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Statement Deutsche Bahn AG

18th Sesssion 15.-16.September 2005

Working Party on Transport Trends and Economics

UNECE
Introducing Deutsche Bahn AG

DB-Concern Passenger traffic Transport & Logistic Infrastruktur & Dienste

 DB AG as a  Nr. 1 European  Nr. 1 European Rail  Largest Rail Network in


Management Holding Passenger Rail Traffic (1)
Freight Transport(3) Europe
 Vertically integrated  Nr. 1 European PT(2)  Nr. 1 European Land  Nr. 1 Carsharing
structure  Nr. 1 Bus Traffic in Transport(4) Germany
Germany  Nr. 3 Ocean Freight4)  Nr. 1 Bike Rental
 Nr. 5Air Freight(4) in Europe
revenue (Mio. €) 23.963
HGB

Operating revenue
after interest (Mio. Euro) 253 revenue (Mio. €) 11.155 revenue (Mio. €) 11.569 revenue (Mio. €) 880

staff 225.512 staff 64.254 staff 62.117 80.179


staff
Gross investment- Gross investment Gross investment Gross investment
7.232 1.026 549 5.637
(Mio. €) (Mio. €) (Mio. €) (Mio. €)
(1)
Kopf an Kopf mit SNCF. Umsatzbasiert ist DB Nr. 1 (Stand 2004), leistungsbasiert Nr. 2 nach SNCF (DB 70,3 Mrd. Pkm, SNCF 74,0 Mrd. Pkm),
(2)
umsatzbasiert (Stand 2004), leistungsbasiert keine Aussage möglich - fehlende Daten, (3) umsatzbasiert und leistungsbasiert (Stand 2003), (4) aufkommensbasiert
(Stand 2003)

Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 2 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005


Organisation DB-Concern

Deutsche Bahn AG - Supervisory Board

Management Board
CEO CFO Finance/Controlling Marketing & Government Human Resources System-
G Mehdorn F Sack M Relations. A Suckale verbund
Bahn
Passenger Traffic Infrastructure and Services Transport & Logistrics
V Heinisch
L Bensel
P Rausch I Garber

Inter City Regio Urban


Fern- Rail Net Stations Energy Services Stinnes Railion Schenker
verkehr
P.S I.S D
Group P.R I.N I.E L.V L.R L.S
Functions

Breuel Homburg Meyer Heinisch Siebert Witschke Bücken Hager Kremper Held

Service-
Functions

Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 3 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005


Revenues and Staff

External revenues DB-Konzern Staff DB-Konzern


2004: 24,0 bln. EUR 2004: 225.512 FTE

Non-Rail
Non-Rail 20%
40%

Rail Rail
60% 80%

Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 4 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005


Degree of Internationalisation DB-Konzern

External revenues DB-Konzern


2004, 24,0 bln. EUR

Other countries
Germany
27%

Number of Employees DB-Konzern


2004, 225.512 FTE

Germany Others
87% 13%

Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 5 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005


Railion - railfreight traffic performance figures for 2003

72

50
47

20 19 18
15 14
12
10 10
8 7
4 2
2
lia
nd

nd

V
k

VR

SB
go

go

go
D
P
F

FE
A
S

A
ar

PK
C

C
ta

C
EW
la

rla

M
ar

ar

ar

N
m

EN
SN

/R
in
ch

-C
C
de

an

en

R
en
ts

Source: UIC 2003


B

B
e

Tr
eu

SB
B
N

re
n

figures in billion tkm


Ö
n

G
D

lio
lio
n

ai
lio

ai

R
R
ai
R

Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 6 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005


Europe- Asian Rail Links: What we ship
East-West-East by rail (rough numbers per year based on 04/05 half-year results )
 Number of rail cars

 east bound: 22.000

 west bound: 4.500

 total: 26.500
Unbalanced traffic
 thereof cars with containers and container flow

 east bound: 10.000

 west bound: 2.000

 total: 12.000

 equivalent of about 30.000 containers

Vast majority of cars passes through Brest/Malazevice

Main destinations are CIS states


Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 7 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005
For DB´s Rail Companies PAN Corridor II and its connections
into Asia is the most important rail link

Most important rail corridors between Europe and Asia

 Efficient (despite gauge changes) Rail Corridors do exist as „spines“ for through traffic on rail
: in particular Trans Siberian Route with connecting PAN-Corridor II to West Europe
 Transport time only 14 days as opposed to >30 days for combined sea-land transport
 Market demands Door-to-door-solution, managing feeder services and handling
favourably by way of OSS
Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 8 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005
Deutsche Bahn AG with ist daughter companies offers a variety
of rail transport products in the west-east-west corridors

N-S-Korridor
Jaroslawl

NO-China

Products Moskau
E Gorki

Smolensk Jekaterinburg

Wagon load
Krasnojarsk

Kiel Minsk
Russland Express (West - East)
Europa Express (East- West) Hamburg

Novosibirsk
USA
Warschau
Amsterdam Brest
Intermodal E

Rotterdam Berlin Malaszewicze

Westwind (West - East) Köln


Ostwind (East - West)
Frankfurt Rostow
Nord-Süd-Korridor

München

Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 9 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005


The Market Share of Rail Transport is below 1%
Sea transport

Transpacific trade demand

EUR - ASIA in mio. TEU USA - ASIA in mio. TEU


Eastbound W estbound
Year 2004 Year 2003 Year 2002
0

3
6 3,1 3 3
5,2
4,8 6

4,2 6,4
7,3
7,8
9

3 2,4 2,6
2,3

Trends container transport


 China's ports are expected to handle 100 million standard
containers by 2010 and the capacity will even double by
0 2020, according to a plan set by the Ministry of
Communications (Statistics show that the port handling
Year 2002 Year 2003 Year 2004 capacity in China already amounted to 48 million containers
Westbound Eastbound last year 2003)

Source: Containerization International – Market Analysis: Future supply and demand for liner services
Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 10 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005
A number of factors still hinder significant increase in the eurasian rail traffic (1)
 Imbalance of container flow
 Participating Railways together with
 container flow from Asia ( China) to Europe is 3 to 4 forwarders and other stake holders in
times higher than the one from Europe to Asia. the market need to find solution for
Accordingly market prices are 2200 to container management which is
500 US$ focused on the entire Eurasian region

 Distorted pricing structure in Russia  Russia ought to create a price


structure for rail transport which is
unbiased vis a´vis the kind of transport
 Rail transport to and from Russian sea ports are
route
significantly advantaged over all-land rail transport.
Eg: Vostochny-Brest is 35% lower than Sabaikalsk-
Brest and 20% lower than Naushki-Brest.  Railways need to emphasise their
advantages like reliability, safety, in
 Low cost competition by road shipments particular for long distance haulage.
 I the 4-axis.project (D,PL,BR.R) the 4
 lorries take an increasing chunk of the market share Railways together with governments
have agreed to systematically improve
the trafic flow and border procedures
 low labor costs along the entire route along Corridor II. Including improved
corridor management and quality
 less time for boarder handling monitoring. Aim Berlin-Moscow 3,5
days for prime products.
AGno
Deutsche Bahn  co-ordination
| Seite for Geneva
11 |Statement UNECE operations needed
16.09.2005
A number of factors still hinder significant increase in the eurosian rail traffic (2)
 Customs Border Crossing Procedures  Situation has improved in the recent past
disruptions of flow of goods and confiscation at but improvements can still be reached.
Brest even at the smallest errors in the papers. Generally, there should be no customs
Consequently, many customers turned to prefer road inspections for transit transports .
trucking for the segments between western Europe I.e.international agreement that customs
and either Brest or Moscow. handling only at point of entry at destination
country.

 Different Freight Law causes complications  Railways have ( in the 4-axis-project) called
for an integrated CIM/OSShD freight
 Re-writing of bill of ladings /re-expedition at the document which is being accepted by
OSShD/CIM border is time consuming, costly and authorities along the entire Corridor. At the
leads to mistakes which, again, can cause same time it must be acknowledged as the
disruptions with the customs authorities. customs form at the same time. Railways
now support the different efforts to
exploring ways for implementation

Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 12 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005


For the future, Deutsche Bahn AG considers the potential for
rail transport between Asia and western Europe to increase

Transport Volume (without pipeline)


2004

Russia:
 D: 14,5 Mio.t
WME (D,F,B,NL,L, DK,P): 35 Mio.t
2010: 70 Mio t.
Modal Share Rail today: 2%

China:
 D: 10 Mio t (all goods)
Europe: 1.5 Mio t (high value goods
only)
2010: 3 Mio t (high value goods)

Sea Freight (2003)


Advantage Rail:  Asia  Europe 9,0 Mio. TEU
 time /distance advantage  Asia  USA 11,3 Mio. TEU
 rail friendly distances between 3000 and 10.000 km
 generally well developed rail infrastructure

Quelle: Schenker
Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 13 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005
Thank you very much for your attention
Time for Discussions
Co-operation for improvement on Corridor II (4-axis-project)

Create more attractive products at market


Optimisation of border processes
oriented prices

 error-free freight documents, electronic data


transmission  Integrated price offers for the entire transport
 reduction of technical inspections along the (OSS)
corridor (confidentiality trains)  Customer friendly services
 better punctuality and transport N-S-Korridor
Jaroslawl
(monitoring, tracking & tracing,
feeder services door-to-door)
NO-China

times Smolensk
E
Moskau
Gorki
Jekaterinburg

Krasnojarsk
Kiel Minsk
Hamburg
USA Novosibirsk
Warschau
Amsterdam Brest
E

Rotterdam Berlin Malaszewicze

Köln

 Capacity improvement Frankfurt Rostow

München
 Create single freight docs
 higher speeds
 New or improved terminals
 Unified customs procedures EU/CIS and beyond
 co-ordination of road-works (scheduling)
 shorter stops for customs inspection in RU and BLR

Modernisierung und Ausbau der Infrastruktur Harmonise legal framework for rail transport

Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 15 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005


Erste Verbesserungen der technischen und administrativen
Rahmenbedingungen sind bereits in Umsetzung (Vierachsenprojekt)

Seddin FfO Rzepin Mala. Brest Smolensk Moskau Total


 1. Status des Transportprozesses vor dem Vierachsenprojekt (in Stunden) in Tagen
8 5 1 9 16 24 4 168 18 10 5 240 21
 2. Ziel: Vollständig optimierter Transportprozess (in Stunden)
21 4 2 6 15 10 5 24 3,5
5 Transportzeit 10 Bearbeitungsdauer an der Grenze Beispiel: Russlandexpress von Berlin nach Moskau

Probleme Lösungen
 Qualitätsprobleme in der Produktion: fehlerhafte Verbindliche Qualitätsleitfäden
Betrieb


Dokumente, Ressourcenmangel  Einführung der Übergabe als Vertrauenszüge
 Zeitaufwändige Übergabeuntersuchungen  Optimierung der Fahrpläne
 Umladung bei Wechsel von Normal- auf Breitspur
 Lokwechsel an der Grenze
Technik

 Keine Vormeldung von Daten  Systeme zur elektronischen Datenvormeldung


 Teilweise veraltete Infrastruktur
 Durchgehender Ausbau der Infrastruktur

 Frachtrechtswechsel an der polnisch-


Frachtrecht

weißrussischen Grenze  Anerkennung der Fracht- als Zolldokumente


Zoll/-

 Fehlende Anerkennung des Frachtbriefs als  Wegfall von Zollkontrollen (innerhalb EU)
Zolldokument

Deutsche Bahn AG | Seite 16 |Statement UNECE Geneva 16.09.2005

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