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Expert Novice Differences


An expert is someone widely recognized as a reliable source of technique or

skill whose faculty for judging or deciding rightly, justly or wisely is accorded authority and status by their peers or the public in a specific well distinguished domain.

An expert is a person with extensive knowledge or ability based on research,

experience or occupation and in a particular area of study.

An expert can be, by virtue of credential, training, education, profession,

publication or experience, believed to have special knowledge of a subject beyond that of the average person

Experts have a prolonged or intense experience through practice and

education in a particular field

Novice is a person who is new to or inexperienced in a certain task, situation etc, a person new to a field or an activity also called a beginner.

Key Differences
Experts notice features and meaningful patterns of

information that aren't noticed by novices Experts acquire a great deal of content knowledge that is organized in ways that reflect a deep understanding of their subject matter Experts' knowledge cannot be reduced to sets of isolated facts or propositions but, instead, reflects contexts of applicability: that is, the knowledge is "conditionalized" on a set of circumstances Experts are able to flexibly retrieve important aspects of their knowledge with little attentional effort

Experts have varying levels of flexibility in their

approach to new situations. Experts are able to see patterns or connection in any situation not evident to novices Experts can effectively organize knowledge around key concepts, respond to context, and self-regulate their focus. Experts plan their efforts using powerful strategies and then self-observe Experts rely heavily on self-questioning and selfmonitoring.

Experts differ from novices in their ability to self-

regulate. For example, experts know when to apply knowledge at crucial times during performance. Novices tend to learn reactively rather than with forethought and planning. Experts tend to set personal goals for themselves rather than comparing themselves to others.

Experts perceive and understand stimulus differently

from novices Experts have better performance than novices in recalling meaningful information Experts have fewer but larger knowledge chunks for common set of concepts than what novices have which enables experts to hold more information in their working memory