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METI (Ministry of Economy, Trade and

Industry) JAPAN

For further development in the


Computer Related Services
(For Seminar on Liberalization in CRS at WTO)

 
2005 September 28
Mr.Akito 
Toi 
Outline of Presentation   METI Japan  

1 . Global Development in IT Industry

2 . Global Development in Computer


 
Related
  Service

3 . Development in Asia

4 . Next Step
 1 . 1 . Global Development in IT Industry
METI Japan  
 
Information service
supports various industries, as a basement in the modern society,
adding values for various products and services.
IT Industries

Automobile

Bio-Industries
Industries

Industries
Financial

E- Government
Adding value for
… various products and
services

Information Service (Computer related Service)


( Business application, computer software etc.) (30%)

Hardware (Computers 、 Mobile Phones etc.) (18%)

Physical Basis
IT infrastructure such as Broad band networks
(53%)

Information Services play an important role for development of


various industries.
(Note: Percentages are based on the world wide ICT market in “OECD Information technology Outlook 2004”)
1.2. Global Development in IT Industry   METI Japan  

Problems CRS Effect

Inefficient product United systems - 24 hour operation


Company A development ( sectors/ - More transparency among
(Transportation sectors/countries countries) sectors/countries
Machinery) - Shorten development periods
for new cars (17 →10 months)

Acceleration of Information - Speedy decision making


Company B speed (process, sharing among (3 weeks → 3 days)
(Construction) decision makings) project members - Procedures for Contract
( 3 days → Immediate)
- Administration cost →almost “0”

Rising cost for -Information - Number of parts


Company C Electronics parts sharing/CAD, SCM ( 35,000→ 3,000)
-Suitable
(Office Machine) (short life-cycle) - Number of stocks
distribution of
parts (Rotation : 2.9 →2.2
month)

Dependence on Home Page - Sales opportunity via-home


Company D Travel Agency set up page ( 42.8%)
(Hotel)
1.3. Global Development in IT Industry   METI Japan  

The outline figure of IT- FRENS&TRACE system

Automated Allocation Explanatory notes


On line reservation of Freights :Dedicated line
:Public line

Client
•Date generalize

  •Mutual server connection


•Other functions
container allocation management
commander support
Information
•Emergency FRENS forwarder support
“TRACE” support
•Container system monitoring etc.
tracking Wireless Allocation
•Ecology
Forwarder’s contribution Management
 
office
Fire
Fire
Wall
Wall
IT-FRENS server
Forklift
Internet/IP-VPN
server
•Allocation
management in
CQIS TRACE container yard
server
•Interface with GPS
Transmission and direction of the date of “IT-
car arrangement and others FRENS” and Driver’s
by radio MCA or cellular phone “TRACE” terminal
Intranet

IT-FRENS terminal ID tag reader


Control center →
support terminal (freight station) forklift

Automatic Output the pickup-


delivery slips and

Quick
the container ID card
transfer slips based

Traceable Cost Reduction on FRENS date Allocation

A‐ 1 B‐ 1 C‐ 1

Accurate A‐ 2 B‐ 2
Container yard
C‐ 2

ID tag
  2.1 Global Development in Computer
Related Service
METI Japan  
MARKET SIZE : Rapidly Growing CRS Market

Billion $
1,200 Africa

1,000 174 Middle East


156
136
800
126 Asia- Pacific
115 340
316
102 104 283
600 102
249
226 Eastern
182 189 206 Europe
400
Western
483 509
200 380 417 450 Europe
345 356 350
Latin America
0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Year Projection After year 2003 North
America
Source: Digital Planet 2004 (WITSA)
Note: Computer Software Spending +Computer Service
  2.2 Global Development in Computer
Related Service
METI Japan  
Computer and Information (Export)

Billion $

50 Chaina RP,mainland

45 Netherland

40 France

35 Sweden

30 Canada

25
Belgium- Luxembourg

20
Spain
Ireland
15
Germany

J apan
10

Ireland
5

U.K.
0
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
U.S.
Year

(Resource) Balance of Payment Year book 2004 (IMF)


( N o t e ) This Graph is based on the figure at "Computer and information, Credit"category.
Mode 3 type transactions and others categories are not considered. Figures of India are not available.
  3.1. Development in Asia   METI Japan  

Rising trend of Export (Export = blue)

China India

250
(100 million Rupies)
6,000

Export Export
200
5,000
Domestic
Domestic
4,000 Use
Billion renminbi

150

3,000

100
2,000

50 1,000

0
0
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
96 97 98 99 2000 2001 2002 2003E

( Source: Nikkei Computer and other statistics compiled by


  3.2. Development in Asia ( Other METI Japan  
market)  
Growing Market (Software Services)
Vietnam million $
80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
2000 2001 2002 Year

Glowing Number of Software Engineers


persons
9,000

8,000

7,000

6,000

5,000

4,000

3,000

2,000

1,000

0
1998 1999 2000 2001 (source)
2002 Nikkei Solution Business 2004.11.15
  3.3. Development in Asia   METI Japan  

 What Japan is doing….


Maintain Liberal regime for CRS (Full commitments in GATS)
-As a result, major IT companies, including Oracle Corp, SAP, ….have an
office in some manner In Japan.
-For Business Solution services, close communication between venders and
users are one of the factor for success.
- As Japanese overseas investment by manufacturing industries increases,
more liberal commitment is necessary.
Cases
140

120

100 Foreign Investment in


80 Japan
60
(Software Industry)
40

20 Cases
0
~80 1981- 85 1986- 90 1991- 1995 1996- 2000 2001- (p)
year
(Sourc: Toyo keizai)
4.1 Next Step   METI Japan  

 Development of IT industries and cross border trade


enable the rapid economic growth to both the developed
countries and developing countries.
 It takes place at manufacturing industries, financial
industries, emerging new services etc.
Therefore we need to accelerate this trend by adopting
various measures such as:      
                   - technology
cooperation            
     - development of human resources
                 - elimination of
trade tariffs and other barriers etc.   
Industries also consider business environment of each
country.
4.2 Next Step (Proposal) METI Japan  

○Acceleration of WTO/CRS negotiation is necessary


 We need to accomplish ambitious and rapid achievement in CRS, in order to meet the quick
pace of the industry: dog year in the IT world.
 In this context, there is a good precedent in the IT sector: ITA (Information Technology
Agreement) agreed in 1996. Liberation of large number of tariff rate realized more open market
in almost all IT products (97% of the world tariffs were liberalized)

○Proposal;
To proceed negotiation as follows.
Mode 1-3: full commitments of free Market Access, National
Treatment of computer and related services, Commitment
CPC 84 (2-digit basis)
Mode 4: To be dealt with under Horizontal Commitments

Why don’t we develop CRS version of ITA?


4.3 Next Step (Proposal) METI Japan  

Simplified messages to business


●Full commitment ◐ Partial commitment ◒ Horizontal commitment

Member 841 842 843 844 845 849 CPC level Remarks

××× ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4 3-digit Full NT in


Mode 4

××× ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4 3-digit  

××× ●1-3◒4 exclude measures relating to content covered by CPC 844 & CPC 849 2-digit  

××× ●1-3◒4 (full Mode 4 MA originally; full NT Mode 1-3)     3-digit  

××× ●1-3◒4 ●1-4 ●1-3◒4 ●1-3◒4   ●1-3◒4 3-digit  

××× ×1-2●3×4 except 843 and 849 2-digit  

×××                

Member
×××
To Close   METI Japan  

For the Win-Win game…

Thank
you.