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Broadcast Channels (BCH)

Syncronization Channel (SCH) Downlink Channels BTS: Transmits TDMA Frame number + Base Station Identity Code (BSIC= NCC + BCC ) MS: MS decodes the BSIC if the chosen BTS is GSM Base station within a cell

Nov 17, 2003

Broadcast Channels (BCH)


Frequency Correction Channel (FCCH) Downlink Channel BTS: Transmits a carrier frequency (Pure sine wave of 67.7 KHz) This Solve 2 purpose : a> Make sure that this is BCCH Carrier b> To allow the MS to synchronize to the frequency MS: After Switch on MS Scan for this channel, since it has no information to which frequency to use. FCCH carrier enables a mobile to tune its frequency to that being broadcast by the BTS.

Nov 17, 2003

Broadcast Channels (BCH)


Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH) Downlink Channels BCCH contains the detailed Network and cell specific information such as : Frequency used by Cell and its Neighboring cells. Frequency HSN Paging Groups LAI Max output power allowed in the cell

Nov 17, 2003

Technical Training on 3G RF Optimization Optimization is to Keep track of network Improve quality of network To provide best network quality using any available spectrum analyzer Accessibility, Retainability, Mobility CS Circuit switch voicePS- Packet switch Data services faster than 2G data serviceVideo = CS + PSRSCP- Receive signal level of a particular CPICH (dbm)Ec/Io The CPICH qualityCPICHCommon Pilot indication channel it is a broadcast for every cellIRAT- Handover from 3G to 2G Inter Radio Access technologySofter handover Softer HO occur btw sector of the same siteSoft HO- Occur btw sectors of the different sites3G OptimizationTop aspects of 3G optimization Coverage Optimization Call Drop Optimization Handover & Neighbors Optimization Quality -Interference & Pilot Pollution Optimization

Common Control Channels (CCCH)

Paging Channel (PCH) Downlink Channels

BTS: Broadcast the paging message to indicate the Incoming Calls or Incoming SMS. Paging message also includes the MS s identity number IMSI/TMSI MS: MS listens to the PCH. If it identifies its own mobile subscriber identity number on the PCH, it will respond.

Nov 17, 2003

Common Control Channels (CCCH)

Random Access Channel (RACH) RACH is transmitted Uplink only

When mobile is paged , it replies on RACH requesting a signaling channel. RACH can also used if the MS wants to make a contact the NW/ Originating calls

Nov 17, 2003

Dedicated Control Channels (DCCH)

Stand Alone Dedicated Control Channel (SDCCH) SDCCH is bi-directional Channel System Signaling Call Setup Authentication Location Update Assignment of Traffic channels and Transmission of Short messages

Nov 17, 2003

Dedicated Control Channels (DCCH)


Fast Associated Control Channel (FACCH) While Calls in progress and HO is required FACCH is used FACCH works in Stealing mode meaning that one 20ms segment of speech is exchanged for signaling information necessary for the HO

Cell Broadcast Channel (CBCH) CBCH is used in Downlink only It is used to carry Short Message Service Cell Broadcast (SMSCB) and uses the same physical channel as the SDCCH

Nov 17, 2003

COMMAN Control Channels (CCCH)


CCCH consists of 2 sub-channels for DL: PCH & AGCH AGCH used to allocate resource to MS during call setup PCH used to send paging request to MS Two types of Channel Configuration: Combined BCCH/SDCCH 3 CCCH blocks Non combined BCCH/SDCCH 9 CCCH blocks AGCH can have dedicated blocks or work by stealing mode

Nov 17, 2003

Bursts
Normal Bursts: This burst is used to carry information on : Traffic channel SDCCH Channel Broadcast Control Channel Paging Channel Access Grant Channel SACCH & FACCH Channel
1 Time slot = 156.25 bits durations (15/26 = 0.577 ms ) TB Encrypted bits 3 57 F Training Sequence 26 F Encrypted bits TB 57 3 GP 8.25

F : One Stealing Bit:=0 Indicates 57bit packet contains user data or speech :=1 Indicates burst stolen for FACCH Signalling RxQual derived from the 26 bit midable from the TDMA frame

Nov 17, 2003

Formulas
No. of SDCCH Attempts SDCCH Congestion (%) No. of SDCCH Connections SDCCH Establishments No Congestion (%) SDCCH Time Congestion (%) SDCCH Drop (%) SDCCH Mean Holding Time (Sec.) SDCCH Traffic (Erlang) SDCCH/TCH Ratio CCALLS 100 X { CCONGS / CCALLS } CMSESTAB 100 X {CMSESTAB / (CCALLS - CCONGS)}

100 X { CTCONGS / (RPL * 60)} 100 X { CNDROP / CMSESTAB } RPL X 60 X {(CTRALACC/CNSCAN) / CMSESTAB } CTRALACC / CNSCAN (CTRALACC/CNSCAN) / ((TFTRALACC/TFNSCAN)+(THTRALACC/THNSCAN))

Nov 17, 2003

Noise Rise & Cell Loading


Uplink All Noi i i ll ll i i li i i llow l w oi i

Downlink Typi l W ow li pow per cell Users admi ed to cell based upon power requirements Also must be OVSF codes available Noise rise limited to 20W power transmitted Hi data rate user at cell edge may require 5W

S ft a v r
Overhead on DL power, DL channels Downlink noise rise and equipment increases

Typically expect 40% soft handover in a trisector system Increase in Channel Elements and Transmission capacity

Node B BS

MS

Node B BS