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Chapter 10: International Standards Overview

ISO 9001 - Quality Management System ISO 14001 - Environmental Management System OHSAS 18001- Occupational Health & Safety Assessment System

Example of Common Requirements

ISO 9001
Quality records (4.2.1) to show that the product (or service) is being received, handled, stored and retrieved to ensure protection of the product

ISO 14001
Documents, including records (4.4.4 e & 4.5.4) to show that any potential impact to the environment of activities is being controlled (e.g. battery washing liquid not going down open drain to river)

OHSAS 18001
Records and records management (4.5.3) to show that potential H&S risks associated with activities are being managed to protect the personnel (e.g. PPE for battery washing)

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Evaluation & Auditing Tools


Auditing Guidelines ISO 14010 ISO 14011 ISO 14012 Environmental Performance Evaluation Guidelines ISO 14031

Management System Standards


EMS Specification ISO 14001 EMS Guide ISO 14004

Product Support Tools


Life Cycle Assessment ISO 14040 ISO 14041 ISO 14042 Environmental Labelling ISO 14020 ISO 14021 ISO 14024

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Terms and Definitions ISO 14050 To be used by other standards writers Environmental aspects of product standards Guide 64
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ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Elements: 1 Environmental policy 2 Planning 2.1 Environmental aspects 2.2 Legal and other requirements 2.3 Objectives and targets 2.4 Environmental management program(s) 3 Implementation and operation 3.1 Structure and responsibility 3.2 Training, awareness and competence 3.3 Communication 3.4 Environmental management system documentation 3.5 Document control 3.6 Operational control 3.7 Emergency preparedness and response 4 Checking and corrective action 4.1 Monitoring and measurement 4.2 Non-conformance and corrective and preventive action 4.3 Records 4.4 Environmental management system audit 5 Management review
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OHSAS 18000 SERIES


CONTRACTUAL

OHSAS 18001:1999 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems Specification


GUIDANCE (no extra 18001 requirements)

OHSAS 18002:2000 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems. Guidelines for the implementation of OHSAS 18001 BS 8800:1996 The British Standard for Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems

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OHSAS ELEMENTS

4.1 General requirements 4.2 OH&S policy & commitment 4.3 Planning 4.3.1 Hazard identification, risk assessment/control 4.3.2 Legal and other requirements 4.3.3 Objectives 4.3.4 OH&S management program(s) 4.4 Implementation and operation 4.4.1 Structure and responsibility 4.4.2 Training, awareness and competence 4.4.3 Consultation and communication 4.4.4 Documentation 4.4.5 Document and data control 4.4.6 Operational control 4.4.7 Emergency preparedness and response 4.5 Checking and corrective action 4.5.1 Performance measurement and monitoring 4.5.2 Accidents, incidents, non-conformances and corrective and preventive action 4.5.3 Records and records management 4.5.4 Audit 4.6 Management review
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Web sites www.solutionsinengineering.com http://www.visions-enterprise.com/ http://www.iso.ch/iso/en/iso9000-14000/pdf/iso14000.pdf http://www.bsi-global.com/Import+Export+Advice/Useful+Publications/Management/ISO14000.xalter http://www.iso14000.org/ .....(free software download) http://www.iso14000.com/ http://www.mgmt14k.com/ems.htm http://www.trst.com/iso3.htm#Mini Cases http://www.ecologia.org/iso14000/standard/factsheet.html http://www.quality.co.uk/iso14000.htm http://www.iisd.org/greenstand/default.htm www.iso.org (general guidance) www.tc176.org (interpretations) www.iso.org/tc176/sc2 (ISO 9000 Introduction and Support package) www.iso.org/tc176/ISO9001AuditingPracticesGroup (auditing guidance)

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REFERENCES :
Spellman, F.R. & Whiting, N.E., Safety Engineering: Principles & Practice, ABS Group Inc., Rockville, Maryland, 1999. J.T. Reynolds: "The API Methodology for Risk-Based Inspection (RBI) Analysis in the Petroleum and Petrochemical Industry", First Annual Symposium of the Mary Kay O-Connor Process Safety Center, College Station, Texas, 1998. Goetsch, D.L., Occupational Safety and Health, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1996. CoVan, J., Safety Engineering, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995. Jones, R.B. Risk-Based Management , Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, 1995. Brauer, R.L., Safety and Health for Engineers, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1994. Lewis, R.J., Sr. Saxs Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials New York: Van Nostrand, 1992. Ferry, T., Safety and Health Management Planning, , New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990. NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards Washington: US Dept. of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control, NIOSH, 1990. Grimaldi, J.V. & Simonds, R.H., Safety Management, 5th ed, Homewood, IL: Irwin, 1989. Slote, L., Handbook of Occupational Safety and Health, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1987. Ferry, T., Modern Accident Investigation and Analysis, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1981. King, R.W., & Magid, J., Industrial Hazard and Safety Handbook, Boston, Mass: NewnesButterworths, 1979.

For more information: Dr. Attia H. Gomaa attiagomaa@yahoo.com


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