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Virtue

Is a habitual and firm disposition to do the good.

It allows the person not only to perform good

acts but also to give the

himself/herself.

best of

Comes from the Latin word “ virtus‖ meaning ―courage‖ or ―bravery‖

Virtus derived from “vir‖ which means man. • Literally speaking, virtue means manliness

St. Augustine defines virtue:

- Good quality of the mind by which one lives rightly, which no one uses badly and which God works in us but without us.

St. Thomas Aquinas defines virtue:

- Virtue is a habit that is good; it perfects the power of the soul and inclines one to do good.

Aristotle defines virtue:

- State of character which makes man/woman

good and do his/her work well.

Three key ideas according to Aristotle

  • 1. Virtue is a state of character

  • 2. Virtue makes man/woman good

  • 3. Virtue makes man/woman do his/her work well

“. . . a quality of mind and heart, of reason and will, that disposes a

“. . .

a quality of mind and

heart, of reason and will, that

disposes a person to engage in acts and works of

excellence. .

.”

S. Pinckaers

Virtues are formed through practice as we consistently perform good acts from a good will.

Catechism of the Catholic Church TWO types of virtues: 1. Theological Virtues - which include faith,
Catechism of the Catholic
Church
TWO types of virtues:
1. Theological Virtues
- which include faith, hope and charity.
2. Human Virtues
- also called as moral virtues.
- Include four cardinal virtues of prudence,
justice, fortitude and temperance.

Theological Virtues

relate directly to God. Immediate object is God Foundation of all Christian moral activities.

The Virtue of Faith

Is the theological

which we believe in

God and all that He has said and

revealed

to

us

and

all

that

the Holy

Church proposes for our belief because

he is truth Himself.

Is the personal encounter with Christ

Is

the

personal

act, a confrontation

between the human I and the divine You .

Faith ...

A person encounters Jesus >>> encounter transform his/her life >>> follows Jesus the person understand the meaning of her/his life.

The Christian task is to discern an authentic faith from alienating faith, a childish faith mature faith.

Different Views on the Attitude towards Faith

• Tough Guy Attitude
• Tough Guy Attitude

- leads a person not to believe because he/she considers faith as a sign of weakness or alienation mere sentimentalism.

• Worldly or Materialistic Attitude
• Worldly or Materialistic Attitude

moves an individual not to believe because he/she considers faith as a mere waste of time or turning away from reality. He/ She thinks it is more useful to be involved in life daily activities than to believe.

Playing Safe Attitude

applies to a person who says he/she believes because in matters of faith, nothing is safe,

he/she has nothing to lose if he/she

believes.

Faith ...

Faith is an act of TRUST to God. God is the absolute and the unconditional. Faith involves the whole person and occupies the center of one’s life FAITH does not mean that one should believe WITHOUT a REASON. Dei Verbum the document that clarifies this point.

Faith ... • Faith is an act of TRUST to God. • God is the absolute
The Virtue of Hope
The Virtue of Hope

is the theological virtue by which, we desire the kingdom of heaven and the eternal life as our happiness, placing our trust

in Christ’s promises and relying not on our strength but on the help of the Holy Spirit.

keeps sustains

a

person

him/her

from

discouragement,

during

times

of

abandonment and opens up his/her heart

expectation of eternal beatitude.

Hope ...

Hope

is

that virtue,

made possible by the

grace of God, by which man/woman

expects the fullness of salvation and the

means to attain it, confident omnipotent aid of God.

Hope therefore, considers God as its object. God is the One whom a person hopes and waits. Hope gives a glimpse of the future; it embraces all things including death.

Hope is a weapon that protect us in the struggle for salvation.

Hope ...

Hope

is

gratuitous,

a

gift

of

the

grace and

mercy of God.

 

Hope

is

active

and

it

helps

Christian

transform

the

world

because

through

it,

God’s

justice

and

peace

reach

their

progressive

Hope is patient; it strengthen man/woman to continue waiting for what God has promised him/her, knowing that ―God could do whatever He promised‖.

The Virtue of Charity • Charity – is the theological virtue, by which we love God
The Virtue of Charity
• Charity –
is
the
theological
virtue, by
which we love God above all things for
His own sake, and by which we love our
neighbor as ourselves for the love of
God.
According to St. Paul
if
I
have
all
other things but have not
love… I have not charity, I gain nothing‖.
charity ... • Charity is superior to all virtues; it is the first of the theological
charity ...
• Charity is superior
to
all
virtues; it
is
the first of the theological virtues.
• All virtues
is inspired
and animated by
charity,
which
“binds
everything
in
perfect harmony”.
• The practice
of moral
life
animated by
charity gives us the spiritual freedom as
children of God.
-Charity never ends-
Moral Virtues
Moral Virtues
• Are habits that are concerned with acts as means to the ultimate end. They help
Are
habits that are concerned
with
acts
as
means
to
the
ultimate end. They help us lead
moral and good lives.

The Four Cardinal Virtues

Prudence Justice Fortitude Temperance

The virtue of the intellect that enables us to plan our actions so that we can

The virtue of the intellect that

enables us to plan our actions so

that we can realize our ultimate goal (happiness in friendship bwith God) in the best possible

way.

Prudence unites all the virtues by helping one know how to exercise

them at a given time. Prudence is

the “charioteer” of the moral life.

• A good grasp of reality. • Knowing what vision, goals and values are worth pursuing

A good grasp of reality.

Knowing what vision, goals and values are worth pursuing

Knowing what intermediate goals will help us to achieve our ultimate vision.

The ability to plan and execute well-

composed acts.

Foresight + learning from past

experiences.

Seeking to know and understand the reality being considered. Discerning the action that best responds to
Seeking to know and understand the reality being considered. Discerning the action that best responds to

Seeking to know and understand the reality being considered.

Discerning the action that best responds to a

given reality.

Committing the will to carry out the action chosen.

Inability to commit oneself to a course of action. Jumping to a decision without passing through
Inability to commit oneself to a course of action. Jumping to a decision without passing through

Inability to commit

oneself to a

course of action.

Inability to commit oneself to a course of action. Jumping to a decision without passing through

Jumping to a decision without passing through the stages of deliberation and judgment.

An important role of prudence is to help us apply moral norms and wisdom to specific
An important role of prudence is to help us apply moral norms and wisdom to specific

An important role of prudence

is to help us apply moral

norms and wisdom to specific situations.

Prudence helps us to discern how best to act justly and lovingly in the concrete circumstances of daily life.

The constant disposition to give God what is due Him as our Creator and our neighbor

The constant disposition to give God what is due Him as our Creator and our neighbor what is due to him as a fellow human being endowed with dignity by God.

It is the minimum requirement of

love and emphasizes that every right is accompanied by a corresponding responsibility to assure this right for others.

God’s love for us is the ground of our worth and value as human beings. Our

God’s love for us is the ground of our worth and value as human beings. Our fundamental rights stem from God’s will that each

person have all he/she needs to flourish. Every right assumes a

corresponding responsibility to assure this right for others.

The goods of the earth belong to God and are destined by God for the use
The goods of the earth belong to God and are destined by God for the use

The goods of the earth belong to God and are destined by God for the

use and benefit of all, not just a few. Thus while there is a right to private property, this right is not absolute. The need to preserve the common good has priority over the right to private property. There is a responsibility to share the goods of the earth so that all may live.

1. Commutative – concerns fairness in our dealings with other individuals 2. Distributive- concerns the responsibilities

1. Commutative concerns fairness in our dealings with other individuals

  • 2. Distributive- concerns the responsibilities of the whole

community towards its members

  • 3. Contributive concerns the responsibilities of the individual to assure the common good of society

  • 4. Social concerns the right ordering of laws, systems and structures to insure the wellbeing of each member and the common good of all

Fortitude ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy in pursuit of the good. This virtue strengthens our

Fortitude ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy in pursuit of the good.

This virtue strengthens

our drive to overcome

obstacles enabling us to conquer fear, disappointment,

hardships, and to

persevere in the

absence of visible results.

Fortitude has two modes:

attack/pursuit and endurance/ perseverance.

Fortitude moves us to fight and push forward in the face of opposition and obstacles.

Fortitude helps us to persevere in difficulty and endure what

cannot be overcome.

Whenever an excess of passion and desire overwhelms the judgment of reason, one is prone to

Whenever an excess of

passion and desire

overwhelms the judgment of reason, one is prone to act in ways that are imprudent,

dishonorable and demeaning.

Temperance is a virtue of the will that moderates desires, passions and appetites so that they can be properly integrated in the service of reason and prudence.

An excess of desire or passion

can lead

us to violate the

demands

of justice and human

decency.

The path of the Jedi demands self-discipline, self-control, self-renunciation.

Temperance involves two active ingredients: a sense of honor/decency and a sense of shame. The sense
Temperance involves two active ingredients: a sense of honor/decency and a sense of shame. The sense

Temperance involves two

active ingredients: a sense of

honor/decency and a sense of

shame.

The sense of decency makes us want to act well in order to preserve our self-respect.

The sense of shame alerts us

to those occasions when we

act in ways that do not befit our

dignity as human beings.

• Our desire for the pleasures of the senses (food, drink, comfort, stimulation, etc.) • Desire

Our desire for the pleasures of the senses (food, drink, comfort, stimulation, etc.)

Desire to acquire and possess material goods

Sexual desire and the need for intimacy on every level

Desire for honor, esteem, recognition,

and acclaim

Ambition and the desire for power, influence and achievement

Drive to overcome obstacles, aggression Desire for retribution, vengeance

• Our desire for the pleasures of the senses (food, drink, comfort, stimulation, etc.) • Desire
• Our desire for the pleasures of the senses (food, drink, comfort, stimulation, etc.) • Desire
• Our desire for the pleasures of the senses (food, drink, comfort, stimulation, etc.) • Desire
• Our desire for the pleasures of the senses (food, drink, comfort, stimulation, etc.) • Desire
• Our desire for the pleasures of the senses (food, drink, comfort, stimulation, etc.) • Desire
• Our desire for the pleasures of the senses (food, drink, comfort, stimulation, etc.) • Desire
• Our desire for the pleasures of the senses (food, drink, comfort, stimulation, etc.) • Desire

Temperance

is the moral virtue that moderates the attraction of pleasures and provides balance in the use of material things.

it regulates represses, or controls impulses, such as

sexual urges, that impel one to

do something which is opposed to reason.

It ensures the will’s mastery over instincts and keeps desires within the limit of what is honorable

The worst vices resulting from lack of moderation in sensual pleasure

include:

The worst vices resulting from lack of moderation in sensual pleasure include:
• It is an inordinate desire for food — for pleasure’s sake and not for the

It is an inordinate desire for food

— for pleasure’s

sake and not for

the preservation

of life.

• It is an inordinate desire for food — for pleasure’s sake and not for the
• It is even of more degrading vice than gluttony, for it deprives a person his/her

It is even of more degrading vice than gluttony, for it deprives a person his/her unique distinction from brute.

Immoral act; increase criminality, delinquency and other forms of immorality in society.

• worse than drunkenness. • major cause of rape, murder and other heinous crimes. back

worse than drunkenness.

major cause of rape, murder and other heinous crimes.

back

Other Moral Virtues

Other Moral Virtues • Filial Piety – it helps us to honor, love and respect our
• Filial Piety – it helps us to honor, love and respect our parents and country.
• Filial Piety – it helps us to honor, love
and respect our parents and country.
• Obedience – it helps us to do the will of
our superiors.
• Veracity – it help us to tell the truth.
• Patience – it help us to bear trials.
• Humility – it help us to acknowledge our
limitations.
• Chastity – it helps us to be pure in soul
and body.
The Virtues of St. John Baptist de La Salle
The Virtues of
St. John Baptist de La Salle
The Virtues of St. John Baptist de La Salle

St. John Baptist De La Salle

Born: April 30, 1651 Death: April 7, 1719

Declared as Patron Saint of Teachers: May, 15, 1950

Founder of Brothers of Christian Schools or

( Fratres Scholarum Christianarum or FSC)

PIETY - a total reliance on God and comes before God with humility,

trust, and love.

ZEAL - it is an ardor in the pursuit of any desirable goal to

accomplish the best result. - characterized by enthusiasm and fervor.

  • - is doing ones responsibility

despite difficulty

  • - Eagerness

PATIENCE

  • - it is the ability to control oneself.

    • - It is an open and

accepting attitude.

  • - “Calmness”

WISDOM

- experience and knowledge together with the power of

applying them critically or

practically. - “Common sense”

Behaviors that weaken this attitude:

- Boredom disinterest in reading, long hours for leisure

activities and rest, and

ignorance in some areas of education.

MEEKNESS

- is the ability to keep oneself in check. Exterior manifestation of charity.

- “Mildness” Behaviors that weaken this attitude:

Anger, bad humor and insensitivity.

Humility

-

it is the virtue that considers others

as coequal with

of superior

than

itself. It leads to esteem, friendship

and kindness.

“ Meekness”

Behaviors attitude:

that

weaken

this

Selfishness, pride, extreme self reliance and pessimism.

Generosity it is the ability to work with and for others. it is the selfless devotion to educational work by sacrificing

personal interest for the good

of others. “Charity”

Behaviors that weaken this attitude:

leading a life which relies on praise and applause, harboring grudges, prioritizing one’s own interest than those of the students.

To bring the children whom you instruct to take on the Christian spirit,

you must teach them the practical truths of faith in Jesus

Christ and the maxims of the holy Gospel with at least as much care as you teach the truths that are purely theoretical.

Is your main care, then, to instruct your disciples in the maxims of the holy Gospel and the practice of the

Christian virtues? Have you anything more at heart than helping them find their happiness in these practices? The habits of

virtue that are cultivated during youth encounter less resistance in corrupt nature and form the

deepest roots in the hearts of those in whom they

have been formed.

SJBDLS, M 194.3

Virtuous people engage life with deeper understanding, appreciation and sense of purpose than others.

They respond better to

the challenges of life. .

Total Human Development as a

Commitment to God

Total Human Development as a Commitment to God