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OptiX RTN 600 Equipment

Commissioning

www.huawei.com

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Learning Guide
 Before studying this course, you are supposed to
complete the study on :
 Basics of digital microwave communications or related
knowledge

OptiX RTN 600 Product Introduction

OptiX RTN 600 Networking and Protection Mechanism

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 2
References
 Digital Microwave Communications Basics

 OptiX RTN 600 Radio Transmission System Configuration


Guide

 OptiX RTN 600 Radio Transmission System Commissioning


Guide

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 3
Objectives

 Upon completion of this course, you will be able


to:

Finish proper preparations before the commissioning


Performing NE commissioning of the OptiX RTN 600


Performing hop commissioning of the OptiX RTN 600

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 4
Contents

1. Preparations for the OptiX RTN 600


Commissioning

2. NE Commissioning of the OptiX RTN 600

3. Hop Commissioning of the OptiX RTN 600

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 5
Contents

1. Preparations for the OptiX RTN 600


Commissioning
 1.1 Determining Commissioning Items

1.2 Preparing Related Documents

1.3 Preparing Related Tools

1.4 Checking Commissioning Conditions

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Determining Commissioning Items

1. NE Commissioning Items
Commissioning Item Optional/Require Remarks
d

Powering on the Required If the fan is available in the


equipment equipment, check whether the fan is
working or not after power on.

Testing indicators Required Check whether all indicators work


normally or not.

Accessing the Web Required -


LCT

Configuring the data Required -

Performing the service Optional If the instruments are available on


loopback test site, it is recommended that you test
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 7
this item.
Determining Commissioning Items
(cont.)
1. NE Commissioning Items (cont.)
Commissioning Item Optional/Require Remarks
d

Testing E1 cables Optional It applies to the station where the


connections E1 service is accessed.
Checking the receive Optional It applies to the station where the
and transmit power of SDH optical interface service is
the optical interface accessed.

Testing the RF Required Use the Web LCT to query the RF


transmit power transmit power.
Testing the Required It only applies to the equipment
active/standby cross- configured with the active and
connect board standby cross-connect boards.
switching
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Determining Commissioning Items
(cont.)
2. Hop Commissioning Items
Commissioning Optional/ Remarks
Item Required

Aligning the Required -


antenna

Testing the ECC Required -

Testing the Optional It is applicable when there is the


orderwire phone order wire phone available
between stations.

Testing all services Required Test all service types turned up at


the station like the E1, STM-1, and
WS.

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Determining Commissioning Items
(cont.)
2. Hop Commissioning Items (cont.)
Commissioning Optional/Require Remarks
Item d

Testing the clock Required Check and ensure that the clock
tracing source can be traced normally.

Testing the IF Required It is applicable when the 1+1


switching modes HSB/FD/SD protection is configured.

Testing the SNCP Required It is applicable when the SNCP is


switching configured.

Testing the long- Required Generally perform the test for 24


term BER hours according to the actual
conditions
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Preparing Related Documents
 The documents that are required include the engineering
design documents and commissioning guide documents.
 Engineering design documents like :
 OptiX RTN 600 Radio Transmission System Network Planning Document
 OptiX RTN 600 Radio Transmission System Engineering Design Document

 Commissioning guide documents like:


 OptiX RTN 600 Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide
 OptiX RTN 600 Radio Transmission System Quick Installation and
Commissioning Guide

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Preparing Tools
 The tools that are required include the common tools, special tools and instruments. The recommended list is as follows:

Type Description

Common Adjustable wrench, percussion drill, sharp-nose

tool pliers, and electric knife

Special Anti-static glove, ESD-preventive wrist strap,


tool telescope, and intercom

Instrument Multi-meter, BER tester, and laptop computer


(installed with the Web LCT)

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Checking Commissioning Conditions
 The NE commissioning conditions to be checked include the
status of the equipment as well as that of the laptop computer
used in the commissioning. The NE commissioning conditions
are listed as follows:
 The hardware installation of the equipment must be complete, and
it should pass the installation check.
 The power supply of the equipment must be available.
 The service signal cables connected to other equipment must be
routed well.
 The laptop computer must be installed with the Web LCT, and
applications should work normally.

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Checking Commissioning Conditions
(cont.)
 The hop commissioning items to be checked include the NE
commissioning status as well as the weather conditions. The hop
commissioning conditions are listed as follows:
 The NE commissioning of the radio equipment at both ends of the same
radio link must be complete.
 The weather should be suitable, and there should no rain or fog
between stations.
 The on-site conditions and the personnel in charge of antenna
commissioning must meet the requirement on the operation at a high
altitude.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 14
Summary

 This chapter describes the following contents:



NE commissioning items and hop commissioning items
 Documents and tools prepared before the
commissioning

Commissioning conditions

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 15
Contents

1. Preparations for the OptiX RTN 600 Commissioning

2. NE Commissioning of the OptiX RTN 600

3. Hop Commissioning of the OptiX RTN 600

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 16
Contents

2. NE Commissioning of the OptiX RTN 600


 2.1 Powering On the Equipment
 2.2 Testing Indicators
 2.3 Accessing the Web LCT
 2.4 Configuring the Data
 2.5 Performing the Service Loopback test
 2.6 Testing the Connections of the E1 Cables
 2.7 Testing the Transmit and Receive Optical Power
 2.8 Testing the RF Transmit Power
 2.9 Testing the Active/Standby Cross-Connect Board Switching

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Powering On the Equipment
 Prerequisites
 The hardware installation of the equipment must be
complete, and it should pass the installation check.
 The input power must be available.
 The power switch of the input power (such as the power box
of the cabinet) must be turned off.
 Tools and Instruments
 Multi-meter
 Procedure
 Set the SYS-PWR switch on the PXC board to O.
 Set the ODU-PWR switch on the IF board to O.
 Turn on the input power switch of the cabinet.

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Powering On the Equipment (cont.)
 testing the voltage and polarization of the input power at the access
point (such as the output terminal of the power box on the cabinet)
by multi-meter. The voltage should range from -38.4 V to -72 V.
 Set the SYS_PWR switch on the PXC board to “I”.
 If the fan is available, first check it is working normally after power
on.
 Wait for about 20 seconds, and then observe indicators of each
board installed in the IDU.
 The PROG indicator on the SCC board should be first on. After it
blinks and is lit green for some time, it should be off.
 For details on the board indicators, refer to the OptiX RTN 600
Radio Transmission System Product Description.
 Set the ODU-PWR switch on the IF board to “I”.
 Note: The SYS-PWR and ODU-PWR switches on PXC and IF boards have
the locking device. They need to be slightly pull out before switch
them.
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Testing Indicators
 Prerequisites
 The equipment must be powered on for
more than five minutes.
LAMP
 Tools and Instruments TEST
 None. button

 Procedure
 Press the LAMP TEST button on the SCC
board, and indicators of all boards
should be on.
 Release the LAMP TEST button, and
indicators of all boards should recover
to the status before the LAMP TEST
button is pressed.

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Accessing the Web LCT
 Prerequisites
 The equipment must be powered on.
NM interface
 Tools and Instruments
 Laptop computer installed with the Web LCT
 Network cable
 Procedure
 Start the laptop computer, and log in to the
operating system. Run the Web LCT program.
 Connect the network port on the laptop computer
to the ETH interface on the SCC board through the
network cable. The green indicators of the ETH
interface and network port should be on.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 21
Accessing the Web LCT (Cont.)
 Set the IP address information of the computer, and log in to the NE. The
IP address should comply with the following conditions:
 IP address: The IP address should be in the 129.9.0.0 network section and
should be different from the default IP address of the NE (129.9.191.240).
 Subnet mask: 255.255.0.0.
 Default gateway: Null.
 Enter in the Address bar of the IE the address of the server to be logged
in. If the server is installed in the local computer, enter
http://127.0.0.1:8080/nglct/, and click the Turn to button.
 In the login interface of the Web LCT, enter the user name and
corresponding password. Click Login. The default user name is admin,
and the default password is T2000. If the user name and password are
correct, the NE List page is displayed in the IE.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 22
Configuring the Data
 Prerequisites
 The documents that are required by data configuration must be
available.
 Tools and Instruments
 Web LCT
 Procedure
 Before configuring the NE data, create the NE, log in and modify the
ID settings of the NE according to the requirements in the Network
Planning Document.
 The OptiX RTN 600 can be configured in two modes, General Mode
and Wizard Mode. Users can choose the proper configuration mode
depending on the specific configuration scenarios. For details, refer to
the OptiX RTN 600 Radio Transmission System Configuration Guide.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 23
Testing Transmit and Receive Optical
Power
 Prerequisites
 The service data must be configured.
 The 15-minute performance monitoring of the NE must be
started.
 The fiber connections must be normal.
 Tools and Instruments
 Web LCT

Fixed optical attenuator or variable optical attenuator
 Procedure
 Disable the automatic laser shutdown (ALS) function of the
laser, and ensure that transmission of the laser is enabled.
 Query the 15-minute performance by using the Web LCT to
obtain the values of the transmit and receive optical power.

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Testing the Transmit and Receive
Optical Power (cont.)
 Based on the queried values along with the specifications of
optical modules, judge whether they are within the normal
value range. The receive optical power should be 3 dB more
than the minimum sensitivity and 5 dB less than the minimum
overload provided in the specifications.
 If the values are beyond the normal range, adjust the optical
power by increasing or decreasing the number of attenuators to
ensure that the receive and transmit optical power is within the
normal value range.
 Perform the loopback test for the services upon the completion
of the optical power test. Ensure that no bit errors occur in five
minutes.
 Note: The attenuator should be connected to the receive
end other than the transmit end.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 25
Performing the Service Loopback
Test
 Prerequisites
 The Web LCT must be logged in to successfully and its
connection to the NE must be normal.
 The board must work normally.

 Tools and Instruments


 Web LCT
 BER tester or SDH analyzer

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 26
Performing the Service Loopback Test
(cont.)
 Procedure

Connect the board to be tested to the test instrument.
 Issue the loopback command and observe the instrument for
five minutes. The services should be normal.
 Repeat the above two steps to test each board.

The service loopback for the IF board can only be
implemented by testing the services of other service boards.

Adopt different loopback mode depending on the actually
used instrument.

If the SDH analyzer is used to test the optical interface board,
first use the optical power meter to test the optical power
before the test and use the attenuator to ensure that the
optical power is within the normal range. This can protect the
instrument and the board.

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Testing E1 Cable Connections
 Prerequisites
 The E1 port must be transferred through the DDF.
 The service data must be configured.
 Tools and Instruments
 Web LCT

BER tester
 Procedure
 Connect the BER tester to the first E1 port of the OptiX RTN 600 at
the DDF.
 Set the corresponding E1 port to outloop by using the Web LCT.
 Observe the BER tester. The AIS alarm displayed on the BER tester
should be cleared.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 28
Testing E1 Cable Connections (cont.)

 Release the outloop of the E1 port by using the


Web LCT.
 Observe the BER tester. It should report the AIS
alarm.
 Repeat the above five steps to test other E1 ports.
 Tip
Connect all E1 ports in a serial manner and set all of
them to outloop by using the Web LCT. In this way,
you can check whether all E1 ports are normal at the
same time. If any fault occurs, you also need to
locate it segmentally.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 29
Testing the RF Transmit Power
 Prerequisites
 The service data must be configured and the performance monitoring of
the NE must be started.
 The ATPC function must be disabled.
 Tools and Instruments
 Web LCT
 Procedure
 In the NE Explorer, select the ODU that requires querying the RF transmit
power and query RF Transmit Power in the performance events.
 Browse the performance events in the window. The difference between
the queried value of the RF transmit power and the preset value should
be less than 0.1 dB.
 If the tested value is abnormal, contact Huawei for solutions.

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Testing Active/Standby Cross-connect
Board Switching
 Prerequisites
 The service data must be configured.

The 15-minute performance monitoring of the NE must be
started.
 The equipment must be configured with the active and
standby cross-connect boards.

 Tools and Instruments


 Web LCT

BER tester

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 31
Testing Active/Standby Cross-
connect Board Switching (Cont.)
 Procedure
 Confirm the current working status of active and standby PXC
boards and no abnormal alarms by using the Web LCT.
 Perform active/standby PXC board switching by Web LCT.
 Query the working status of the active and standby PXC boards to
check whether the switching is performed normally.
 Query the current and history alarms to check whether any alarm is
generated during the switching process.
 After the test, restore the PXC board in slot 1 to the active board.
Query the alarms and ensure that the cross-connect board works
normally.
 If you use the BER tester to monitor the services, few bit errors may
occur during the switching process. The services, however, can
recover immediately after the switching is complete.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 32
Questions
 What is the procedure to access Web LCT?

 How should the E1 port be set and connected for testing the
connections of E1 cables? How to adopt the testing it quickly?

 Why shall we disable the ATPC function when test RF transmit power?

 What are the two modes in data configuration? What are the
differences between them?

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 33
Summary


This chapter describes the prerequisites, tools and
instruments, and procedure for the NE commissioning items:
 Powering on the equipment
 Testing indicators
 Accessing the Web LCT
 Configuring the data
 Testing the transmit and receive optical power
 Performing the service loopback test
 Testing the connections of E1 cables
 Testing the RF transmit power
 Testing the active/standby cross-connect board switching

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 34
Contents

1. Preparations for the OptiX RTN 600 Commissioning

2. NE Commissioning of the OptiX RTN 600

3. Hop Commissioning of the OptiX RTN 600

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 35
Table of Contents

3. Hop Commissioning of the OptiX RTN 600


 3.1 Aligning the Antenna
 3.2 Testing the ECC

3.3 Testing the E1 Service
 3.4 Testing the WS Service
 3.5 Testing the order wire
 3.6 Testing the Clock Tracing
 3.7 Testing the IF 1+1 Switching
 3.8 Testing the SNCP Switching
 3.9 Testing the 24-Hour BER

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 36
Aligning the Antenna
 Prerequisites
 The NE commissioning of the radio equipment at both ends of the
same radio link must be complete.
 During the commissioning, the weather should be suitable and there
should be no rain/fog between stations.
 The on-site conditions and personnel in charge of the antenna
commissioning must meet the requirements of operation at a high
altitude.
 Tools and Instruments
 Wrench, multi-meter and intercom.
 Note: If there are 2 antennas at each site, it needs to align the
main antennas and diversity antennas at both ends respectively.
First align the main antennas and then the diversity antennas.
Both antennas at local site should be aligned with the main
antenna at opposite end.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 37
Aligning the Antenna (cont.)
 Procedure
1. According to the designed received signal level (RSL) along with the
relationship curve between the VBNC and RSL described in the user
documents (shipped with the equipment) of the ODU, read the
designed value of the VBNC.
2. Align the antennas at both ends approximately by using the specific
tool (telescope) or instrument (COMPASS or GPS). If the antennas at
both ends are not aligned approximately, the VBNC cannot be adjusted to
the designed value.
3. Fix the antenna at the opposite end, and adjust the azimuth (elevation)
of the antenna at the local end in a wide range. Use the multi-meter to
observe the VBNC value of the ODU at the local end. At least three peak
signals should be detected and the voltage of the peak signal in the
middle should be maximum. When the VBNC reaches the maximum
value, tighten the antenna. When the antenna is being tightened, keep
that the VBNC is always the maximum.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 38
Aligning the Antenna (cont.)
4. As step 3, adjust the elevation (azimuth) of the antenna. And tighten it.
5. Tighten the antennas at the local end. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to adjust the
antennas at the opposite end and tighten them.
6. Repeat steps 3 to 5 for two to four times. When the RSL of the antennas at the
local end and the remote end reach the maximum value, tighten the antennas
at both ends.
7. Test VBNC of ODUs at both ends by multi-meter. Read the actual receive power
level (RSL) by referring to the relationship curve between the VBNC and RSL for
the ODUs at both ends. The difference between actual RSL value and it’s
designed value should be ranged from -3 dB to +3 dB.
8. If the VBNC does not meet the above requirements, check whether the antennas
at both ends are approximately aligned by referring to the step2. Also you can
refer to the OptiX RTN 600 Radio Transmission System Maintenance Guide for
solutions.
9. After antennas aligning is complete, tighten all screws of the antennas.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 39
Testing the ECC
 Prerequisites
 Antenna alignment must be complete.


The NE must have access to the Web LCT.
 Tools and Instruments
 Web LCT
 Precautions
 Test the ECC at one end of the radio link.
 Procedure
 In the NE List page, click Add NE.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 40
Testing the ECC (cont.)
 In the Add NE page, set the following attributes of the opposite
NE:  
 ID: ID of the opposite NE
 Name: name of the opposite NE
 Extended ID: extended ID of the opposite NE
 Gateway Type: IP gateway
 Gateway IP Address: IP address of the local NE
 User Name: root (default)
 Password: password (default for the user root)
 Click OK. In this case, a row of data for the newly added NE is
added in the NE List page.
 Observe Login Status of the newly added NE. Login Status
should be displayed as Logged In.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 41
Testing the E1 Service
 Prerequisites
 The E1 service must be available between stations and the service
configuration at each station must be correctly delivered.
 Antenna alignment must be complete.
 Tools and Instruments
 BER tester and Web LCT
 Procedure
 At local site, connect the BER tester to the first E1 port.
 At remote site, loopback the first E1 port by cable. If cable loopback is
unfeasible, set the software inloop for the first E1 port by Web LCT.
 Test the BER for 5 to 10 minutes by BER tester. No bit error should occur.
 Release all loopbacks.
 Repeat the above four steps to test other E1 ports one by one.

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Testing the WS Service

 Prerequisites
 The WS service must be configured.
 Antenna alignment must be complete.
 Tools and Instruments
 BER tester
 Procedure
 At local site, connect the BER tester to the WS port.
 At remote site, perform the hardware inloop for the WS port.
 Test the BER for 5 to 10 minutes by BER tester. No bit errors should
occur.

Release the loopback.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 43
Testing the order wire
 Prerequisites

The order wire phone must be correctly installed at the
station.
 The data of the order wire must be configured.

Antenna alignment must be complete.
 Tools and Instruments

None.
 Procedure
 Check the status of the order wire at the local equipment side.
The status of the order wire should meet the following
requirements:
 The ringing switch must be set to ON.
 The dialing mode switch must be set to T, that is, the dual-tone
dialing mode is selected.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 44
Testing the Order wire (cont.)
 Dial the order wire of the opposite equipment as follows:
 Pick up the order wire, and press the TALK key on the front panel of the
phone. The red indicator on the upper right side of the front panel is on,
accompanied by the dial tone.
 Dial the order wire number of the opposite equipment. Normally, the voice
quality is good and the voice is clear.
 Answer the order wire.
 The maintenance personnel at the opposite equipment side dials the order
wire of the local equipment. Normally, the order wire rings and at the same
time the red indicator on the upper right side of the front panel is on.
 Pick up the phone, and press the TALK key to talk. The red indicator on the
upper right side of the phone is on. Normally, the voice quality is good and
the voice is clear.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 45
Testing the Clock Tracing
 Prerequisites
 The clock tracing priority list must be configured.
 Tools and Instruments
 Web LCT
 Procedure
 Query the current clock priority table by using the Web LCT.
 According to the clock priority table, query whether the current
clock tracing source is traced normally.
 If the active and standby PXC boards are configured, perform the
active/standby switching. This operation can check whether the
current clock source can be traced normally after the switching.
After the test is complete, restore the PXC boards in slot1 as
active board.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 46
Testing the IF 1+1 Switching
 Prerequisites
 The equipment must be configured with the IF 1+1 protection.
 Antenna alignment must be complete.
 Tools and Instruments
 BER tester and Web LCT
 Note: The following procedure considers the E1 service
between stations as an example. If no E1 service is
configured between stations, perform the test through the
configured WS service (only applicable in the SDH radio).

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 47
Testing the IF 1+1 Switching (cont.)
 Procedure
 At local site, connect the BER tester to one E1 port.
 At remote site, loopback an E1 port by cable. Or set the software
inloop on an E1 port by web LCT when cable loopback is unfeasible.
 Test the BER by BER tester. Confirm E1 service is normal.
 View the working status of the protection group by using the Web
LCT. The Active Board of Device and Active Board of Channel
should be the active IF board.
 Set the transmission status of the main ODU to mute by using the
Web LCT or power off the main ODU. This can trigger the IF 1+1
switching.
 View the working status of the protection group after the
switching by using the Web LCT. The Active Board of Device
and Active Board of Channel should be the standby IF board.
The HSB_INDI or HSM_INDI alarm should be reported.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 48
Testing the IF 1+1 Switching (cont.)

View the BER by Web LCT.
 In the 1+1 HSB protection or 1+1 SD protection, service should recover
after a transient interruption.

In the 1+1 FD protection, service just has some bit errors without
interruption.

After switching is complete, test the BER for 5 to 10 minutes. No bit
errors should occur.

Set the transmission status of the main ODU to unmute by using the
Web LCT or powering on the main ODU.

If the protection mode is set to Revertive mode, test the BER again by
using the BER tester. When the restore time arrives, the result should
indicate that the service has recovered after a transient interruption.
WTR Time is set to 600s by default. Test the BER according to the
requirements of the actual configuration.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 49
Testing the SNCP Switching
 Prerequisites
 The equipment must be configured with the SNCP protection.
 Antenna alignment must be complete.
 Tools and Instruments
 BER tester and Web LCT
 Procedure

At local site, connect the BER tester to one E1 port.
 At remote site, loopback the corresponding E1 port by cable.
Or set inloop on the E1 port by web LCT when cable loopback
is unfeasible.
 Test the BER by BER tester. Confirm E1 service is normal.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 50
Testing the SNCP Switching (cont.)
 Check SNCP status of E1 service by Web LCT. And status should be normal.
 Trigger the SNCP switching by disconnecting the fiber connectors or powering off the
ODU in the working channel of the E1 SNCP service.
 View the abnormal events of the NE by Web LCT. The abnormal events of SDH SNCP
Switching are displayed in Abnormal Event List.
 View the BER test result. The result should indicate that the service has recovered after
a transient interruption.
 Reconnect the fiber connector or power on the ODU.
 In the Revertive mode, when the restore time arrives, the BER tester result should
indicate that the service has restored back. WTR Time is set to 600s by default.
 Test the BER depending on the requirements of the actual configuration.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 51
Testing the 24-Hour BER
 Prerequisites

Antenna alignment must be complete.
 Tools and Instruments

BER tester and Web LCT
 Precautions

If the 24-hour BER cannot be tested for each hop on the link
because of the restrictions of the actual situation, choose the
E1 service of the first node and terminal node of each link to
perform this test. This operation ensures that the test path
covers all the radio links.

The following test procedure considers the E1 service between
stations as an example. If no E1 service is configured between
stations, perform the test through the configured WS service
(only applicable in the SDH radio).

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 52
Testing the 24-Hour BER (cont.)
 Procedure
 At local site, extract several typical E1
services, and perform the hardware inloop for
the E1 ports. If the hardware inloop is
unfeasible, perform the software inloop for the
E1 ports by using the Web LCT.
 At remote site, connect the E1 services in a
serial manner at the DDF, and access them to
the BER tester.
 Test the 24-hour BER by using the BER tester.
 Record the test result. The result should
indicate that no bit errors occur.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 53
Testing the 24-Hour BER (cont.)

 Postrequisites
 If bit errors occur in the first 24-hour BER test, remove the
fault. Perform another 24-hour BER test until the test is
passed.

 If bit errors occur in the test for a serial connection, locate


the fault by using the dichotomizing search or other methods
until each channel passes the 24-hour BER test
independently.

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 54
Questions
 What is the procedure to aligning antennas?

 How long should it take to test the E1 service and WS service respectively by using the BER tester?

 What alarms occur after the IF 1+1 switching is complete?

 How can we ensure that SNCP switching is successful?

 How should we handle bit errors occurring in the 24-hour BER test?

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 55
Summary
 The commissioning items in hop commissioning:
 Aligning the antenna

Testing the ECC
 Testing the E1 service

Testing the WS service

Testing the order wire

Testing the clock tracing

Testing the IF 1+1 switching

Testing the SNCP switching

Testing the 24-hour BER

Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 56
Thank You
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