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Writing Problem and Hypothesis

Statements for Engineering Research(17)


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Setting of work proposal :
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Work problem :
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Quantitative specification of problem :

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Importance of problem :
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Project need : ,
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Work objective : ?
Methodology to achieve objective
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Anticipated results :
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Contribution to field :
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()
Computer graphic capabilities of storing and displaying
2D CT images play an increasingly significant role in brain surgery, in
which surgeons rely upon these digitalized images to ensure success.
However, diagnosing and determining the exact 3D
reconstructed structure of a brain and disease target is extremely
difficult. Besides the complexity involved in explaining the diagnosis to
patients clearly, identifying and determining the position and direction of
the target is also problematic. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that
describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its
severity) In clinical practice, the error in
determining the target position normally exceeds 1 cm. The surgeon
must therefore enlarge the incision of the patients skull.
Such inaccuracy makes high-quality medical care impossible,
not only causing patient injury, but also expending many resources
from the national healthcare system. Therefore, a
planning and navigational system for brain surgery must be developed
based on 3D computer graphics and an infrared ray tracking device.
()
A planning and navigational system for brain surgery can be
developed based on 3D computer graphics and an infrared ray tracking device.
To do so, 2D CT images can be reconstructed to 3D models
and any cross-section can be displayed immediately on a monitor. A tracking
device can then be installed on the surgical instrument to monitor its position
and direction during surgery. Next, the transformation matrix of the
reconstructed 3D model and instruments coordinate systems can be calculated
automatically based on the reference points of the patients face. Additionally,
the instrument can be displayed in the 3D reconstructed image exactly.
As anticipated, the proposed system can enable surgeons to diagnose
maladies and plan the surgery easily and precisely. Besides
enabling surgeons to identify the target properly and simplify operational
procedures, the proposed system can reduce errors of the estimated target to
less than 1 cm, thus minimizing complications and patient trauma. (NOTE :
Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed
method contributes to a particular field or sector)
()
The frequency of embedded Linuxs test has
significantly increased in recent years owing to consumer
demand for audio and video hand-held devices, as well as
increased product diversification. For instance, variable mp3
players are constructed using various hardware platforms, with
each platform requiring a specialized embedded Linux,
explaining the increasingly larger frequency of embedded Linuxs
test. However, the conventional method cannot
verify completeness and validity of embedded Linux efficiently,
thus expending enormous human resources and a prohibitively
high error rate. Moreover, the conventional method cannot verify
the completeness and validity of embedded Linux efficiently,
thus expending enormous human resources and a prohibitively
high error rate. (NOTE : Add 2 more sentences that describe
characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity)
()
For instance, the conventional method
requires roughly 10 months and four qualified staff members.
Additionally, the average error rate is around 5% in a 40,000 line
source code. A prohibitively large amount
of time and human resources spend in verifying the
completeness and validity of Embedded Linux result in increased
overhead costs, thus delaying market delivery and incurring
significant profit loss. Moreover, a high error rate causes
customers to lose confidence in the product quality.
Therefore, a novel method must be developed for verifying
the completeness and validity of Embedded Linux by requiring
only three months and two qualified staff members to do so.
()
A novel method can be developed for verifying the
completeness and validity of Embedded Linux by requiring only three
months and two qualified staff members to do so. To
do so, the proposed method can adopt an automation mechanism to
test Embedded Linux and display the results graphically. Engineers can
select portions of the embedded Linux for testing. The code coverage
for those tests can then be analyzed. Next, according to the code
coverage, whether the tests are complete and whether additional test
patterns are required can be determined. Additionally, error portions of
the Embedded Linux can be corrected based on the test results.
Moreover, the above procedure can be repeated until all tests are
completed, thus satisfying the minimal time requirement via this
automation method. As anticipated, in addition to
completing a test using the code coverage information, the minimal
time requirement can be satisfied using this automation method.
Moreover, minimal human resources can be expended using this
automation method. Furthermore, the average error rate is only 1.5%.
Importantly, the proposed method can lower overhead
costs and increase profit revenues owing to a low error rate. (NOTE :
Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the
proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)
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