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‡ All MCC modules are switched µON' and
are kept on µAuto¶
‡ Lube Oil Level is OK & Oil temp. normal
‡ Select ³Cooldown On´ and ensure that the AC
Lube Oil Pumps starts & Ratcheting is OK.
‡ Start EOP and ensure that the pressure
developed is OK
‡ Cooling Water level is OK
‡ Visual Inspection of Machine is OK

     

    

Normal Start
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Operator selects ´CRANK / FIRE /AUTOµ 

Protections System checks Ready to Start Permisives:


01. Generator Lockout Relay is Reset
02. Turbine is at Zero Speed
03. Overspeed Bolt is Reset
04. Flame is not Detected in all Scanners
05. Compressor Bleed valves are Open
06. ¶OFF · is not Selected
07. IGV is Closed
08. Master protective ¶4· Logic is Reset
09. <R> <S> and <T> Master Protectives agree
10. Emergency Lube Oil Pump Voltage is Normal
11. Diesel Test is not in Progress
12. <R> <S> and <T> Communication links are Healthy
13. Generator Breaker is Open
14. Auxiliaries are healthy and Fuel System Faults are Reset
Cont·d

     

    
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Cont·d
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¶READY TO START· displayed

Operator presses ´STARTµ then ¶Execute·

1. Start Counter is incremented.


2. AC Lube Oil Pump is started, if not already started.
3. Ratcheting Motor is started & Starting Jaw Clutch is
engaged (if unit is ¶Off Cool down·)
4. Master Protective System Energizes (L4)
´STARTINGµ Displayed
1. Auxiliary Hydraulic Pump started
2. Diesel Engine is started. It idles for 2 min.
3. Diesel Engine accelerates to its intermediate speed
4. After the diesel warm up time Hydraulic Ratchet pump
Starts and carries out continuous ratchet
4. Turbine Breaks away and the Ratchet pump stops

     

    
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Cont·d ´CRANKINGµ Displayed

1. Turbine reaches cranking speed (about 19%).


2. The Turbine is purged for 5 min.
3. Turbine Purge Timer times out.
´FIRINGµ Displayed
1. Ignition Relay is energised (2TVX. Spark Plugs are
energised
2. 60 sec Firing Timer is started.


     

    
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NO On
|  Liquid
YES
Permissible for SRV & GCV enabled

Energises Liquid Fuel Trip Solenoid (20 FL)


Energises Fuel Pump Clutch Solenoid (20 CF)
Permissive for Fuel Bypass valve to operate as
established by the digital command FQROUT
Starts Booster Atomizing Air Compressor

Fuel Stroke Reference (FSR) is set to Firing Value Opening of


GCV / closing of Bypass valve depends on this.

Flame is
detected in
NO YES FSR cuts back to
2 out of 4 scanner
WARM-UP value.
´Failure to Igniteµ alarm and is steady
appears Turbine on Crank for 2 secs
´WARM UPµ displayed
Mode

     

    
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Cont·d
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Warm Up Timer starts 60 seconds).
Compartment vent Fans started.
Fired Starts Counter incremented. Fired Hours timer energised.

After warm-up time, Diesel Engine Accelerates to its full speed


FSR is increased at a predetermined rate to accelerate the Turbine.
´ACCELERATINGµ Displayed
At approximately 55 to 60% speed, starting Clutch is automatically
disengaged. Diesel Engine cuts back to idle speed and is stopped after
5 min cooldown timer.
Turbine is now self sustaining and accelerates on its own
-,./%&01
2$%3&03)+045. 2 2%33$0$%64$%07
At ~ 95 % speed,
Compressor Bleed Valves are closed
Aux Lube Oil Pump & Aux Hydraulic Pumps are stoped
Turbine Exhaust Frame Cooling fans are started (88 TKI & 2)


     

    
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On Yes
|  GAS Energises Atomizing Air
Bypass Solenoid Valve

N0
´ FULL SPEED NO LOAD´ Displayed

Enables Manual Raise/Lower of Turbine Speed Reference to


Synchronize the Unit.

If Auto Synch permissive are OK, Generator and line are present
and above minimums, the Control System will modulate FSR to
bring Speed to match the station line frequency and closes
Generator Breaker when Phase angle is OK.

Depending upon Load Mode Selection , Turbine is Loaded to the


Reference and load maintained.

´PART LOAD / PRE SELECTED LOAD/


BASE LOAD ´ Displayed


     

    
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‡ Flame is sensed in all Flame Scanners
‡ Exhaust Temperatures are uniform and Spread is
normal
‡ Acceleration is Smooth and Time taken is in line
with earlier values
‡ Rise in Exhaust Temperature is Uniform
‡ Exhaust Temperature profile is OK and
Spread Values are within Limits

     

    


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‡ Rise in Wheelspace Temperature is Uniform
‡ Vibrations are within Limits and as per earlier
values
‡ Bearing Oil Drain Temperatures are Normal
‡ Opening of Jaw Clutch is at approx. at the same
Speed as earlier


     

    


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‡ Lube Oil ‡ Lube Oil Header


‡ Hydraulic Oil ‡ Brg. Drains
‡ Trip Oil ‡ Comp. Inlet
‡ Comp. Discharge ‡ Comp. Discharge
‡ Inlet Air Filter DP ‡ Exhaust
‡ Cooling water ‡ Wheelspace
‡ Cooling Water Outlet

     

    
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‡ Vibrations ‡ Voltage
‡ Noise, Rubs ‡ Current
‡ Startup Time ‡ Load
‡ Coast Down Time ‡ Stator Temperatures
‡ Fired Starts
‡ Fired Hours

     

    
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‡ Start up
‡ Load Hunting
‡ Combustion Trouble
‡ Lower Loads
‡ Higher Temperatures


     

    
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‡ Do not Force any Logic for Startup
‡ Do not attempt Subsequent Starts Without
Troubleshooting if M/C trips during Startup
‡ Record the trends & Analyze present Operation
>>Load Vs Exhaust Temperatures
>>Load Vs CPD
>>Load Vs FSR
>>Load Vs Vibration
‡ Use trend Data from Mark IV/V to Notice incipient
Problems 
     

    
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3=!&6'$3
‡ Gas turbine Shut Down can be achieved by
Two Means
‡ Normal or Fired Shut Down
‡ Emergency Shut down
Manual Emergency Shut Down
Protective Emergency Shut Down


     

    


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$603=
‡ Normal Shut Down Reduces the Fuel to the
Turbine in a Controlled way (up to 20% of
speed and shuts of the Fuel Totally)so as to
Reduce overall Thermal Shock to Turbine
Internals
‡ It is Executed by using ³STOP´ Push
Button on ³Unit Control Page´
‡ This is the most Preferred Shut Down Mode


     

    


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‡ Shuts of the Fuel immediately by closing
Fuel Stop Valves
‡ Manual Emergency Stop to be used
Judiciously
‡ Emergency Push Buttons are Provided on
-Mark IV/V Panel / Control Desk
-The Manual Push Lever on Over Speed Bolt


     

    


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‡ Crank the Turbine once in a Fortnight to


drive away Moisture
‡ Check Battery system, Oil levels etc.


     

    
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63$3(%:
‡ 6$'63$3%(%:%
>>Over Speed
>>High Exhaust Temperature
>>Low Lube Oil Pressure
>>Low Trip Oil Pressure
>>High Lube Oil Temperature
>>Loss of Flame
>>High Vibration

     

    
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63$3(%:%30???
>>Combustion Monitoring
>>Customer Trip
>>Fire Detection in Compartment Enclosures
>>Generator Class µA¶ Trip
‡ 9'$'63$3%
>>Over Speed Bolt
>>Trip Out Devices Based on Low Trip Oil
>>Manual Emergency Trip Device

     

    
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!@6 :&6'6'6:; 6$&


TTXM A To Alarm Message &
A>B Speed Set Point Lower
TTKOT3 B

TTRX
A
A>B OR
TTKOT2 B

A
A>B To
TTKOT1 B LATCH Master
SET
L86MR1 RESET Protection
Alarm &
Trip

     

    
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TRIP

TTXM TTKOT2
Temp.
Feedback TTKOT3 TRIP

ALARM

TTRX(Temp. Control
Reference)

Compressor Pressure Discharge



     

    
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2$A6'$3&63$3
‡ Standard Vibration Measurements used for
Tripping GT are Velocity Type on Bearing
Housing
‡ Alarm setting = 0.5´ / sec
Trip setting = 1.0´ / sec
‡ Total System is Tested for Integrity during
Turbine Shut Down by Mark IV / V Panel

     

    


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2$A6'$363$3
If All Gas Turbine Sensors
are Disabled or Faulty
OR T

If All Generator Sensors are GROUP


are Disabled or Faulty DISABLED
ALARM &
TRIP
If 3 or more GT Sensors
are Disabled or Faulty

OR T
If 2 or more Generator START
sensors Disabled or faulty INHIBIT


     

    


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2$A6'$3 6$&
Adjacent Sensor
OPTVTD

Any Trip and if any Adj.


Pair Disabled or Alarmed
SET L39VGTT
Any Trip and any Alarm AND
OR T LATCH
from other Sensor
Gas Turbine
Any Trip and if 2 or more RESET Trip
Sensors are Disabled

RESET

Any Trip and Any Alarm SET


L39VGT
from another Sensor AND
OR T LATCH
Any Trip if 2 Sensor Generator
Inputs or Disabled RESET Trip

     

    


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2$A6'$3 6$&30??
L39VGTT L39VT
OR
L39VGT HIGH
VIBRATION
TRIP

BB 1 +
_
A
A >B T
B OR
BB 2
Vibration
LK39DIFF Differential
Alarm
OTHER SIMILAR
GROUPS


     

    


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‡ Exhaust Temperature Spreads are the
Result of Uneven Combustion in all the
Combustion Chambers
‡ Combustion Monitoring is Built in
Mark IV/V
‡ Combustion Monitoring is Enabled after
Machine Reaches FSNL

     

    
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'%&6'0''$3%
‡ Actual Spread
))TTXSP1 : Highest - Lowest TC
))TTXSP2 : Highest - 2 nd Lowest TC
))TTXSP3 : Highest - 3 rd Lowest TC
‡ Allowable Spread ( TTXSPL )
= 0.145 TTXC - 0.08 CTDA + 30 deg F
‡ During Dynamic Conditions the Allowable
Spread is Increased

     

    
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6$&30$$3%
? TTXSP1 > TTXSPL and
TTXSP2 > 0.8 TTXSPL and
The two Lowest TCs are adjacent
? TTXSP1 > 5 TTXSPL and
TTXSP2 > 0.8 TTXSPL and
The 2nd and 3rd Lowest TCs are Adjacent
? All Spreads are > TTXSPL
6$&B(3>'A3@30$$3%$%%
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