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Construction of coaching stock

Shell i.e. the skeleton part.

Furnishing i.e. the provisions of amenities.

Bogie (Trolley) with the running gear.

Safety Concern of Coaches

Safety, speed as well as comfort mainly depend

on the bogie on which the coach is placed.

Bogie What ?
It is an independent unit used under a long

vehicle, usually mounted on two pairs of wheels (except some special purpose stocks). Each bogie is provided with a bolster for engagement with its male counterpart provided underneath the vehicle under frame. The bogie trucks can swivel and adjust its position with case and without restraining the vehicle body while negotiating a curved track.

Bogie Why ?
Limitation of maximum rigid wheel base of a

vehicle. Limitation of maximum axle load prescribed for track. Full utilisation of track loading density.

Factors for Designing A Bogie

Sturdy construction to withstand vertical,

longitudinal and lateral shocks. Suitable suspension gear. Satisfactory damping devices. Sturdy running gears to give trouble free service. Easy negotiability on curved track without restraining body structure

Versions of Coaching Bogie

IRS Bogie

SCHLIEREN Bogie (ICF Laminated Bogie)

MAN-HAL Bogie (BEML Bogie) ICF All Coiled Bogie

IR-20 Bogie
Fiat Bogie (Similar to IR-20 Bogie)

IRS Bogie

IRS Bogie
Developed / Built: British Make

Introduction on IR in 193031
Current status: Productions abolished and use

discontinued on Mail/express service.

SCHLIEREN Bogie (ICF Laminated Bogie)

SCHLIEREN Bogie (ICF Laminated Bogie)

Developed / Built: M/S Swiss car and elevator

manufacturing corporation Ltd, Schlieren, Zurich. Introduction on IR in 1951. Current status: Productions abolished and use discontinued on Mail/express service.

MAN-HAL Bogie (BEML Bogie)

MAN-HAL Bogie (BEML Bogie)

Developed/Built: M/S HAL Banglore in

collaboration with M/S MAN Nurnberg (West Germany) Introduction on IR in 1958-59 Current status: Productions abolished and use discontinued on Mail/express service.

ICF All Coiled Bogie

ICF All Coiled Bogie

Developed/Built: ICF & RCF

Introduction on IR in 1965
Current status: Productions continue by ICF &


IR-20 Bogie
Developed/Built by: RCF.

Introduction on IR in 1998.
Current status: Used in few coaches and

production abolished due to introduction of FIAT bogie.

Fiat Bogie

Fiat Bogie
Similar to IR-20 Bogie.

Developed/Built: FIAT Switzerland.

Introduction on IR in 2001 (24 coaches

imported from Switzerland). Current status: Productions continue in RCF.

Basic parameters of ICF Bogie

Main Units of ICF Bogie

Bogie bolster with side bearers & centre pivot Bogie frame Wheel and axle Bodybogie bolster joint Bogie bolsterbogie frame joint Bogie frameaxle joint Secondary suspension (between bogie bolster &

bogie frame) Primary suspension (between bogie frame & axle) Bearing arrangement in axle box Brake system

Bolster, side bearers & centre pivot

The weight is taken at the

side bearer on the top of the bolster. No weight comes at the centre pivot. The pivot acts only as a point of rotation and guidance of the bogie.

Side Bearers

Side Bearers
Consists of a machined

steel wearing plate immersed in an oil bath Floating bronze-wearing piece with a spherical top surface kept in it The coach body rests on the top spherical surface of these bronze-wearing pieces through the corresponding attachments on the bottom of the bodybolster.

Centre Pivot

Bogie Frame

Bogie Frame
All welded light weight

construction. The two main sole plates of I section are connected at other ends by headstocks and at the centre by the transoms. Total 4 nos. Longitudinal beams (2 at either side) are connected between headstock and transom.

Wheel and Axle

BodyBogie Joint
The centre pivot pin joins

the body with the bogie and transmits the tractive and braking forces on the bogies. It does not transmit any vertical load. It is equipped with rubber silent block bushes which tend to centralise the bogies with respect to the body and, to some extent, control and damp the angular oscillations of the bogies.

Bogie BolsterBogie Frame Joint

Anchor links
One anchor link is provided on

each side of the bolster diagonally across which connects the bolster with bogie frame (Total nos. 2). Can swivel universally to permit the bolster to rise and fall and sway side wards. Fitted with silent block bushes. It holds the floating bogie bolster in position longitudinally. Designed to take the tractive and braking forces.

Bogie FrameAxle Joint

Axle Guide Arrangement Description

Axle box guides are of

cylindrical type welded to the bottom flanges of the bogie side frame with close dimensional accuracy. These guides together with lower spring seats located over the axle box wings, house the axle box springs and also serve as shock absorbers.

Bogie FrameAxle Joint

Axle Guide Arrangement Function
A rigid axle guide

arrangement, which alone guides the axle longitudinally as well as transversely by eliminating any relative movement between axles & bogie frame. Designed to transmit tractive & braking force between bogie frame & axle. It acts as a single acting hydraulic shock absorber for primary suspension.

Primary & Secondary Suspension

Bearing Arrangement

Limitations of ICF bogie Design

Longitudinal and transverse flexibilities of the

axle guidance cannot be optimised. independently as generally required for highspeed bogies. There are vertical space constraints to accommodate desirably softer secondary suspension springs. Headstocks increase the yaw inertia of the bogie.