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LITERATURE REVIEW ON

IMPROVEMENT OF BIOGAS BY ADDING MICRONUTRIENTS


By

HARSHAL WARADE
M-TECH IIIRD SEM (ENV.ENGG)
G.H.RAISONI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION LITERATURE REVIEW REFRENCES

INTRODUCTION

Bio gas is a clean unpolluted and cheap source of energy in rural areas. Bio gas is produced from cattle dung in a bio gas plant commonly known as gobar gas plant through a process called digestion.

LITERATURE REVIEW

Biogas is the renewable energy. In project the work did upon improving generation of biogas by adding various types of micronutrients.

1) APPLICATION OF BIOGAS TECHNOLOGY AS A RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY TECHNIQUE TO MANAGE SOLID WASTE
H.M.C.K.Bandara, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka

This research was carried out to find out possible avenues to produce Biogas from Agricultural waste such as paddy straw and market garbage. In his study Analyze the chemical composition of market garbage and paddy straw find the composition of market garbage

2) Food Waste for Biogas Production


M.KUBASK, B.KISSOV Institute of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Slovak Republic May 2010,

This research was carried out In the European Union, where 2000 million tonnes of food waste per year are generated In this paper increase the biogas from food and kitchen waste from households, restaurants, caterers and retail premises, and comparable waste from food processing plants.

3) Biogas in cities
Chris Zurburgg , Muller C. (2007)

In many cities of developing countries, the most serious environmental and health problems are related to inadequate solid waste management (SWM). In this paper the research was carried out production of biogas using Municipal Solid Waste with animal dung.

4) ENHANCEMENT OF BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS USING HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONING AND PARTIAL OXIDATION
Abdallah Shanableh Department of Civil Engineering, University of Sharjah (UAE)

This paper is focused on assessing the impact of partial hydrothermal oxidation on wood biomass and wastewater treatment sludge in terms of achieving two objectives: (1) partial destruction of the organic component of the waste; and (2) production of biogas from the organic byproducts of hydrothermal treatment.

5) Landfill Biogas and its Use for Energy Generation Pecora, Vanessa; University of Sao Paulo , Brasil

The projects objective is to implement a system of electric energy generation and illumination by gas proceeding from a sanitary landfill, the landfill biogas. Results obtained from this project provide information about landfills operational conditions.

6) Biogas Generation from Leafy Biomass & Vegetable Wastes by Application of Ultrasound
J. Mallick, K. L. Narayana, Institute of Minerals & Materials Technology (CSIR) Bhubaneswar, Orissa

In this study using cowdung and leafy biomass/ vegetable wastes with different dilution with Ultrasound frequency. Result was Observed that with the application of ultrasound for a few minutes everyday, the gas generation rate was nearly doubled compared to that in the conventional process.

7) Enhancement of biogas production from straw and manure


W.J. Oosterkamp , Netherlands

This literature study has been made on the methods available to enhance biogas production from manure and straw. Result was Methane yields of 380 l/kg volatile solids (75 % energy recovery) can be obtained with mixtures of manure and straw.

8) The optimal production of biogas for use

as a transport fuel in Ireland


J.D. Murphy*, Department of Civil, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland

This paper investigates the use of CH4 enriched biogas as a fuel. The method when applied to Ireland could lead to a substitution of 1% of petrol and diesel and to a 12% reduction in greenhouse-gas emissions from the transport sector.

9) Role of Renewable Energy


Dr. M. A. Rouf and Md. Naimul Haque Institute of Fuel Research and Development, Dhaka

Bangladesh is a densely populated country about 72% of which live in the rural areas. In this study developed a fixed dome model biogas plant suitable to Bangladesh and different models of improved cook stoves It is also developed a process for the production of bio fuel (bio diesel) from nonedible oil sources.

10) Biogas in India


Anil Dhussa Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Government of India New Delhi

This study was carried out for biogas generation for urban and industrial wastes and effluents and Co-digestion of farm / agricultural residues with urban and industrial wastes

11) The Biogas Support Programme


By Govt. Of Nepal 1992

In this programme

5-year plan(1992-97): the BSP arose hand in hand with an institutional framework for promoting decentralized energy resources. (1998-2003) 9th 5-year plan sets target of 90,000 biogas installations (2003-2009) 10th 5-year plan targets an additional 135,000 systems

Aim or Objective of the Project


Increase amount of biogas by adding various types of micronutrients. Compare amount of biogas from floating drum plant & fixed drum plant. Improve the quantity of biogas by adding food waste & solid waste.

Necessity of biogas

Cooking of individual houses. For reducing the deforestation. Improve sanitation in villages. Maintaining ecological balance. For electricity generation. Reduce pressure on forests. Mitigate drudgery of rural women.

REFERENCES

H.M.C.K.Bandara et al APPLICATION OF BIOGAS TECHNOLOGY AS


A RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY TECHNIQUE TO MANAGE SOLID WASTE, Biogas Manual ,

Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd., (1-10 p.p.), (1979). M.kubask, b.kissov FOOD WASTE FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION , Food waste as biodegradable substrates for biogas production, Editor: Marko, J., In Proceedings of the 37th International Conference of Slovak Society of Chemical Engineering, (May 2428, 2010). Muller C et al BIOGAS IN CITIES Anaerobic Digestion of Biodegradable Solid Waste in Low and Middle-Income Countries. Sandec Report,(8-9 p.p.), May2008.

Abdallah Shanableh et al ENHANCEMENT OF BIOGAS PRODUCTION


FROM BIOMASS USING HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONING AND PARTIAL OXIDATION University of Sharjah Journal of Pure &

Applied Sciences, Volume 2,(59-73 p.p.),June 2005. Pecora, Vanessa et al LANDFILL BIOGAS AND ITS USE FOR
ENERGY GENERATION, International scientific conference of mechanical engineering ,7-9 November 2006 J. Mallick, K. L. Narayana, BIOGAS GENERATION FROM LEAFY BIOMASS & VEGETABLE WASTES BY APPLICATION OF ULTRASOUND Energy Convers. Mgmt. Vol. 37, No. 4, pp. 417-419, 1996. W.J. Oosterkamp ENHANCEMENT OF BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM STRAW AND MANURE Biomass and Bioenergy manual,2008. J.D. Murphy, THE OPTIMAL PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS FOR USE AS A TRANSPORT FUEL IN IRELAND Renewable Energy ,21112127 p.p. , 2005

Dr. M. A. Rouf and Md. Naimul Haque ROLE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY Institute of Fuel Research and Development, Dhaka Anil dhussa BIOGAS IN INDIA Methane to Markets Partnership Meeting of Agr.Sub- Committee April 22, 2004

Thank you