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Searching on Internet

Khurram Aziz Fani GIFT Business School, GIFT University Wednesday December 17, 2008

Introduction to Internet

Defining Internet World Wide Web (W3C)

Visible, Invisible, Deep Web

HTML, HTTP, FTP, SMTP URLs (Universal Resource Locator) Other internet services

Newsgroup, Mailing List, Chatting (IRC)

Knowledge, Application, Expertise 2

Basic Search Tools

Subject Directories

Search Engines

Composition Working Data Availability Types

Composition Working Data Availability Types

Knowledge, Application, Expertise

Searching Techniques

Define Your Topic

Defining your topic means answering the following questions:

To which subject topic is related?

What What What What types of information is required? is the relevant material and whats not? is the purpose behind your search? you already know about the topic?
Knowledge, Application, Expertise 4

Searching Techniques


Recognize the central concepts Prepare a thesis statement Use a dictionary or thesaurus Use FOREST LOG Scheme

Knowledge, Application, Expertise

Searching Techniques
Building Key-Terms by FOREST LOG Scheme


Forms or Variant of the words you are thinking of Technical terms and thesaurus used for that word The alternatives used for that specific word

Related Terms

Synonymous Term

Ladder of Generalization

High on the ladder means more general term and lower on ladder means more specific term
Knowledge, Application, Expertise 6

Searching Techniques
--- Choosing Search Tool -- Subject Directories
Academic Professional

For Specified Topics For general and subject-less Topics For References and Full-text Articles and databases
Knowledge, Application, Expertise 7

Search Engine
Common Meta

Deep Web
Data banks Invisible Web

Searching Techniques

Techniques for Query building

Phrase writing Boolean Operators Truncations

Knowledge, Application, Expertise

Searching Techniques

Phrase Writing

Write your key terms in marks.

GIFT University Link:GIFT University Images:GIFT University

Knowledge, Application, Expertise

Searching Techniques

Boolean Operators

Use NOT, AND, OR, NEAR and +,

GIFT University NOT GiftUniversity GIFT University OR Gift-University (GIFT University) AND (GiftUniversity)
Knowledge, Application, Expertise 10

Searching Techniques

Truncations (Wild-Card Characters)

Use *, ?, $, #

Bass* *Print Organiz*tion

Knowledge, Application, Expertise


Searching articles and databases


References Full-Text Database (AU), (TI), (SO), (JN), (LA), (YR), (SU), (AB) Electric Library Encyclopedia
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Databanks (Deep Web)

General Tips

Patience Reduce errors Spellings, Capitalization, Abbreviations Think about all alternatives Try multiple queries Use all available tools Advance search options Make notes Limit your search
Knowledge, Application, Expertise 13

Evaluating Your Search

How well you defined the Topic? Did you used the best way for search? Did you used the correct methods or queries for search? Did you choose the right database for search?
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Questions and Answers