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Analysis of Interference Issues in Integrated Satellite and Terrestrial Mobile Systems




This paper presents a model of an integrated multi beam satellite system analyzing the inter component interference at the system level using a realistic system ( Eu 27 ) .

Traditional satellite system. Integrated satellite system. Terrestrial and integrated satellite system. Inter component interferences. Terminologies. Model of the system. Inter component frequency reuse issues. Inter component uplink interferences analysis.

Traditional satellite systems

Limited coverage: High rise buildings ,Increased User density ,Rain fades ,Line of sight problems limit coverage Signal Latency: It is the delay between requesting data and receipt of a response. Normal latency delays -250 ms

Integrated Satellite System


Terrestrial and Integrated Satellite System


Ensures high spectral efficiency



Inserting terrestrial base stations in the satellite frequency reuse pattern

Frequency reuse between satellite & terrestrial components will inevitably imply Inter component interferences

Inter - Component Interferences

qInterference due to overlapping of satellite and terrestrial networks.
qFor better understanding Case study of an S band integrated mobile broadband system covering Europe (EU27) was carried out. qBased on existing integrated system. qResults analyzed by snapshot simulations.

Terminologies qCGC:AComplementary Ground Component (CGC) is groundbased infrastructure in a satellite network used to enhance the satellite coverage . q qFDD: Frequency Division Duplex ( FDD) is a technology used in wireless communications where theuplinkand thedownlinkuse a different frequency. q qHEO: Highly-elliptical orbit (HEO) satellite systems orbit the Earth in an elliptical path qPrez-Fontan model: Only the direct signal component is considered. qSFRP: Satellite Frequency Reuse Pattern


1 . Assumptions
qThe space component is composed of a HEO multibeam satellite qThe terrestrial CGC component is modeled by GSMlike 3-sectors base stations qSatellite spot beams are maintained fixed on ground qOnly category of user terminals is hybrid satellite/terrestrial handheld devices qQuasi-Line-Of-Sight (LOS) is ensured. qUser system operates in the S band, with 15 MHz (uplink) + 15 MHz (downlink) available in FDD


For modeling a fully integrated system users were randomly generated according to the population density. For that, used a population grid of Europe .

Terrestrial active users density (for 100000 users)

qSatellite uplink modeled using Perez Fontan model qPath loss= Free space loss+ shadowing loss qShadowing loss - log normally distributed qFor the terrestrial channel 2 propagation models for urban and rural areas used.

Isat,Iter :Aggregated interferences coming from satellite and co terrestrial co channel users EIRP: Equivalent isotropically radiated power Gr: Antenna gain of satellite Giso: Polarization isolation gain T(k) : set of terrestrial users using the channel k.


Exclusion zone Principle A zone around each satellite spot beam is defined where the terrestrial users are not allowed to use its frequency .This zone is called EXCLUSION ZONE .

Inter-component Interference Cases

1.Terrestrial users and uplink satellite 2. Satellite downlink signal with CGC 1. 3. CGC station and satellite user 4. Satellite user uplink on terrestrial component

Inter-component interferences cases in integrated systems

Dimensioning of the Exclusion Zone

qDimensioning of the EZ is a key parameter in the concept of an Integrated Satellite and Terrestrial Mobile Systems but.. q

Available terrestrial spectrum for different SFRPs and EZ




1 . Influence of terrestrial users

Terrestrial interferences

increases with the number of terrestrial users Median values become predominant from 50000 terrestrial users. The difference between median and high values is much higher for terrestrial interferences than for satellite interference. Satellite uplink interference over noise ratios according to the number of terrestrial users ( 2500 sat . users , SFRP = 7 and EZ = 7dB )

2. Variation of SFRP size and Exclusion Zone size

o Terrestrial interferences then can be mitigated either by increasing EZ size if priority is satellite network capacity o Or by increasing the SFRP, if the priority is the terrestrial network capacity

Satellite uplink Iter / N for SFRPs of 4 , 7 , 9 and 12 and different EZs ( 500 sat . and 100000 ter . active users )

3 . Characterization of the major interferers ( MIFs )

The major terrestrial

interferes is defined as the group of terrestrial users responsible for the major amount of interferences on its satellite uplink signal. When C/Iter <20db, the proportion for MIF is lower than for interferences as a whole.

CDF of the proportion of MIFs over all of interferers for all satellite uplink interference cases and when C/Iter is bellow 20 dB

CDF of the mean isolation from the interfered user beam center
(25000 ter. users, SFRP=7 and EZ=7dB)

For highest interference

cases, the mean isolation of MIFs is quite low(around 12db) This result has been obtained for EZ of 7db Which clearly means MIFs are then close to the EZ border when generating high interferences.

All terrestrial users and MIFs transmit power CDF

The transmit power of all

terrestrial users is not a perfect normal law the radius of terrestrial cells and propagation models are different according to the environment causing the inflections. Many users do not reach high Ptx values as we do not consider large cells or indoor users.

It is found that the most POTENT cases of intercomponent interferences on the satellite uplink are caused by a small number of terrestrial users having these specific features: In LOS of Satellite Close from EZ border Emitting with high power values

[1] Network of Mobile Networks; Hybrid Terrestrial-Satellite Radio, Branimir Vojcic, Dennis Matheson and Henry Clark, Satellite and Space Communications, IWSSC 2009, pages: 451 455. Sept., Tuscany. [2] Interference Potential to MSS due to Terrestrial Reuse of Satellite Band Frequencies, Peter D Karabinis, Santanu Dutta, William W Chapman, ICSSC 2005. [3] Statistical Modeling of the LMS Channel, Fernando Prez Fontn, Maryan Vzquez-Castro, Cristina Enjamio Cabado, Jorge Pita Garca, and Erwin Kubista, IEEE transactions on vehicular technology, vol 50, issue 6, pages: 1549 1567. Nov. 2001. [4] 3GPP TR 36.942 V8.2.0, Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Radio Frequency (RF) system scenarios,June 2009. [5] Gridded Population of the World 2005, SEDAC, Columbia University,

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