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Presented by Shiraz naseer Salamat ali Abid anwar Syed hsahim

y In early January 1989, Irfan Mustafa, General Manager,

Personal Products and Market Research, Lever Brothers Pakistan Limited, was wondering what action to take regarding the marketing of the laundry detergent bar RIN, which had been introduced to the Pakistani market in April 1984. y The product was specially formulated and promoted as a fabric washer. Mr. Mustafa felt the sales volumes for RIN had reached reasonably satisfactory levels in 1988. However, a recent survey confirmed his suspicion that RIN was primarily being used for dish washing.

y Since the time Unilever Pakistan began its operations in 1948, the Company has been closely connected to the Pakistani people and its brands have been an integral feature in their daily lives. y The company had a turnover of Rs. 23.3 bn (Euro 309 mn) in 2007, and enjoys a leading position in most of its core Home and Personal Care and Foods categories, e.g. Personal Wash, Personal Care, Laundry, Beverages (Tea) and Ice Cream.


y In 1988, the total fabric wash sale of 263,050 tones in Pakistan consisted of247000 tones of laundry soap, 14500 of non soap detergents and 1550 NSD bars. y The market for laundry soap, NSD detergent and NSD bars grew by 5%, 12% and 29%. y Lever had no entry in laundry soap segment, butt its two brands of NSD powder surf and sunlight had captured 50% of powder market. y Liver did not have any formal product entry in dishwashing market since late 1987. lever had introduced sunlight dish wash in 1985 butt brand could not establish itself.

y Blue non soap detergent Introduced in 1984, and was priced to sell at retail for 2.95 per pack of 130 gm. y Rs 5 million promotion and advertising budget support the introduction of the product in the market.

A little amount of RIN washes a large lot of clothes . This is the main phrase of commercial. y Sale of RIN in the first three years disappointed never crossing 700tones per year. In march the price of 130 gram packaging raised to 3.15.

y Several consumer production schemes were used for RIN but,

according to Mustafa non of then was successful.

y A Rs 0.50 price off campaign from august to December 1984

raised sale by only 10% against an expected 50% increase.

y A Rs 0.70 price of campaign was expected to increase sale by

50%, again only a 10% increase is sales assured.

y However in 1989 different consumer promotion schemes have



y Delivering of free samples of RIN to major cities of Pakistan. y In addition promotional shows were arranged and several decorative items used in promoting RIN. y In June 1986package size reduced to 125 gm and a new 250 gm size introduced. y A new media campaign against laundry soups was launched in which is well known movie star launch RIN. y since the RIN was launched, trade promotion for the product was limited to offer of one free bar for every dozen bar ordered.

y RIN was currently distributed through 315 distributors to 60000 retail outlets in Pakistan. y The retail margin had remained at 7.4% since the RIN was introduced to market .

y In September 1988, Mr mustafa asked the domestic research bureau of Lever to conduct a consumer survey. y The survey cost 50,000 and conducted in 12 sample cities of Pakistan. y Only 50% of the respondent surveyed were using fabric washing and 65% using it as dish washing. y The result was that the RIN was primarily used for dishwashing despite using for fabric wash. y R&d department had informed to mustafa that eliminating wash fabric from RIN would reduce its variable cost by 33% without affecting its dishwashing performance.

Marketing strategy
y RIN have to adopt Market Repositioning y Re-positioning involves changing the identity of a

product, relative to the identity of competing products, in the collective minds of the target market. y It involves:
y Using objectivity and creativity to develop the best

business repositioning strategies for your company y Utilising careful market research and analysis y Planning a product repositioning strategy y Analysing strengths and maximising competitive advantages

y Reposition brand internally y Carry out consumer analysis y Competitive analysis y Fine tune your advertising strategy y Create good relationship with trade partner and

channel members y carry out assessment of brand position