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# Motion

## An object is in motion when its distance from another object is changing.

1. Explain when an object is in motion and how motion is relative to a reference point. 2. Calculate an objects speed and velocity using SI units of distance.

3. Graph motion showing changes in distance as a function of time. 4. Explain the slow movement of Earths plates and calculate their speed. 5. Describe what happens to the motion of an object as it accelerates. 6. Calculate the acceleration of an object and graph changing speed and distance of an accelerating object.

7. Invent your own situation in which an object can both be in motion and still.
8. Create a word problem in which a person must find the velocity of an object in motion. (Dont forget units in the problem.) 9. Define all terms in this chapter.

Force
Balanced forces result in NO change in motion. Unbalanced forces result in a change in motion. 1. Explain how balanced and unbalanced forces are related to motion. 2. State Newtons first law of motion and define inertia. 3. State Newtons second law of motion and explain how force and mass are related to acceleration. 4. Describe friction and identify the factors that determine the friction force between two surfaces. 5. Explain how mass differs from weight. 6. State the universal law of gravitation. 7. Describe the effects of gravity and air resistance on an object in free fall. 8. State Newtons third law of motion. 9. Define and calculate momentum and state the law of conservation of momentum. 10. Explain how a rocket lifts off the ground. 11. Describe the forces that keep a satellite in orbit.

Forces in Fluids
Pressure is the amount of force per unit of area. 1. Define and calculate pressure. 2. Recognize that pressure decreases at higher altitudes and increases at greater depths. 3. Identify and explain examples of balanced pressures. 4. State Pascals principle and recognize application of the principle. 5. Explain how a hydraulic system works. 6. Define the buoyant force and its effect. 7. State Archimedes principle. 8. Explain how the density of an object determines whether it floats or sinks. 9. State Bernoullis principle. 10. Explain the application of Bernoullis principle to flight. 11. Define all terms in this chapter.

## Work & Machines

The amount of work done on an object can be determined by multiplying force times distance. 1. Identify when work is done on an object. 2. Calculate the work done on an object. 3. Explain what machines do and how they make work easier. 4. Identify the difference between actual and ideal mechanical advantage. 5. Calculate the efficiency of a machine. 6. Describe the six types of simple machines. 7. Calculate the ideal mechanical advantage of four types of simple machines. 8. Define compound machines. Give two examples. 9. If a train 75m long is pulled with a force of 1,000N for a distance of 350m, calculate the work done on the train. 10. Explain how the body uses levers and wedges. 11. Define all terms in this chapter.

## Energy & Power

Energy is the ability to do work or cause change. 1. Relate work and energy.

## Thermal Energy & Heat

Heat is the transfer of energy by: conduction, convection, or radiation 1. Define temperature and identify the three common temperature scales. 2. Contrast temperature and thermal energy. 3. Describe how heat is related to thermal energy. 4. Identify the three forms of heat transfer. Give an example of each. 5. Define and calculate the specific heat of a substance. 6. Describe the movement of heat and how insulators and conductors affect heat transfer. 7. Name the three states of matter and explain what causes changes of state. 8. Relate expansion of matter to addition of thermal energy. 9. Describe what takes place in solid-liquid and liquidgas changes of state. 10. Describe how engines convert thermal energy to mechanical energy. 11. Describe how refrigerators transfer thermal energy from a cool area to a warm area.