Sie sind auf Seite 1von 84

2008-05

Security Level: Internal Use

HUAWEI BTS3900A Hardware Structure

ISSUE4.1

www.huawei.com

Wireless Case and training

HUAWEI Confidential

The BTS3900A developed by Huawei is an outdoor macro BTS that performs the same tasks as the BTS3900. The BTS3900A mainly consists of the BBU and DRFUs. Compared with traditional BTSs, the BTS3900A features simpler structure and higher integration.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 2

Know the functions and features of BTS3900A Master the Hardware structure and function of BTS3900A Master the Network topologies of BTS3900A

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 3

BTS3900A Product Description V300R008_02) BTS3900A Hardware Description V300R008_02) BTS3900A Installation Guide V300R008_02) APM30 User Guide

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 4

Chapter 1 BTS3900A System Description Chapter 2 BTS3900A Hardware Structure Chapter 3 BTS3900A Network Topology

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 5

Location
Um Interface

MS BTS3900A BSC A Interface MS

TUP,ISUP

PSTN ISDN PSPDN

MSC/VLR MAP BTS3900A


M AP

BTS MS MS: Mobile Station HLR: Home Location Register MSC: Mobile Switching Center VM: Voice Mailbox BTS3900A OMC BTS: Base Transceiver Station AUC: Authentication Center VLR: Visitor Location Register

HLR/AUC/EIR

SMC/VM

BSC: Base Station Controller EIR: Equipment Identity Register SMC: Short Message Center DBS Distributed Base Station

OMC: Operation and Maintenance Center

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 6

Chapter 1 BTS3900A System Description Chapter 2 BTS3900A Hardware Structure Chapter 3 BTS3900A Network Topology

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 7

Component
Board/M odule
BSBC UEIU GTMU UELP UBFA UPEU DRFU GATM DCDU FMUA FAN -

Full Spelling

Parts Configured in a Single Cabinet Full Configuration Minimum Configuration

Universal BBU Subrack Backplane type C (2U) Universal Environment Interface Unit GSM Transmission & Management Unit for BBU Universal E1/T1 Lightning Protection unit Universal BBU Fan unit type A (2U)

1 1 1 1 1

1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 2 1 2 1 1

Universal Power and Environment interface 2 Unit Double Radio Filter Unit GSM Antenna and TMA Control module Direct Current Distribution Unit Fan Environment Monitor Fan Module Door Status Sensor Smoke Sensor 6 2 2 1 2 1 1

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 8

Section 1 System Structure Section 2 PD Cabinet Hardware Component Section 3 RF Cabinet Hardware Component Section 4 DRFU Work Mode

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 9

BTS3900A Cabinet
The

BTS3900A cabinet is designed in

compliance with the IEC297 standard. It is a vertical cabinet and white in color.

Configuration Type
RF cabinet

Width (mm)
600

Depth (mm)
480 480 480

Height (mm)
700 700 200

APM30 power distribution 600 cabinet Cabinet base 600

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 10

BTS3900A Typical Hardware Configuration


Cabinet

structure based on the extended


RF cabinet and the APM30 power RF cabinet and the APM30 power RF cabinet, APM30 power distribution

cabinet configuration includes


6RFU

distribution cabinet.
3RFU

distribution cabinet.
6RFU

cabinet, extended APM30 transmission cabinet, and extended APM30 battery cabinet.
(1) RF cabinet (2) Double radio filter unit (3) Fan module

(4) Fan environment monitor (5) Direct current (6) GSM antenna distribution unit (four outputs) and TMA control module (7) Baseband unit (10) APM30 power distribution cabinet (8) Power distribution unit (9) EPS4890 -

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 11

BTS3900A Typical Hardware Configuration


Cabinet

structure based on the extended


RF cabinet and the APM30 power RF cabinet and the APM30 power RF cabinet, APM30 power distribution

cabinet configuration includes


6RFU

distribution cabinet.
3RFU

distribution cabinet.
6RFU

cabinet, extended APM30 transmission cabinet, and extended APM30 battery cabinet.
(1) Battery (4) Fan module (2) RF cabinet (3) Double radio filter unit

(5) Fan environment (6) Direct current monitor distribution unit (four outputs) (8) Baseband unit (9) Power distribution unit

(7) GSM antenna and TMA control module (10) EPS4890

(11) APM30 power distribution cabinet

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 12

BTS3900A Typical Hardware Structure


Cabinet

structure based on the extended


RF cabinet and the APM30 power RF cabinet and the APM30 power RF cabinet, APM30 power distribution

cabinet configuration includes


6RFU

distribution cabinet.
3RFU

distribution cabinet.
6RFU

cabinet, extended APM30 transmission cabinet, and extended APM30 battery cabinet.
(1) RF cabinet (4) Fan environment monitor (7) Baseband unit (10) APM30 power distribution cabinet (13) Extended APM30 transmission cabinet (2) Double radio filter unit (3) Fan module (5) Direct current distribution (6) GSM antenna and unit (four outputs) TMA control module (8) Power distribution unit (11) Direct current distribution unit (nine outputs) (14) Battery (9) EPS4890 (12) Transmission unit

(15) Extended APM30 battery cabinet

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 13

BTS3900A Local Structure

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 14

Section 1 System Structure Section 2 PD Cabinet Hardware Component Section 3 RF Cabinet Hardware Component Section 4 DRFU Work Mode

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 15

Power Distribution Cabinet Hardware Components


BBU Power APMI AFMU PDU GATM Heater Battery Sensors

Frame (AC/DC)

Module

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 16

BBU Logical Structure

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 17

BBU Hardware Structure


The typical power consumption of the BBU is 35 W. The weight of the BBU isnt more than 10KG. The BBU is a small box with all the external ports on the front panel. The BBU3900 boards consist of the BSBC, UEIU, GTMU, and UELP; the BBU3900 modules consist of the UBFA and the UPEU.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 18

BBU Board--BSBC
The

BSBC is the backplane of the BBU. The BSBC provides eight universal BBU sub-rack backplane type C (2U) (BSBC) provides

board slots, two power slots, and one fan slot.


The

backplane interfaces for communication between boards and supplies power for boards.
The

GTMU is located in slots 5 and 6, slot 7 for a main control board

that supports 3G, and other ports are as common slots.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 19

BBU Board--GTMU
The

GSM transmission, timing, and management unit for BBU

(GTMU) controls and manages the entire BTS. It provides interfaces related to The GTMU performs the followingOM, and external alarm collection. the reference clock, power supply, functions:
Controls, Supports

maintains, and operates the BTS. fault management, configuration management, performance management, and security management. Supports the monitoring of the fan module and power supply module. Distributes and manages BTS3900 clock signals. Provides clock input for testing. Provides port for terminal maintenance. Supports four E1 inputs. Provides CPRI ports for communication with the RF modules .

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 20

BBU Board--GTMU
Ports

on the Panel
Type Description

Port
CPRI0 CPRI5 ETH FE0

SFP connector Provides the input and output of optical and electrical transmission signals RJ45 connector RJ45 connector Local maintenance and commissioning A reserved port that performs the following function: Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the Ethernet cable to transmit network information

FE1

DLC connector A reserved port that performs the following function: Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the optical cable to transmit network information USB connectorA reserved port that performs the following function: Automatically upgrades the software through the USB disk USB connectorTesting of the output clock signals by using a tester DB26 male connector Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the GTMU and the UELP or between the GTMU and the BSC.

USB TST E1/T1

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 21

BBU Board--GTMU
LEDs

on the board
Color
Green On Off Blinking once every two seconds Blinking once every four seconds Blinking four times per second

LED
RUN

Status

Description
The board is faulty. There is no power supply or the board is faulty. The board is operational. The OML link is abnormal. The board is loading software. A fault occurs in the running board. An alarm is not generated. The board is operational. The board is faulty. A local E1/T1 alarm is generated. A remote E1/T1 alarm is generated. This link is not used or the alarm is cleared. The CPRI link is functional. The reception of the optical module is abnormal and an alarm is generated.

ALM ACT LIU0LIU3

Red Green Green

On Off On Off On Blinking four times per second Off

CPRI0 CPRI5

Green Red

On On

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 22

BBU Board--GTMU

DIP Switch
DIP Switch DIP Status 1 2
ON ON OFF The E1 impedance is set to 75 . The E1 impedance is set to 120 . The T1 impedance is set to 100 .

Description

SW1

ON OFF ON

DIP Switch 1
SW2 ON OFF ON

DIP Status 2
ON OFF

Description 4
ON OFF The E1 cable is grounded. The E1 cable is not grounded.

OFF

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 23

BBU Board--GTMU

DIP Switch
DIP Status 1 2
ON

DIP Switch

Description 4
ON OFF The E1 link can be bypassed. The E1 link cannot be bypassed.

3
ON OFF

SW4

ON

OFF OFF

DIP Switch 1
SW5 ON OFF ON OFF ON OFF

DIP Status 2
ON ON

Description 4
ON OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
The E1 link cannot be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 1 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 2 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 3 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 4 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 5 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.

3
ON ON

OFF ON OFF ON ON ON OFF OFF

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 24

BBU Module--UBFA
The

universal BBU fan unit type A (2U) (UBFA) communicates with

the GTMU to regulate the temperature, adjust the fan speed, and report alarms. The UBFA module is hot swappable.
LED
STATE

Color

Status

Description

Green Blinking twice per The board is not securely second connected. An alarm is not generated. Red On An alarm is generated.

Green Blinking once every two seconds

The board operates normally.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 25

BBU Module--UPEU
The

universal power and environment interface unit type A/B

((UPEU) supports the 48 V DC(UPEA)/+24V(UPEB) power input, supplies power to the boards, modules, and fan in the BBU, and provides access to multiple environment monitoring signals. The UPEU performs the following functions:
Supplies

power to the boards, modules, and fans. Introduces environment monitoring signals to the BBU. Reports fault signals, in-position signals, and version information associated with the boards and modules.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 26

BBU Module--UPEU
Ports

on the Panel
Connector
3V3 RJ45 RJ45 RJ45 RJ45 Transmitting two RS485 environment monitoring signals

Label
PWR EXT-ALM1 EXT-ALM0 MON1 MON0

Description
+24 V/-48 V DC power input Transmitting eight dry contact alarms

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 27

BBU Board--UEIU
The

universal environment interface unit (UEIU) supports multiple

environment monitoring signals. The UEIU supports eight Boolean alarm signals and two RS485 environment monitoring signals.
The

UEIU is optional. It is configured when the environment interfaces

are insufficient.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 28

BBU ModuleUEIU
Ports

on the Panel
Connector
RJ45 RJ45 RJ45 RJ45 Transmitting two RS485 environment monitoring signals

Label
EXT-ALM1 EXT-ALM0 MON1 MON0

Description
Transmitting eight dry contact alarms

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 29

BBU Board--UELP
The

universal E1/T1 lightning protection unit (UELP) provides lightning protection for four E1/T1 signals.

Port INSIDE OUTSIDE

Type DB25 male connector DB26 male connector

Cable E1 transfer cable of the BBU E1/T1 cables of the BBU

Description Transfers the four E1/T1 signals between the UELP and the GTMU Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the BBU and the BSC

The

UELP has one DIP switch, which is used to set the impedance on
DIP Status 3 ON OFF Description

the E1/T1 port. There are four DIP bits on the DIP switch.
DIP Switch 1 S1 ON OFF 2 ON OFF 4 ON OFF The E1 impedance is set to 75 ohms. The E1 is grounded (unbalanced mode). Other modes

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 30

BBU Cable connection


The

BBU3900 cables are classified into the PGND cable, -48VDC

power cable, E1/T1 cable, E1 transfer cable, environment monitoring signal cable, CPRI signal cable between the BBU and the RRU, and BBU monitoring signal cable.
The

cable connection relations of the BBU are as follows:

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 31

BBU Cables

The cables figure of the BBU

-48VDC power cables

E1 transfer cable

FE cable

CPRI optical cable

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 32

BBU Cables

The cables figure of the BBU

Monitoring signal cable between the APM and the BBU

(1)RJ45 Connector

(2) Cord end terminal

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 33

Power Subrack (AC/DC)


Power

Subrack (AC/DC) connects with external 220VAC power input.

The 220VAC power is converted to -48VDC power and then connects with DCDU module.

PMU (Power and Environment Monitoring Unit) module manages the power supply and batteries. The DPMU is the core of the power monitoring system. PSU (Power Supply Unit) module Converts the 220 V AC power into the -48 V DC power. Wiring unit is used to connect with 220VAC power input cable and connects the cable from DCDU module.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 34

Power Subrack (AC/DC)PMU Module


The

DPMU manages the power supply and batteries. The DPMU is DPMU performs the following functions:
with the central processing unit through the RS232/RS422

the core of the power monitoring system.


The
Communicates

serial port.
Manages Detects

the power system and the battery charging and discharging.

and reports water damage alarms, smoke alarms, door status

alarms, and standby Boolean value alarms; reports ambient humidity and temperature, battery temperature, and standby analog values.
Detects

power distribution and reports alarms, and also reports dry

contact alarms.

(1) LEDs (3) RS232/RS422 ports

(2) Power supply test ports (4) Battery control switch -

(1) Backplane port

(2) DIP switch

(5) COM port

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 35

Power Subrack (AC/DC)PMU Module


Ports

on the panel
Function

Ports

RS232/RS422 Used in communication with the central processing unit. port Battery switch The battery switch has two control ports ON and OFF, which are used for switching on and switching off the battery. Press and hold the port ON for 5-10 seconds to switch on the battery. Press and hold the port OFF for 5-10 seconds to switch off the battery. Power supply Two power supply test holes -48V and 0V are available for measurement test port through an ordinary multi-meter. COM port Used in connection to the external signal transfer board.

Backplane port Used in connection to the backplane.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 36

Power Subrack (AC/DC)PMU Module


LED

on the module
Status
Blinking once every two seconds

LED
RUN

Color
Green

Meaning
The module is functional, and the communication with the central processing unit is normal.

Blinking four times per The module is functional, but the communication with the second central processing unit fails. Steady on/steady off ALM Red On The module is faulty (not in the power-on self-check state). The following alarms are generated: Mains over-voltage or under-voltage alarm Busbar over-voltage or unde-rvoltage alarm Battery charging over-current alarm Battery shutdown alarm Batteries loop failure alarm Ambient temperature alarm Ambient humidity alarm Water damage alarm Smoke alarm Power module alarm Load shutdown alarm No alarm is generated.

Off

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 37

Power Subrack (AC/DC)PMU Module


DIP

Switch
Bit 2
0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1

Bit 3
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Bit 1
0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1

Bit 0
0000 0001 0010 0011 0100 0101 0110 0111 1000 1001 1010 1011 1100 1101 1110 1111

Monitoring Address

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 38

Power Subrack (AC/DC)PSU Module


The

PSU (AC/DC) has the following functions:


the 220 V AC power into the -48 V DC power alarms related to module faults (such as output

Converts Monitors

overvoltage, no output, and fan faults), alarms related to module protection (such as overtemperature protection, and input overvoltage/undervoltage protection), and power failure alarm
Monitors

the charging and discharging of the batteries

LED
Power input LED (top)

Color
Green

Status
On Off Off On Off On Normal.

Meaning
There is no AC power input or the fuse is damaged. Normal. Power protection for the PSU is being triggered, for example, upon input undervoltage/overvoltage or overtemperature. Normal. Irrecoverable fault occurs inside the PSU. For example, the fault can be output overvoltage, no outputs, or fan fault.
HUAWEI Confidential
Page 39

Power Yellow protection LED (middle) Power failure Red LED (bottom)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Power Subrack (AC/DC)Wiring Unit


The

power subrack works in the following environment:


wiring unit is connected to the external power supply through the terminals

The

L and N wires, and leads the power to the PSU (AC/DC) through the backplane.
The The The

PSU (AC/DC) converts the input AC power into the -48 V DC power. DPMU monitors the operating status of the PSU (AC/DC). wiring unit provides -48 V DC power outputs through LOAD1(-), LOAD2(-),

and RTN(+).

(1) PMU Module

(2) PSU Module (AC/DC)

(3) Wiring Unit

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 40

APMI Board
The

APMI board refers to APM Power Monitor unit Interface board. The

APMI board is located at the upper left corner of the APM30 cabinet, and performs the following functions:
Transfers

the APM30 serial port communication signals, Boolean

input/output signals, and EMI signals.


Protects

the dry contact input/output signals and RS485 signals

(connected to the BBU/BTS)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 41

APMI Board
Port

on the panel
Connector Type
RJ45 connector 2-pin molex connector 2-pin molex connector 2-pin molex connector

Port
RS422 TX+, TX-, RX+, RXIN1-IN3 OUT1

Quantity
1 2 3 1

Function
Connecting the monitoring signal cable between the PMU and the APMI Connecting the monitoring signal cable between the APMI and the BBU Connecting the dry contact alarm input cable Connecting the optical coupling alarm output cable

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 42

AFMU Board
The

AFMU board refers to APM Fan Monitor unit Interface Board. The

AFMU board is located at the upper right corner of the APM30 cabinet, and performs the following functions:
Provides

DC power supply to the APMI and AFMU boards through the DC DC power to the two fans at the top of the cabinet and reports the

power port
Supplies

alarms of the fans


Reports

the alarms of the internal ambient temperature sensor, air inlet

temperature sensor, and air outlet temperature sensor


The

alarm signals of the AFMU board is transported to the APMI board

through

the signal transfer cable and then is reported to the BBU.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 43

AFMU Board
Ports

and LED on the Panel

SN
1

Port
ALM

Function
Connecting the monitoring signal cable between the AFMU and the APMI

DC Connecting the DC power cable of INPUT the AFMU

LED
Operation LED

Silkscreen
RUN

Color
Green

Status
ON steady

Description
About 1 minute after the AC or DC power-on

Blinking for 1s ON and The system is working properly. 1s OFF Blinking for 0.125s ON The serial port communication is disrupted. and 0.125s OFF The other communication is normal. OFF steady The system is not powered on. An alarm is generated. No alarm is generated, or the system is not powered on.

Alarm LED ALM

Red

ON steady OFF steady

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 44

PDU Module
The

PDU (short for Power Distribution Unit) performs AC or DC power distribution. The AC distribution functions of the PDU are as follows:
Supplies

two AC power outputs with the maximum current of 10 A to the heaters

of the power cabinet and the heating film of the battery cabinet.
Reports

the surge protection alarms of the AC input power .

The

DC distribution functions of the PDU are as follows: Provides 10 DC power outputs to meet the DC power requirements of t he distributed base station or the separated base station Reports the surge protection alarms of the DC output power

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 45

PDU Module
The
SN
1

port on the panel


Description
AC wiring terminals For the 110 V dual-live-wire input, use L2 For the single-phase 220 V/three-phase 220 V input, use N1 and N2 AC wiring terminals For the 110 V dual-live-wire input, use L1 For the single-phase 220 V/three-phase 220 V input, use L1, L2 and L3 AC output wiring terminals (Lout1, Lout2) AC output wiring terminals (Nout1, Nout2) AC input MCB AC output MCB (controls the power supply to the heating film or heaters) DC output MCBs (SW0-SW9) DC output wiring terminals (LOAD0-LOAD9)

3 4 5 6 7 8

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 46

GATM Module
The

GSM antenna and TMA control module (GATM) is a module GATM performs the following functions:
the RET antenna the RET control alarm signals the current from the feeder power to the TMA

that controls the antenna and TMA. The GATM is optional.


The
Controls Feeds

Reports

Monitors

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 47

GATM Module
Ports

on the panel
Connector Function
Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals for the RET antenna Providing power for the antenna Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals for the RET antenna Providing power for the antenna Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals for the RET antenna Providing power for the antenna Used in connection to the BBU Providing the extended RS485 port to be cascaded with other devices Receiving the -48 V power input

Ports
ANT0 ANT1 ANT2 ANT3 ANT4 ANT5 COM1 COM2 -48 V

SMA female connector SMA female connector SMA female connector SMA female connector SMA female connector SMA female connector RJ45 connector RJ45 connector 7W2 power connector

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 48

GATM Module
LEDs

on the board
Description Status Meaning
There is power supply but the communication with the BBU is abnormal. The board is running normally and the communication with the BBU is normal. There is no power supply or the module is faulty. The AISG link is normal. The AISG link is abnormal. The AISG link is transmitting data. An alarm is generated, such as an overcurrent alarm. The module runs normally.

LED
RUN

Color
Green

Indicator of the Blinking once every board running four seconds status Blinking once every two seconds Off

ACT

Green

Indicator of the On service running status Off Blinking frequently and irregularly

ALM

Red

Alarm indicator On Off

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 49

Heater
The

heater functions in the low-temperature environment to provide suitable working temperature for the batteries in the power cabinet or transmission cabinet. When the working temperature is lower than the temperature specification for the battery, the battery capacity declines. So the heater is installed in the battery cabinet to provide the optimal working temperature for the batteries. The technical specifications of the heater are as follows:
A

heater keeps the cabinet temperature higher than 10. When the internal

temperature of the cabinet is lower than 5, the heater starts to work; when the internal temperature is higher than 15, the heater stops working.
The

maximum power consumption of a 220 V heater is 300 W.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 50

Battery
The

power cabinet can house 1 to 3 groups of -48 V 12 AH batteries,

which can form the -48 V 12 AH battery group system, the -48 V 24 AH system, or the -48 V 36 AH system. The details are as follows:
The

-48 V 12 AH or -48 V 24 AH battery group is installed in the 3 U space

at the bottom, and the remaining 5 U space can be used to install the user devices.
The

-48 V 36 AH battery group is installed

in the 6 U space at the bottom, and the remaining 2 U space can be used to install the user devices.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 51

Sensors

Door Status Sensor


The

door status sensor is made up of two parts, the magnet part and the switch part.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 52

Sensors

Temperature Sensor
The

temperature sensors of the APM30 consist of the air inlet temperature

sensor, internal ambient temperature sensor, and the air outlet temperature sensor.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 53

Section 1 System Structure Section 2 PD Cabinet Hardware Component Section 3 RF Cabinet Hardware Component Section 4 DRFU Work Mode

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 54

RF Cabinet Hardware Components


DRFU DCDU-02 FAN

Unit

FMUA Battery Door

Sensor

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 55

DRFU Logical Structure


The

DRFU performs modulation and demodulation between baseband signals and RF signals, processes data, and combines and divides signals. The DRFU consists of the high-speed interface unit, signal processing unit, power amplifier, and dual-duplexer.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 56

DRFU Board

Ports on the panel


Type Connector Ports Description
Used in connection to the antenna subsystem Used in connection to the BBU, or in connection to the upper-level cascaded DRFU Used in connection to the lower-level cascaded DRFU Input port for diversity signals in antenna channel 1 Output port of diversity signals in antenna channel 1 Input port for diversity signals in antenna channel 2 Output port of diversity signals in antenna channel 2 Receives power input

Port for N female connector ANT1 transceiving RF ANT2 signals CPRI port SFP female connector CPRI0

CPRI1 Port for QMA female transmitting RF connector signals between DRFUs RX1 in RX1 out RX2 in RX2 out Power port 7W2 power connector PWR

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 57

DRFU Board
LEDs

on the Board
Status Meaning
The power input is normal, but the BBU is faulty. There is no power supply or the module is faulty.

LED
RUN On Off

Blinking once every two secondsThe module is functional. Blinking four times per second ALM ACT On Off On Off The module is loading software or is not started. A fault alarm is generated. No alarm is generated. The module is functional and is correctly connected to the BBU. The connection with the BBU is not established.

Blinking once every two secondsThe DRFU is being tested on the Site Maintenance Terminal.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 58

DRFU Board
LEDs

on the Board
Status Meaning
No VSWR alarm is detected.

LED
VSWR Off (red)

Blinking once every two seconds The VSWR alarm is generated on only the ANT2 port. (red) Blinking four times per second (red) On (red) CPRI0 On (green) On (red) The VSWR alarms are generated on the ANT1 and ANT2 ports. The VSWR alarm is generated on only the ANT1 port. The CPRI link is functional. The interface module fails to receive signals.

Blinking once every two seconds The CPRI link has a loss-of-lock error. (red) CPRI1 On (green) On (red) The CPRI link is functional. The interface module fails to receive signals.

Blinking once every two seconds The CPRI link has a loss-of-lock error. (red)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 59

DCDU-02 Module
The

direction current distribution unit (DCDU) provides of the DCDU:

-48 V DC power (four outputs).


Functions
Receiving

-48 V DC power input Providing -48 V DC power for boards and modules in the

cabinet
Providing

lightning protection of 10 kA in differential

mode and 15 kA in common mode. Providing dry contact for surge protection failure.

the DCDU (four outputs) on the left of the cabinet

the DCDU (four outputs) on the right of the cabinet


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 60

Principles of the DCDU

DCDU-02 Module

Ports on the Panel

Item
Power input terminal

Label
NEG(-) RTN(+)

Description
DCDU low level input terminal DCDU high level input terminal RFU0-RFU2 control the DC outputs to three DRFUs on the left of the cabinet. RFU3-RFU5 control the DC outputs to three DRFUs on the right of the cabinet. FMUA controls the DC output to the FMUA. Spare controls the DC output of the Spare. RFU0-RFU2 supply power to three DRFUs on the left of the cabinet. RFU3-RFU5 supply power to three 3 DRFUs on the right of the cabinet. FMUA supplies power to the FMUA. Spare is reserved. Dry contact alarm output port

Power switch RFU0-RFU5, FMUA, and Spare Power output RFU0-RFU5, port FMUA, and Spare Dry contact output port SPD ALM

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 61

Fan Module
The fan module performs the heat dissipation for the cabinet. One

fan module is installed with two fans.


The

fan module performs the following functions:


forced ventilation and dissipation for the cabinet the temperature and rotation speed of the fans to the fan monitoring

Providing Reporting

board.
Interface
There

is one interface on the panel. It is used to connect FMUA-FAN monitor

signal cable. The information of FAN temperature and speed will be sent to FUMA with this interface. It also provide the power to FAN .

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 62

FMUA Board
The FMUA (Fan Environment Monitor) is a fan environment monitoring

unit. The FMUA performs the following functions:


Leading

-48 V DC power supply to the cabinet and supplying -48 V DC power supply for the fan module. Collecting environment alarm information in the cabinet. The environment alarm is classified into temperature alarm, humidity alarm, smoke alarm, water immersion alarm, and door status alarm. Collecting surge protection alarm information of the DC power distribution unit. Monitoring the operating status of fans. Supporting two modes of adjusting the rotation speed of the fans: adjustment based on the temperature and adjustment controlled by the main control unit. Controlling the fan rotation. Stopping the rotation of the fans when the ambient temperature is low. Supporting the detection and reporting of the temperature. Supporting the cascading and extension of RS485 ports. FMUAs can be cascaded.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 63

FMUA Board

LED on the board


LED Color
Green

Description
Indicates the running status of the board

Status
Blinking once every two seconds

Description
The board is running normally and the communication with the BBU is normal.

RUN

Blinking four times per There is power supply but the second communication with the BBU is abnormal. Off No power input is available.

ALAR Red M

Indicates whether Blinking four times per There are alarms from both the fans on the there are alarms second left and right half subracks. Blinking once every two seconds On Blinking once every four seconds Off There is an alarm from the fan on the right half subrack. There is a alarm from the fan on the left half subrack Other alarms No power input is detected.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 64

FMUA Board
Ports

on the
Ports
-48 V COM IN COM OUT TEM TEM_HUM ARRESTER

panel

Type

Connector
7W2 power connector RJ45 connector RJ45 connector RJ45 connector RJ45 connector

Description
48 V DC power input Used in connection to the BBU or the monitoring port on the upper-level FMUA Used in connection to the lower-level FMUA Cabinet temperature monitoring port Used in connection to the surge protection failure alarm port of the power distribution unit Used in connection to the fan module on the left half subrack Used in connection to the fan module on the right half subrack Extended Boolean ports

Power port RS485 port

Fan port

FAN0 FAN1 FAN2 FAN3

4-pin connector 4-pin connector

Boolean port The first group (from Dry contact connectors left to right) The second group The third group The fourth group Dry contact connectors Dry contact connectors Dry contact connectors

Smoke sensor port, door status sensor port Water sensor ports

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 65

Batteries in the RF Cabinet


The

batteries in the 3RFU cabinet serve as the power backup for the

BTS. The -12 V 50 Ah battery or -12 V 92 Ah battery is allowed in the 3RFU cabinet. The battery combination is as follows:
When

the -12 V 50 Ah battery is used, four batteries in serial connection can be configured to serve as the power backup of -48 V 50 Ah. When the -12 V 92 Ah battery is used, four batteries in serial connection can be configured to serve as the power backup of -48 V 92 Ah.

(1) -12 V 50 Ah battery

(2) -12 V 92 Ah battery

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 66

Door Status Sensor in the RF Cabinet


The

door status sensor detects the opening and closing of the cabinet

door.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 67

Section 1 System Structure Section 2 PD Cabinet Hardware Component Section 3 RF Cabinet Hardware Component Section 4 DRFU Work Mode

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 68

BTS3900A Configuration Principles

Configuration Principles of the BBU

Minimum number of trunk cables. You can determine the number of trunk cables as required, and take the existing configuration for saving transmission resources into account in networking.

Minimum number of UPEUs. The configuration of a single UPEU is recommended. The redundancy backup mode can be configured if required. One BBU supports six CPRI ports. The star topology is recommended between DRFUs.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 69

BTS3900A Configuration Principle

Configuration Principles of DRFU

A single DRFU does not support the S1/1 application; however, three DRFUs support the S3/3 application. The cell configuration of S4 and lower configurations use a single antenna, the configurations of S5 to S8 use a double antenna, and the configurations of S8 to S12 use a triple antenna.

The non-combination configuration is recommended for the DRFU to avoid the power loss in combination and to reduce the power consumption of the BTS.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 70

DRFU Internal Structure


2

TRXs and 2 duplexers are integrated in DRFU module which can be RX_IN/OUT port of DRFU can support the receiving signal

connected to antenna directly.


The

interconnection between 2 DRFUs, so that it can support the diversity receiving between 2DRFUs.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 71

DRFU Antenna Mode


Single

antenna, double receivers


DRFU module has 1 working TX/RX feeder and 2 way receive diversity, one

The

of the receiver is from the another DRFU.


Double
The

antennas
DRFU module has 2 working TX/RX feeders and 2 way receive diversity.

Double
The

antennas, 4 receivers
DRFU has 2 working TX/RX feeders and 4 way receive diversity.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 72

DRFU Transmit and Receive Mode

DRFU transmit mode


Transmit independency or combining PBT Transmit diversity Two way receive diversity Four way receive diversity

DRFU receive mode


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 73

DRFU Transmit Mode--Transmit Independency or Combining

Transmit Independency
Interface Processing Unit
ANT1 DUP ANT2 DUP

CPRI0 CPRI1

Transmit Combining

Interface Processing Unit


HUAWEI Confidential
Page 74

ANT1 DUP ANT2 DUP

CPRI0 CPRI1

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

DRFU Transmit Mode--PBT


In PBT mode, only the first TRX can work. PBT mode can improve the transmitting power. In PBT mode only channel A is used by downlink signal.

Interface Processing Unit


HUAWEI Confidential

ANT1 DUP

CPRI0

CPRI1

ANT2 DUP

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Page 75

DRFU Transmit Mode--Transmit Diversity


In this mode, only the first TRX can work Transmit diversity mode improves the quality of downlink signal In this mode the signal from the first TRX is divided into 2 channels and be transmitted through channel A and channel B.

Interface Processing Unit


HUAWEI Confidential

ANT1 DUP

CPRI0

CPRI1

ANT2 DUP

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Page 76

DRFU Receive Mode-- Two Way Receive Diversity


In this mode both of the 2 TRXs can work Each TRX receives the signal from 2 feeders In the following figure the TRX gets the receiving signal from channel A and B of the single DRFU, It is also possible for TRX to use the channel A receiver of another DRFU.
Interface Processing Unit

DUP

ANT1

CPRI0

DUP

ANT2

From RX-in, TRX can also use the channel A of the other DRFU, so channel B of the two DRFUs are canceled

CPRI1 RX-IN

RX_OUT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 77

DRFU Receive Mode-- Four Way Receive Diversity


In this mode, only the first TRX can work The working TRX gets the uplink signal from 4 feeders of 2 DRFUs
2 channels from the other DRFU

Interface Processing

ANT1

CPRI0 CPRI1

ANT2
DUP

RX-IN RX_OUT

Interface Processing

ANT1

CPRI0 CPRI1

ANT2
DUP

RX-IN RX_OUT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 78

Chapter 1 BTS3900A System Description Chapter 2 BTS3900A Hardware Structure Chapter 3 BTS3900A network Topology

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 79

BTS3900A Topology

BTS Topology

The topologies of the BTS are classified into star, chain, tree, and ring topologies. E1/T1 cable can be used between BBU and BSC or transmission equipment, Optical and LAN cable can be used between BBU and route equipment.

DRFU Topology

The BBU and DRFUs support multiple network topologies such as star, chain, and ring topologies. Only optical fiber can be used between DRFU and BBU.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 80

BTS Topology

The topologies of the BTS are classified into star, chain, tree, and ring topologies.

Star mode

Tree mode

Chain mode

Ring mode

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 81

DRFU Topology

The BBU and DRFUs support multiple network topologies such as star, chain, and ring topologies.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 82

Summary

BTS3900A Function and Features BTS3900A Hardware Structure such as BBU and DRFU etc. BTS3900A Network Topology

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 83

Thank You
www.huawei.com