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FDMA

a channel access method used in multiple-


access protocols as a channelization protocol.

gives users an individual allocation of one or


several frequency bands, or channels.

Disadvantage: Crosstalk which causes


interference on the other frequency and may
disrupt the transmission.
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FDMA & FDD & FDM

        


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DAMA TYPES

SCPC

MCPC
SCPC

refers to using a single signal at a given frequency and


bandwidth.

used on broadcast satellites to indicate that radio


stations are not multiplexed as subcarriers onto a single
video carrier, but instead independently share a
transponder. I

t may also be used on other communications satellites,


or occasionally on non-satellite transmissions.
SCPC contd..

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simple and reliable technology

low-cost equipment

any bandwidth (up to a full transponder)


usually 64 kbit/s to 50 Mbit/s

easy to add additional receive sites (earth


stations)
r  

inefficient use of satellite bandwidth for burst


transmissions, typically encountered with packet
data transmission

usually requires on-site control

When used in remote locations, the transmitting dish


must be protected.

A dish which is moved out of alignment can result in


fines as high as $1,100 per minute (as of 2003) from
the satellite operator.
MCPC

several subcarriers are combined into a single bitstream


before being modulated onto a carrier transmitted from
a single location to one or more remote sites.

Uses TDM.

The major disadvantage of MCPC is that all of the signals


must be sent to a single place first, then combined for
retransmission.
RESULT: DELAY increases.
SOLN: use SCPC.
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Thank you