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Chapter 6

Chapter 6:
Server Configuration
Learning Objectives
Chapter 6

■ Explain how to use the tools in the

Control Panel
■ Install and configure the display,
pointing devices, keyboard, computer
hardware, recovery options, protocols,
and additional Windows 2000 Server
Learning Objectives (continued)
Chapter 6

■ Use the Device Manager to view

hardware properties and troubleshoot
Control Panel
Chapter 6

■ The Control Panel is one of the first

places to start when configuring a
■ The Control Panel is like a control
center from which to customize
Windows 2000 Server for devices,
network connectivity, and other
Accessing the Control Panel
Chapter 6

■ Three ways to access the Control Panel

◆ ClickStart, point to Settings, and click
Control Panel
◆ Open Control Panel from My Computer
◆ Open Control Panel from Windows
Explorer via the My Computer option
Customizing Control Panel
Chapter 6

Figure 6-1 Control Panel toolbars

Accessibility Options
Chapter 6

■ The Accessibility Options tool is for

accommodating visual, audio, and
sensory needs of the user
Accessibility Options (continued)
Chapter 6
Accessibility Option Purpose

Display Enables the display to be set to use colors and contrast for

easier viewing

General Sets alternative keyboard and mouse access features and

provides notification when an accessibility feature is turned off

Keyboard Provides alternative touch and sound options for keyboard


Mouse Enables the keyboard keypad to act as a pointing device

Sound Displays visual warnings and captions for sounds

Add/Remove Hardware
Chapter 6

■ Use the Add/Remove Hardware tool to

install new hardware, remove hardware,
unplug a device, and make sure that a
device is functioning
Add/Remove Hardware
(continued) Chapter 6

Figure 6-2 Add/Remove Hardware Wizard

Add/Remove Programs
Chapter 6

■ Use the Add/Remove Programs tool to

install new software and to remove
■ A vital function of Add/Remove
Programs is to enable you to add and
remove Windows 2000 components
Windows Components
Chapter 6

Component Description

Accessories and Utilities Installs components that include a wizard to configure

accessibility options, accessories such as Notepad,

communications tools, games, and multimedia tools

Certificate Services Used for certification authority for security through


Indexing Service Used to quickly search file contents for specific words or

strings of words

Internet Information Services (IIS) Installs Internet Information Services for a Web site and

for FTP-based file transfers through TCP/IP

Windows Components
(continued) Chapter 6

Component Description

Management and Monitoring Tools Used to manage and monitor the server and the network

Message Queuing Services Services for network-based messaging

Network Services Installs protocols for specialized services that include

DNS, QoS, DHCP, and other services

Other Network File and Print Enables print services for UNIX and Macintosh

Services computers

Remote Installation Services Enables the installation of Windows 2000 Professional on

remote computers that can be booted remotely

Windows Components
(continued) Chapter 6
Component Description

Remote Storage Used to enable Windows 2000 to write files to remote devices,

such as tape drives

Script Debugger Enables debugging of ActiveX script tools, VB script for


Terminal Services Enables clients to run programs on the server as though they

were terminals

Terminal Services Licensing Controls licensing for terminal services

Windows Media Services Used to “stream” multimedia from the server to the clients, so

that an audio/video file starts playing before it is fully received

Administrative Tools
Chapter 6

■ Provides shortcuts to the Windows 2000

Server administrative tools, such as
tools to manage user accounts, the
Active Directory, and IIS
Chapter 6

■ The Date/Time tool is used to configure

the calendar, date, time, and time
Chapter 6

■ The Display tool configures video

characteristics such as the desktop
background, display colors and
resolution, and the appearance of title
Display Options
Chapter 6

Display Option Purpose

Appearance Sets the appearance of desktop entities such as title bars,

application background, windows borders, and icons

Background Sets the display pattern and wallpaper

Effects Sets visual parameters for icons and which icons to

associate with desktop functions

Display Options (continued)
Chapter 6
Display Option Purpose

Screen Saver Sets up a screen saver, controls screen saver parameters,

and controls the energy saving features of your display

(if the display is energy saver compatible)

Settings Sets up the color palette and pixel desktop area and is

used to troubleshoot problems with display settings

Web Sets the properties of Web page displays

Folder Options
Chapter 6

■ Use the Folder Options tool to

customize My Computer, Windows
Explorer, and desktop options
Folder Options Configuration
Chapter 6

Figure 6-3 Folder Options window

Folder Options Tabs
Chapter 6
Folder Option Purpose

General Sets up the active desktop and Web views, customizes how folders are

opened, and determines if items are opened through a single or double click

View Determines how files and folders are viewed, such as whether hidden files and

folders are displayed and if certain file extensions are displayed

File Types Enables you to associate a file type, such as an http file (.htp), with a program

that runs when you open the file, Internet Explorer for example

Offline Files Enables you to set up network files shared by other computers so you can

access them offline by storing the files on the server and synchronizing the

files between the server and network before logging off (an option Windows

2000 Professional users are most likely to use instead of Windows 2000

Server, but available in both operating systems)

Chapter 6

■ The Fonts tool is used to install,

remove, and manage fonts in Windows
Game Controllers
Chapter 6

■ Included more for compatibility with

Windows 2000 Professional and
enables the setup of game controllers,
such as a controller in an expansion slot
or connected to a USB port
Chapter 6

■ The GSNW tool enables you to

configure and manage Gateway
Services for NetWare, when the
Windows 2000 server is setup up to
offer a gateway to files on a NetWare
Internet Options
Chapter 6

■ The Internet Options tool is used to

customize Internet access, such as the
home Web page, storage of temporary
files, and security
Chapter 6

■ The Keyboard tool is used to customize

keyboard parameters such as the
repeat rate and cursor blink rate
Chapter 6

■ The Licensing tool is used to manage

licenses and is the place in which to
add more licenses when they are
purchased as your network grows
Mail and Fax
Chapter 6

■ The Mail and Fax tool enables you to

configure the Windows 2000 Server
mail and fax services, such as mail
reception options and information about
each fax user and fax cover pages
Chapter 6

■ Use the Mouse tool to configure mouse

properties such as pointer symbols and
the mouse response rate
Network and Dial-up
Connections Chapter 6

■ The Network and Dial-up Connections

tool is one you will come to rely on for
configuring all kinds of network
connections, configuring protocols, and
managing other network properties
Troubleshooting Tip
Chapter 6

■ Use the Network and Dial-up

Connections tool to temporarily
disconnect a server from the network
while you are maintaining it or fixing a
Disabling a Connection
Chapter 6

Figure 6-4 Disabling the local area network connection

Phone and Modem Options
Chapter 6

■ The Phone and Modem Options tool

enables you to configure
telecommunications lines, such as setting
modem speed and transmission properties
Power Options
Chapter 6

■ The Power Options tool is used to

configure energy saving features such
as turning off the monitor and hard drive
when they are not in use; plus it is used
to configure communication with an
uninterruptible power source
Chapter 6

■ Use the Printers tool to install, remove,

and manage printers, including making
the Windows 2000 server function as a
print server
Regional Options
Chapter 6

■ The Regional Options tool is used to

customize the time format and
international formats for numbers, the
date, and currency; plus it is used to set
the language used
Scanners and Cameras
Chapter 6

■ The Scanners and Cameras tool is

used to install a scanner card or
configure the attachment of a digital
Scheduled Tasks
Chapter 6

■ The Scheduled Tasks tool is used to

run a task, command, or script at a
particular time
Troubleshooting Tip
Chapter 6

■ If the Task Scheduler is not working,

make sure that the Task Scheduler
service is started and set to start
automatically (use the Computer
Management tool or the Services tool to
Sounds and Multimedia
Chapter 6

■ Use the Sounds and Multimedia tool to

configure sounds with particular actions
and to configure multimedia capabilities
such as compression, MIDI, and other
Chapter 6

■ The System tool enables you to configure

user profiles, the computer’s name,
server performance, and access the
Device Manager
System Properties
Chapter 6

Figure 6-5 System options

Driver Signing
Chapter 6

■ Driver signing: A digital signature that

Microsoft incorporates into driver and
system files as a way to verify the files and
to ensure that they are not inappropriately
System File Checker
Chapter 6

■ The System File Checker is a tool that

is used to find inappropriate versions of
critical files, such as .dll and .sys files
and restore the appropriate versions
Troubleshooting Tip
Chapter 6

■ If you install software from a vendor and

afterward find that certain features of
Windows 2000 Server no longer work
properly, use the System File Checker
to locate which system files have been
overwritten and then to restore those
Configuring the Display
Chapter 6

■ After installing Windows 2000 Server,

use the display tool to:
◆ Check the color and pixel settings
◆ Install a new display driver
◆ Set up a screen saver
◆ Set up the background display
Display Properties
Chapter 6

Figure 6-6 Configuring the display

Troubleshooting Tip
Chapter 6

■ Use the password option with your

screen saver to protect the server from
■ Use a screen saver that is not CPU
Screen Saver Configuration
Chapter 6

Figure 6-7 Screen saver setup

Configuring the Mouse or
Pointing Device Chapter 6

■ Configure the mouse or install a new

pointing device to match the way that
you work, for example you can use the
Mouse tool to install a driver for a
pointing device that you set up to
replace the mouse that came with the
Mouse Setup Options
Chapter 6

Option Purpose

Buttons Sets right-handed and left-handed options, single-click and double-click

options, plus the double-click speed

Hardware Sets up a new mouse and driver and hardware resources, such as the IRQ

Motion Controls the mouse speed or resets the default speed

Pointers Customizes the pointer icons displayed with specific functions such as busy

or text select
Installing a Driver
Chapter 6

Figure 6-8 Installing a pointing device driver

Configuring the Keyboard
Chapter 6

■ Change the keyboard characteristics to

match the way you work or install a new
keyboard and driver
Keyboard Setup Options
Chapter 6

Option Purpose

Hardware Installs a keyboard driver

Input Locales Sets up language and other keyboard properties for locales that

use different languages, such as English and Swedish

Speed Sets up keyboard characteristics such as repeat delay, repeat rate,

and cursor blink rate

Adding, Removing,
and Testing Hardware Chapter 6

■ The Control Panel Add/Remove

Hardware tool can detect a new device
that is installed -- it is also used to
remove a device, unplug a device, and
run a test to determine if a device is
Configuration Tip
Chapter 6

■ For the most automated installation of a

device, make sure that the Plug and
Play service is started and set to start
Uninstalling a Device
Chapter 6

Figure 6-9 Uninstalling a NIC

Configuring Startup
and Recovery Chapter 6

■ Configure the startup sequence and

configure how to recover from a system
■ Example system failure configuration
options are:
◆ Record the failure in the system log
◆ Send an alert
◆ Write debug information in a log
◆ Have the computer attempt to reboot
Configuring Startup
and Recovery Chapter 6

Figure 6-10 Configuring startup and recovery options

Configuring Power Management
Chapter 6

■ Use a default power management

scheme or configure your own
■ Configure power management for the
monitor, disk drives, standby options,
and hibernation
■ Configure UPS power management, if a
UPS is used with the server
Configuring Power Management
Chapter 6

Figure 6-11 Configuring power management

Configuring Protocols
Chapter 6

■ Use the Network and Dial-up

Connections tool in Control Panel to
install, remove, and configure protocols
such as TCP/IP, NWLink, NetBEUI,
DLC, and AppleTalk
General Steps to Install
a Protocol Chapter 6

■ Open the Network and Dial-up

Connections tool from Control Panel or
from the Start button, Settings option
■ Right-click Local Area Connection and
click Properties
■ Click Install, click Protocol, and click
■ Double-click the protocol you want to
Installing a Protocol
Chapter 6

Figure 6-12 Installing a protocol

Installing NWLink
Chapter 6

■ When installing NWLink, make sure that

you configure:
◆ Frame type
◆ Network number
◆ Internal network number (if needed)
Installing NWLink (continued)
Chapter 6

Figure 6-13 Configuring NWLink

Configuring TCP/IP
Chapter 6

■ Typically you will configure static

addressing for a server
■ Parameters associated with static
addressing include:
◆ IP address -- assign a unique address
◆ Subnet mask -- such as
◆ Default gateway -- a computer or router that
forwards communications to another network
◆ DNS server -- to resolve computer names to IP
Configuring TCP/IP (continued)
Chapter 6

Figure 6-14 Configuring TCP/IP

Configuring IPSec
Chapter 6

■ Use the Advanced button in the TCP/IP

Properties to configure IPSec for extra
Configuring IPSec (continued)
Chapter 6

Figure 6-15 Configuring IPSec

Installing Additional
Windows 2000 Components Chapter 6

■ Use the Network and Dial-Up

Connections tool to install additional
networking components such as
Gateway Services for NetWare
■ Use the Add/Remove Programs tool to
install additional software components
such as Network Monitor or Remote
Installation Services
Using the Add/Remove
Programs Tool Chapter 6

Figure 6-16 Adding and configuring components

Troubleshooting Tip:
Check for Resource Conflicts Chapter 6

■ Use the Device Manager or the

Computer Management tool to check
for a resource conflict
■ Example hardware resources include:
◆ Interruptrequest (IRQ) line
◆ I/O address
◆ Reserved memory range
Using Device Manager to
Check for a Conflict Chapter 6

Figure 6-17 Checking for a resource conflict

Chapter Summary
Chapter 6

■ The Control Panel is one of the first

places where you will begin configuring
a newly installed server
■ Some of the Control Panel tools that
you will use most often include the
Add/Remove Hardware tool, the
Add/Remove Programs tool, and the
Network and Dial-up Connections tool
Chapter Summary
Chapter 6

■ Use the driver signing features of

Windows 2000 Server to protect
important system files
■ To prepare for troubleshooting, plan to
become familiar with the Device
Manager and the Computer
Management tool