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Kosovo Energy System

Energy Situation
Production of electricity is monopoly of Kosovo Energy Company (KEK) Main energy sources

Coal fired power stations

Kosovo A 1960s Kosovo B 1980s

Hydroelectric Stations

KEK production capability 2003

Units Production Capacity (MW) 30 100 100 100 250 250 Damaged by lightning strike July 2002 expected return 2003 Damaged by lightning strike July 2002- expected to return to service 2003 Out of service Out of service since November 2002 Remarks Kosovo A1 Kosovo A2 Kosovo A3 Kosovo A5 Kosovo B1 Kosovo B2

Gazivoda (2 units)


Energy Reserves
Coal/Lignite reserves

Bardh mine Mirash mine Drenica, Dukagjin and Anamorava

Gjilan (Stublovaq)

Uranium Reserves

Thermal water reserve

Kllokot, Banj e Pejs

Lignite Mining Operation Key Sections

Mine Mirash (East and West) Mine Bardh Transportation systems in mines Transportation systems from mines to power plants Separation plants Kosovo A Separation plants Kosovo B Transportation system to neighboring countries

Coal Reserves
Mirash mine

East West side mines working surface area of around 30 km2 1500 employees Main supplier to Kosovo A power plant Present reserve of 4 million tones/expandable to 35 mil tones once rehabilitated Main machines in good condition

Unstable due to lack of preservation Ancillary plant to cover numerous support operations Machines & belts need to be repositioned (time consuming) Machines req.

bulldozers, pipe layers, side cranes, front loaders and small excavators

Coal Reserves
Mine Bardh

working surface area of 4.5 km2 2512 employees main supplier to Kosovo B plant new equipment from Holland and Germany arrived Present reserve of 35 mil tones

neglect over last 10 years has caused loss of conveyor belts due to slippage angle of mining needs to be changed (time consuming) more new machinery and parts for the old ones Ancillary plant to cover numerous support operations new access routes

Coal Production
Improvement of overburden removal process at both mines Install better conveyor belts Better machinery Together have around 70 million tons current capability Overall there is around 11 billion tons of coal varying quality

Ancillary Plants
Need because

support main excavators Ground preparation Positioning of conveyors Preparing roads

New 8 ancillary machines have been delivered to both mines Still need more machines at aprox. cost of 7 million

Overland Transport
Use of rubber conveyor belts Needs fixing up
6km Conveyor Belt

Kosovo A


8km Conveyor Belt

Kosovo B

Coal Quality
Low quality lignite Quality ranges from 6500 kg/kJ - 8500 kg/kJ Ash content is 25% Moisture content is 50% Sulfur Content under 1% Overburden to coal ratio vary 1 to 1 - 3 to 1
(3 cubic meters of overburden to 1 ton of lignite) Heat base cost for Kosovo lignite is $ 1.3/GJ compare to $2/ton of coal that Western Europe pays to import

Energy Sector Money Needs

Total costs estimated by KEK Director Mr A. Mazreku in 2000

Mine Bardh
25,000,000 EURO

Mine Mirash
40,000,000 EURO

Seperation and Drying Plant

35,000,000 EURO

Total spending of 100,000,000 EURO on mine repair Total estimated cost for all damages to the KES

311,000,000 EURO


Mirash mine road is 68,10 km Bardh mine road is 59,50 km Reconstruction of mine roads started in 2001 Overall roads need improvement if export is to be made this way
Good shape Would need access to the mines Connected to the neighborhood countries


Export Possibilities

EU imported approx 154-mil mt of coal in 2000 (80% of its fuel) Higher oil prices Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania depend on import for their energy needs Consumption at 243-mil MT last year Gasification
Europe sees coal as dirty inefficient energy source Green revolution