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Cold Chain Logistics

Group Members
Neha Dand 7720 Prajakta Dewakar 7723 Shailie Jain 7741 Sweety Jain 7742 Maitry Lodaya 7755 Jaya Madhwani 7757

What is Cold Chain?

Cold chain is:

Temperature controlled supply chain. Series of facilities for maintaining ideal storage condition. Usage from farm to retailers. Helps to increase the self life of the following: Agricultural Produce Frozen food Pharmaceuticals Drugs Chemicals

Constituents of cold chain logistics

Pre-cooling facilities Cold storages Refrigerated Carriers Packaging Warehouse and information management systems Traceability Financial and insurance institutions

Cold chain containers:

Commonly known as articulated lorries. Location benefit. Temperature capacity of -10 degrees to +60 degrees. Operation and powered by electricity by using 220 volts to 440 volts

Cold chain containers can be ideally used for:

Fruits and vegetables Meat and seafood Resin and plastic Beer and wine Pharmaceuticals and animal vaccines Ice cream and frozen yoghurt

Supply cold chain:

Also called refrigerated centres. Helps in distribution of perishable and temperature sensitive products. Supply cold chain of Rs 10000 to Rs 15000 crore. Cold chain industry in India is over 100 years old. Stationery cold storage 80% Mobile cold storage 20% Huge capacity addition in next three decades.

Benefits of well organized cold chain

Reduction in spoilage. Retainment of quality. Cost efficient delivery to customers.

Objectives of cold chain

Well maintained cold chain helps to:
Reduce costs Improve product integrity Increase customer satisfaction Reduce wastage and returns of expiry stock

Industrial uses of cold chain:

Food industry Pharmaceutical industry Chemical shipment Supply of vaccines

Cold chain management:

Helps in maintaining appropriate temperature regime. Helps cost conscious industry. Government regulations. Recent development in electronic tagging.

Control of cold chain:

Proper documentation. Established protocols. Creation of proper commercial invoice. Demonstration of the process.

Food supply chain cluster:

Meaning Participation of all stakeholders. Sharing of information. Internet and mobile communication usage. Recent advancement in RFID technology.

Food supply chain cluster:

Walmart, Tesco master of Food supply chain Too many intermediaries. No real channel master managing demand supply situation. High potential of retail FDI.

Problems with Food supply chain cluster:

High instrastructure capital outlays. Few food manufacturers in India. High tax proceeds and import duties. Nascent contract. Risk associated. Country risk. Monsoon risks. Supply failure.

Current status of cold storage in India:





India accounts for 10% and 13% of world fruits and vegetable production 35 - 40% of all perishable food produce in India is spoilt before reaching the end consumer This wastage is more than the total production of fresh fruits and vegetables in Great Britain. Use of very low level technology results in high electricity use Average utilization: 6 months a year

Cold Chain Infrastructure in India

Nascent Stage. Fragmented and unorganized. Estimated Size around Rs 80-100 Billion. The industry is growing at 22% per annum. Estimated growth to Rs 400 billion by 2015. Recent recommendations by task force on its development.

Cold Chain Markets in India:

Market can be divided into two segments:

Surface Storage
consists of refrigerated warehouses for storage.

Refrigerated Transport
Involves usage of refrigerated transport vehicles for transportation.

Cold chain equipments in India:

Refrigerated warehouses

Modified atmosphere warehouse:

Refrigerated transport vehicles:

Mobile pre-cooling vans:

Commodity wise distribution of major cold storages in India

Commodity Potato Multi purpose Fruits and vegetables Fish Meat Diary and milk others Percent of Cold Chain 92.82 7.63 1.07 0.73 0.15 0.68 0.36

Cold storage warehouses in Airports:

 Refrigerated warehouses for perishable cargoes in:
Cochin International Airport. Mumbai International Airport. Delhi International Airport. Greenfield International Airport.

Logistical activities in Airport

Cold chain policy:

100% FDI . Budget 2008-2009. Back end logistics. 16% savings. Spire group.

Top refrigerated warehouses

Millard refrigerated warehouses, Canada Preferred freezer services, China Inland cold storage, USA Richmond cold storage company, USA Oxford logistics group, Australia

Scope of cold chain logistics:

Temperature-Humidity Monitoring
ZONER devices. Provide security.

Real-Time Alerts for Corrective Actions

RELAYER to the data centre Exceptions The shipper and carrier management.

Cold Chain Monitoring Solution:

Electronic cargo tracking system.

Real-Time Locating During Cold Chain Transport

Role-based web accesses. 100% visibility of the shipment. Geo-fencing monitoring

End-to-End Cold Chain Monitoring

Reefer door open-close.

Case study 1 Everest Biotech s distribution challenge met by Life Science Logistics

Client Challenge:
How does a small biotech firm based in U.S and manufacturing in Nepal offer next day service to its U.S client base?

Client Challenge:
Foundation year 2000. Kathmandu to Oxfordshire. Catalogue lists of 1500 antibodies. 45 new products. Re-branding vendors. Direct sales to customers. Quick and reliable service. Over night delivery.

Perishable nature of products Large initial size. Rapid growth of catalogue.

Outsource U.S. distribution and store a complete inventory of catalogued products with Life Science Logistics.
Tracking inventory. Plan replenishments Taking orders remotely LSL, Kentucky

Everest Biotech is able to offer next-day delivery to its U.S. customers, and its direct brand sales double in three months.
100% accuracy in order and inventory. Plan to add a call centre.

Case Study 2 Koldstar

Country s economic growth Rapidly growing demand for service. Integration of technologies in Europe and USA. Activities Mission Vision - Establishment of efficient materials management physical distribution network