Sie sind auf Seite 1von 24

National Rural Employment Guarantee ACT-2005

PRESENTED BY, P.PRASHANTH, M.Sc. (Ag). ANGRAU, HYDERABAD TELANGANA.

NREGA -INTRODUCTION

Honble Prime Minister and Honble Chairperson NAC Smt. Sonia Gandhi launched the program on 2 nd Feb 2006 in Ananthapur(Di)Bandlapalli village was enacted on august25,2005.

It

NREGA -INTRODUCTION
An

act to provide for enhancement of livelihood security of households in rural areas of the country (except J&K )by providing at least one hundread days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every house hold Ongoing programmes of SGRY and NFWP are subsumed with in NREGS.

NREGA -INTRODUCTION
The launch of ambitious scheme at centre has been guided by success of Maharastra Employment Guarantee Scheme which is implemented for over last 30 Yrs in Maharastra MEGS can make possible of Horticulture Revolution so also NREGP can make productivity Revolution on lands of poor

62 types of works are identified under 8 categories of works permitted in the act

NREGA -INTRODUCTION
The programme was launced covering 200districts in 1st phase(1.75 lakh panchayats across 28 states)and was extended to 330 additionl districts in 2nd phase in 2007-08 The act cover all of india from april 1 2008

Salient features of the act


1.Right

based Frame work Adult members of a rural household are willing to do un skilled work may apply for registration to the local Gram panchayat in written or Orally The Gram panchayat after verification issue a job card will bear photogaph of all adult members ofhousehold and is free of cost.

2.Time bounded Guarantee


After applicaton Gram panchayat will providing employment with in 15 days operation. If employment is not provided with in 15 days daily unemployment allowance in cash has to be paid. Work should be provided with in 5KM radius of village or else extra wages of 10% are paid . Disbursement of wages has to be done on weekly basis and not beyond fortnight.

3.Women Empowerment

At least 1/3rd of persons to whom work is alloted have to be women .

4. work Site Facilities Creche , drinking water , shade have to be provided at working places. 5.Minimum Requirement for starting a new work 50 Applicants are required

6.PROVISON OF WAGES
At national level Average minimum wage Rate will be Rs 60/- per man which shall be equal to 7 hrs normally KERALA 125 RUPEES WEST BENGAL 100RUPEES HARYANA 99.21RUPEES. A.P&T.N 80RUPEES

7.WAGE MATERIAL RATIO.


60:40

Contractors

allowed 8.PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY 9.SOCIAL AUDIT& TRANSPERENCY

&Machines are not

10.PERMISSABLE WORKS

WATER CONSERVATION LAND DEGRADATION RESTOATION OF RURL TANKS ENVIRONMENT PROTCTION IRRIGATION CANALS (micro &minor irrigation works) WATER HARVESTING AFFORESTATION ,TREE PLNTATIOIN ROAD CONNECTIVITY LAND DEVPT ON SC STS FIOOD PROTECTION SCHOOL BUILDING&WATER SUPPLY

11.Nature of works taken up

80 % water conservation 10 % Irrigation related 5% Plantations 2 % road connectivity 3 % others

12.UNEMPLOYMENT ALLOWANCE.
If

the authorities fail to provide job with in 15days allowance will be equal to 1/4th of wages for 1st 30days and remainig period @50%wage which shouldnot exceed 100days.

13.SOCIAL SECURITY PROVISION


Free

medical facilities incase of injury during work ;Daily allowance equal to 50%wages in case of hospitalisation along with accomadation treatment medicines. Exgratia payment 25000/-in case of death or permanent disability.

14.FUNDING.
CENTRE

GOVT BEARS COSTS ON Entire wages costs of un skilled labour 75% wages cost of skilled&semi skilled labour Administrative costs Expenses of NREGS COUNSIL

STATE GOVT BEARS ON


25%

wages cost of skilled&semi skilled labour Administrative costs Expenses of STATE NREGS COUNSIL UN EMPLOYMENTALLOWANCE

17.OUT COMES SO FAR


1.Increased employment opportunities in rural areas UnderSGRY 85Crore person days Under NREGS 120 Crore person days 2.Inclusive growth Employment provided is117.54%of B.P.L rural house holds ;indicating that nregs has been reach out to rural poor. IN 2007-08This was 127% Upto feb2009 135%

In

state wise 610%in RAJASTAN 28% in MAHARASTRA 19%IN ARUNACHAL PRADESH GOOD PERFORMANCE STATES M.P, RAJASTAN ,CHATTISGARH,A.P. UNDER PERFORMANCE STATES BIHAR, U.P,W.B., ORISSA

3.INCREASED WOMEN WORK FORCE RATIO


It

is increased to 42.18% ,previously 39%. Highest percentage of women participation in TAMILNADU.(82%) followed by RAJASTSN . IN A.P it is 69%. This is also significant increase against 25% women participation under SGRY

4.UTILISATION OF YOUTH FORCE IN RURAL AREAS


39%

WORKERS FROM AGE GROUP 30-40YRS 35% WORKERS FROM AGE GROUP 20-30YRS Rest of them are below 40 yrs

5.SHARE OF SC/ ST HOUSE HOLDS IN EMPLOYMENT


Total share 62% in 2006-07. Sc-25.3%, ST-36.5% 6.IMPACT OF MINIMUM WAGES In maharastra min . Wages went up from 47 to 70/ In karnataka min . Wages went up from 62to 74/ In U.P min . Wages went up from 58to 100/ In Nagaland min . Wages went up from 66to 100/

7.WAGE DIFFERENCES IN MALE &FEMALE IS REDUCED 8.USHERED TO MEET THE RAISING PRISES IN THE MARKET . 9.HELPED LOT IN REDUSING DISGUISED &SEASONAL UN EMPLOYMENT. 10.REDUSEDTHE MIGRATION LEVEL TO OTHER AREAS 11.HELPS IN PAYING THEIR DEBTS. 12.GROUND WATER LEVELS INCREASED

PROBLEMS
Lack

of awareness about the scheme High corruption Casual laboures prefer to bunk the NREGAfor more assurance no. of days Lack of planning & trained working days Women face lot of problems

THANK YOU