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BY- PARINAY KUMAR, SHUBHAM GUPTA, KARANVIR SINGH, VIKRAM BHAI CLASS- X-A

ABOUT -

PARTS OF YOGA

INTRODUCTION ABOUT YOGA


THE WORD YOGA HAS BEEN TAKEN FROM WORD YOG FROM SANSKRIT LANGUAGE. IT MEANS UNION OR UNIFICATION OF ATMA AND PARMATAMA. ACCORDING TO PATANJALI, STHIR, SIKHAMA,SANAM. ASANS THE WAY NAME TO SIT QUITE, PEACEFULLY AND WITHOUT WORRY. IT IS VERY EASY TO PERFORM IT AND IS NOT VERY COSTLY. YOGA PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN THE FIELD OF GAMES AND SPORTS. THESE YOGIC EXERCISES KEEP BODY FIT, HEALTHY, FREE FROM MANY DISEASES.

IT SUPRESSES THE PHYSICAL DESIRES AND ENLIGHTENS THE KNOWLEDGE. IT NOT ONLY ACTIVATES THE NERVOUS SYSTEM BUT ALSO DEVELOPS THE HIDDEN POWER OF THE INDIVIDUAL. Types of yoga : gyan yog, ashtang yog, karama yog, raja yog, bundle yog, hatha.

VRIKSASANA DESCRIPTION
From mountain pose, weight is shifted to one leg,

for example, starting with the left leg. The entire sole of the foot remains in contact with the floor. The right knee is bent and the right foot placed on the left inner thigh, or in half lotus position. With the toes of the right foot pointing directly down, the left foot, center of the pelvis, shoulders and head are all vertically aligned. Hands are typically held above the head either pointed directly upwards and unclasped, or clasped together in anjali mudra. The pose is typically held for 20 to 60 seconds to stretch the spine, returning to the mountain pose while exhaling, then repeating standing on the opposite leg.

ANATOMICAL
The pose emphasizes alignment of the head,

spine and hips.

BENEFITS
Iyengar claims the pose improves balance,

poise and posture. Hewitt claims it improves posture and concentration, limbers the hips, deepens the thorax, strengthens the ankles, and firms and tones the muscles of the legs, back and chest.

CONTRAINDICATIONS AND CAUTIONS


Raising the arms above the head for any

length of time may involve risks for persons with high blood pressure. The arms can be held at chest height in anjali mudra for those at risk.

BEGINNERS TIP
Faults include leaning to one side, twisting,

pushing one hip out; bending or rotating the supporting knee outwards; looking downwards and lacking concentration.

PICTURE OF THIS YOGA

TADASANA DESCRIPTION
It is a very basic standing posture with feet

together and hands at the sides of the body. Yoga practitioners consider it a pose that promotes confidence and happiness as well as improving posture and creating space within the body. This creating space within the body may allow internal organs to work more efficiently thus improving respiration, digestion and elimination. The pose strengthens the abdomen and the legs. It may help relieve sciatica and reduce flat feet. Poses that help prepare for Tadasana include Adho Mukha Svanasana and Uttanasana. Although Tadasana is a very basic pose it is the basis for many standing poses. Urdhva Hastasana is a very similar pose with the hands raised above the head.

BENEFITS
MIND ALERT, IMPROVES BODY BALANCE, INCREASES

HEIGHT, TONES MUSCLES, REMOVES CONSTIPATION

PICTURE OF THIS YOGA

CHAKRASANA DESCRIPTION
There are two versions of chakrasana: the

standing chakrasana (Wheel pose) and the supine chakrasana.

ETYOLOGY
The name comes from the Sanskrit words

Chakra (, Cakra) meaning "wheel",and Asana


(, sana) meaning "posture" or "seat".

WHEEL
Chakrasana is a basic pose for beginners and is

said to improve the elasticity of the spine and the flexibility of the hip joints. Yoga proponents say that the regular exercise of this asana makes the body resilient, the waist slim. It is also said to be helpful in removing the rigidity of the joints of the ribcage and increasing the capacity of lungs.

SUPINE CHAKRASANA
In the final poses of the supine chakrasana the

posture resembles that of a wheel rim. This is an intermediate pose not recommended for beginners. It is said to be beneficial in exercising several parts of the body simultaneously in a short time. It exercises the neck, arms, wrists, fingers, spine, backside, thighs, knees, ankles and the feet. Strengthens the muscles and organs of the pelvic and abdominal area.

BENEFITS
SPINE BECOMES FLEXIBLE, HEALTHY AND STRONG. KEEP YOUR YOUNG AND DELAYS AGING PROCESS. STIMULATES KIDNEYS.

PICTURE OF THIS YOGA

MATASYASANA DESCRIPTION
The posture itself is in the category of

backbends, where the practitioner lies on his or her back and lifts the heart (anahata) chakra by rising up on the elbows and drawing the shoulders back. The neck is lengthened, and the crown of the head Sahasrara chakra is "pointed" toward the wall behind the practitioner. As the arch of the back deepens with practice, and the heart and throat open further, the top of the head may brush the ground, but no weight should rest upon it.

ETYOLOGY
The name comes from the Sanskrit words

matsya () meaning "fish" and asana ()


meaning "posture" or "seat".

VARIATIONS
The legs can be lifted about 6 inches off the

ground with toes pointed. The hands may also be placed before the heart in Ajali Mudr.

BENEFITS
RELIEVES FROM PILES, TONES UP BACK AND ADBOMINAL MUSCLES, RELIEVES FROM BACK PAIN AND SLIP DISC. USEFUL FOR LEGS AND PELVIS. IT DIRECTS A RICH SUPPLY OF FRESH BLOOD TO PITUITARY/ PINEAL GLANDS IN BRAIN AND TO THYROIDS.

PICTURE OF THIS YOGA

THANK

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