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SAFETY IN THE WORKSHOP

What are the causes of accidents?


Poor housekeeping Loose clothing Improper use of tools Inaccurate setting-up of machines

House Keeping

Good housekeeping means working tidily and orderly. Always work neatly and return materials and tools to their proper places. Keep working areas unobstructed at all times; when using a machine, keep an unobstructed space around the machine. Grease, oil, tools, loose objects and materials lying around can easily cause a fall. A clean, orderly workshop is a safe workshop. Also maintain floors, walkways, stairways and gangways, ensuring they are skidfree (and leakfree) and clear of obstructions.

Protective clothing
When welding, you need to protect your eyes and respiratory system, as well as your body and your clothing. You should protect yourself against heat, flying particles that are incandescent (glowing with heat) and radiation. You should always: wear safety goggles when using a grinding machine or lathe, or when chipping not wear loose clothing, jewellery, ornaments, a watch or key chain, or a strap when working

close to moving machinery.

Bench Work

Make sure that sharp points of tools and material do not stick out from your workbench. When chipping metal with a chisel, chip in a direction so that cut-off material cannot hit anyone. For your own protection, use a guard where necessary. Do not use chisels with mushroomed heads. Ensure that rolling stock cannot roll off the workbench and injure your feet. Also place heavy objects away from the edge of the bench so that they dont fall.

Bench Work

Right-handed people should cut with a hacksaw on the right-hand side of the vice. If the blade breaks, your hand will move safely away from the vice and the work piece. Ensure that foils have handles. When using a hammer make sure the head is securely fixed. Dont put sharp or pointed tools in your pockets. Dont strike hard metals directly with a hammer the metal may splinter and injure someone. Place a piece of soft material (such as copper) over the metal to act as a shield.

Bench Work
You should always: Wear safety goggles when using a grinding machine or lathe, or when chipping Do not wear loose clothing, jewellery, ornaments, a watch or key chain, or a strap when working close to moving machinery.

Bench Grinder

Only use a machine once the guards are correctly fitted. Check that there is no oil or grease on the floor around the machine. Check that the tool rest is not far from the grinding wheel surface. When starting the machine, dont stand in front of the wheel. Before you start grinding, let the machine idle for a few seconds. If the wheel is running unevenly, dress it with an emery-wheel dresser. Grind only on the face of a straight grinding wheel and never on the side. Use the various wheels only for their intended purpose.

Bench Grinder

Approach the wheel carefully and gradually, and dont job materials onto it. Never force grind so that you slow or stop the motor. Adjust the tool rest only when the wheel is stationary. Clamp work pieces and holding devices safety and firmly.

Mounting of a Grinding Wheel


Select the correct type of wheel for the job. Inspect the wheel for cracks and tap it to apply the ringing test. Never use a grinding wheel which is damaged or which is not properly dressed. Make sure that the wheels speed does not exceed the manufacturers recommendation. On the left is an example of a manufacturers recommendation. Never force the wheel onto the spindle. Use only one smooth paper spacer on each side of the wheel.

Drill Press
Always observe the following: Choose the correctly sharpened drill for the type of work you need to do and the material you are about to drill. Do not leave the key in the chuck when you are not at the machine. Never leave the machine running if unattended. Clamp the work piece securely to the table and do not hold it by hand. Never attempt to stop the work piece by hand if it slips from the clamp.

Drill Press
A drill should run at the correct speed for the job. Dont force a drill into the work piece this may cause broken or splintered drills and possible injury. Use a brush or wooden rod to remove chips from the drill and not your fingers, waste or rags. When reaching around a revolving drill, be careful that your clothes do not get caught in the drill or drill chuck.

Portable Electric Tools


Portable electric tools must be earthed if they are not double insulated. They should be correctly maintained. Their flexible cords should be undamaged and their plugs in good order.

Milling Machine and Lathe


Observe the following precautions: Dont use a machine or come close to its moving parts while wearing loose clothing. Keep any cleaning material such as waste and rags away from rotating parts. Check that there is no oil or grease on the floor around the machine. Dont leave spanners or keys on rotary parts. Always disconnect, remove or stand clear of hand wheels, levers or chuck keys before setting your machine or feeds in motion.

Milling Machine and Lathe


Never apply a wrench to revolving work. Always clamp work pieces and holding devices safely and firmly. A loose fit, especially of spanners and keys, may cause slipping and result in injury. Do not use your hands to remove cuttings while a machine is in motion. Use a wire hook or a brush once the machine has stopped. Never adjust the cutting tool while a machine is running.

Milling Machine and Lathe


Resist the habit of leaning on machinery. This dangerous automatic practice often results in serious injury. Dont attempt to stop a machine by placing your hand on the chuck while the machine is slowing down.

Stacking Articles
An employer must ensure that: persons engaged in stacking operations are safe stacks that are in danger of collapsing are dismantled immediately the stability of stacks is not endangered by vehicles or other machinery or persons moving past them.

Responsibility
The Act places the person in charge of machinery responsible for safety. This person must: Install and properly maintain the machine Repair machinery Ensure that safety appliances, devices and guards are in good condition and properly used Stop anyone from using a dangerous machine.

Floors

All workshop floors should be level, clean, non-slippery and, as far as possible, free from chips or loose material.

Lighting
There must be adequate illumination (lighting) in the workplace. The glare in any workplace must be reduced to a level that does not impair vision. The lighting on rotating machinery must not cause a stroboscopic (flashing) effect. Lights and lamps must be kept clean and maintained. Artificial light must not shine in a machine operators eyes.