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Citrix Presentation Server 4.

5:
® TM

Administration
Architectural Overview of
Presentation Server
Server Farm
Atlanta
A server farm is a logical
grouping of servers running
Presentation Server that
Server 1 Server 2 share a
Data store
database data store database

New
York

Server 1 Server 2

Tulsa

Server 1 Server 2

Server Farm
Data Store Database
Atlanta
 The data store database maintains and
tracks static information about the
server farm
 Examples of information stored in the
data store database include:
 Published application information
Server 1 Server 2  Server configuration information
Data store  User configuration information
database  Printer and print driver information
 The data store database can be a
Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL Server
New Express, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle or
IBM DB2 data base
York  Servers can be configured to
communicate directly with the data store
Server 1 Server 2 database or indirectly through another
server

Tulsa

Server 1 Server 2

Server Farm
Local Host Cache
Atlanta
 A local host cache is located
on each server running
Presentation Server
 The local host cache
Local host Local host maintains a subset of the
cache cache
information contained in the
data store database
 If the data store database
New becomes unavailable, each
York
server can continue to
Data store Local host Local host operate using the information
database cache cache in the local host cache
(However, changes to
configuration information
Tulsa
cannot be made until
connection to the data store
Local host Local host database is restored)
cache cache

Server Farm
Zones and Data Collectors
Zone 1 Zone 2 (Sidney)
(London)  A server farm can consist of one or
more zones
 A server farm is typically divided
into zones when the servers in the
server farm are separated
geographically
Data  Each zone has a data collector
Data
collector
collector  The data collector is responsible for
collecting data about the servers in
the zone and communicating that
Zone 3 data to other data collectors in the
(Los Angeles) server farm
Data store
 The first server in the zone is
Data designated as the data collector for
collector
the zone, by default
Independent Management Architecture
Data  The Citrix Independent
Collector
Management Architecture
(IMA) Service is the
framework for server-to-
Independent
Management
Independent
Management
server communications
Architecture Architecture
within the server farm
Independent
 The Citrix IMA Service runs
Management
Architecture on all servers running
Presentation Server
Data
 The Citrix IMA Service uses
Collector TCP/IP port 2512 to send
messages between the
components and services of
Independent Independent Presentation Server
Management Management
Architecture Architecture

Independent
Management
Architecture
License Server
Farm A Farm B
Server 1 Server 3 Server 1 Server 3

License
Server

Data Data
collector collector

Server 2 Server 4 Server 2 Server 4

 All servers in a server farm must be configured to access a license server


containing valid licenses for Presentation Server
 The license server software does not need to be installed on a server
running Presentation Server
 A single license server can be used by one or more server farms
 If connection to the license server is lost, licenses remain available to the
servers running Presentation Server for 30 days
Clients
 Clients allow users to access
External Users Internal Users
the published resources
(applications, content,
desktops) running on the
servers running Presentation
Server
 Client software is available for
Internet DOS, EPOC, Java, UNIX,
Windows, Windows CE, OS/2
and Macintosh operating
systems
Independent  Clients communicate using
Independent
Computing
Architecture
the Independent Computing
Computing Architecture (ICA) protocol
Architecture
over TCP/IP port 1494
 The ICA protocol transmits
the screen updates, mouse
clicks and keystrokes
between the client and the
Firewall

server using virtual channels

Server Farm
Web Interface and Secure Gateway
Public Demilitarized Server Farm
Network Zone

Internet
Secure Ticket Authority
Secure
Gateway

Firewall
Firewall

Web
External
Interface Internal Users
Users
 The Web Interface provides users with access to published
applications and content through a standard web browser or the
Program Neighborhood Agent client
 Secure Gateway provides a secure encrypted channel for HTTP and
ICA traffic over the Internet
 The Secure Gateway server contacts the Secure Ticket Authority on a
server running Presentation Server to authenticate and authorize
connections to the server farm through session tickets