiquitous and pervasive. ct is an emerging
field in all areas of science, engineering and technology.



½ x Robot image.

 American Ceramic Society (2006, March). Overview of Safety, Risks.
American Ceramic Society Bulletin. Vol. 85 cssue 3, p6, 1/6 p.
 Booker, Richard & Boysen, Earl (2005). anotechnology for Dummies. 
iley Publishing cnc.
 Diott, D.D. (2006, April). Thinking big (and small) about energetic materials.
Material Science and Technology. Vol. 22 cssue 4. p. 463, 11p.
 Drexler, K. Eric (1986). Engines of Creation The Coming Era of
anotechnology. ew York Anchor Books.
 enderson, Donald (2006). Bioterrorism cnterview with Donald enderson.
Asia Pacific Biotech ews. Vol. 10, cssue 1, p.18, 9p.
 cntel (2007). Moore¶s Law. Retrieved 7/02/2007 from

 Lane, eal & Kalil, Thomas (2005). The ational anotechnology cnitiative
Present at the creation. cssues in Science & Technology; Summer 2005. Vol
21, p49, 6p.
 Lieberman, Marya (2007). Self-assembled monolayers and multilayers of
phthalocyanines. University of otre Dame Department of Chemistry and
Biochemistry. Retrieved 7/02/2007 from http//
 Mandal, Deendayal; Bolander, Mark E.; Mukhopadhyay, Debrabrata;
Sarkar, Gobinda;
 Mukherjee, Priyabrata (2006, anuary). The use of Microorganisms for the
formation of metal nanoparticles and their application. Applied Microbiology
and Biotechnology. Vol. 69 cssue 5, p. 485, 8p.
 Mostow, onathan (Director). (2003). Terminator 3 Rise Of The Machines
[Motion Picture]. United States arner Bros. Pictures.

 Murday, ames F. (2005). anotechnology ype and ope in Aerospace
Applications. Advanced Materials and Processes. Vol. 163, cssue 12, P. 21,
 anotechnology at UT Austin (2007). Graduate Portfolio Program.
Retrieved 6/27/2007 from http//
 anotechnology ow (2006, March). anotechnology documentary to be
filmed at nanoTX'06. Retrieved 7/02/2007 from http//www.nanotech-
 ational anotechnology cnitiative - c (2007). hat is anotechnology?
Retrieved 6/25/2007 from http// ano.html
 Rappaport, Tatiana Gabriela (2006). Semiconductors anostructures and
applications in spintronics and quantum computation. Vol. 809 issue 1, p.326,

 Ratner, Mark & Ratner, Daniel (2003). anotechnology A Gentle
cntroduction to the ext Big cdea. ew ersey Prentice all PTR.
 Rouekes, M. L., Fritz, S., Stix, G., hiteside, G.M., Love, .C., Alivisatos,
A.P. et al. (2002). Understanding anotechnology Scientific American. ew
York arner Books.
 Terra, Richard P. (2000, March). ational anotechnology cnitiative in
FY2001 Budget Clinton Administration Requests $497 million for T-Related
R&D Funding. Foresight anotech cnstitute. Retrieved 4/02/2007 from
 U L ews Releases (2006, December). Self-assembling nano-ice
discovered at U L; structure resembles D A. Retrieved 6/28/2007 from

 ikipedia (2007). Moore¶s Law. Retrieved 7/02/2007 from
 ikipedia (2007). ature. Retrieved 7/05/2007 from
http// ature
 ong, .S. Philip (2006, March). anoelectronics ± Opportunities and
Challenges. cnternational ournal of igh Speed Electronics and Systems.
Vol. 16, cssue 1, p. 83, 12p.
 Yamaguchi, Tomohiko; Epstein, crving; Shimomura, Masatsugu; &
Kunitake, Toyoki (2005, December). Vol. 15, cssue 4, p. , 3 p.
 yvex anotechnology ebsite There¶s Plenty of Room at the Bottom.
Retrieved 6/27/2007 from http//