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THE ISRAELITES WANDERING IN THE WILDERNESS AND THE MT.

SINAI EXPERIENCE

Group 5 : Razon, Sinangote, Valdez

EXODUS 15

THE COVENANT IN MT. SINAI

Three months after the flight, Moses and the Israelites arrive at Mount Sinai, where God appears before them, descending on the mountain in a cloud of thunder and lightning.

God gives Moses two stone tablets with ten commandments inscribed on them regarding general, ethical behavior as well as an extended series of laws regarding worship, sacrifices, social justice, and personal property.

Moses descends from the mountain and relates Gods commandments to the people. The people agree to obey, and Moses sprinkles the people with blood as a sign of the covenant. God gives him more instructions, this time specifying in great detail how to build a portable temple called an ark in which Gods presence will dwell among the Israelites.

Moses comes down from the mountain after forty days, only to find that Aaron and the Israelites have now erected an idola golden calf that they are worshipping in revelry, in direct defiance of the ten commandments.

Moses breaks the stone tablets on which God has inscribed the new laws, and God plans to destroy the people. Moses intercedes on the Israelites behalf, begging God to relent and to remember his covenant. Pleased with Moses, God is appeased and continues to meet with Moses face to face.

10 COMMANDMENTS

I. I am the Lord, thy God. Thou shalt have no other gods before me. II. Thou shalt not carve images, or fashion the likeness of anything in heaven above, or on earth below, or in the waters under the earth, to bow down and worship it. III. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain. IV. Remember to keep the Sabbath Day holy. There are six days for labor, for doing all the work you have to do. When the seventh day comes, it is a day of rest, consecrated to the Lord thy God.

V. Honor thy father and thy mother. That it may be well with Thee, and that Thy days may be long upon the earth. VI. Thou shalt not kill. VII. Thou shalt not commit adultery. VIII. Thou shalt not steal. IX. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor. X. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbors house, or set thy heart upon thy neighbors wife, or servant or handmaid or ox or donkey or anything else that is his.

Towards Mt. Sinai

LEVITICUS

God lists various types of forbidden sexual behavior and discusses foods and physical conditions that can make a person unclean An unclean person must leave the Israelite camp or undergo physical cleansing, waiting periods, and religious sacrifices. Typically, sexual sins are punishable by death, but God also instructs the Israelites to kill a man who blasphemes, or curses Gods name.

God places particular emphasis on the prohibition against eating meat with blood still in it: doing so will result in banishment, not only from Israel but from Gods graces as well. God promises to give Israel great abundance and success if it obeys these laws. If Israel is disobedient, though, God will send destruction and famine and abhor the Israelites (26:30). As long as the Israelites confess and repent for their sins, God promises to keep his covenant and never leave them.

NUMBERS

Israel prepares to continue the journey from Mount Sinai to the promised land. God devotes one of the twelve tribes, the Levites, to assist Aaron in the work of the priesthood, maintaining and watching over Israels religious articles. After dedicating the Tabernacle, which houses the Ark of the Covenant, the Israelites leave Sinai, guided by the movements of a cloud that rests over the Tabernacle.

Moses sends spies into Canaan to explore the promised land. Upon returning, two of the spies, Joshua and Caleb, report that Israel can successfully conquer the Canaanite people with Gods help. God relents but delivers a heavy curse. He announces that the current generation of Israelites, with the exception of Joshua and Caleb, will not be allowed to enter the promised land. Moses leads the people back toward the Red Sea to wander in the wilderness for a period of forty years.

Another revolt occurs when three men grow jealous of Mosess leadership. Moses warns the people that the men will die as a result of their own disobedience. God causes the ground to open and swallow the men, but the Israelites blame Moses and Aaron for the incident. Very angry, God sends a rapidly spreading plague through the crowd, killing thousands. Aaron runs out into the crowd and holds up the priests censer to atone for Israels wrongdoing, stopping the plague in its destructive path.

God instructs Moses to speak to a rock and command it to produce water.

DEUTERONOM Y

Moses addresses the new generation of Israelites in preparation for entering the promised land-Stationed east of the Jordan River He forbids the worship of other gods or idols in the new land and repeats the Ten Commandments given by God at Mount Sinai. Moses restates many of the social laws and rules of conduct outlined in Leviticus, adding a few new laws, such as the requirement for the Israelites to cancel debts every seven years.

Moses stresses Gods love for Israel, describing God as someone who protects orphans, widows, and oppressed people. Moses argues that the love of God and a commitment to his laws will be considered goodness for Israel (6:25) At Gods direction, Moses composes a song that recounts Israels history of unfaithfulness and extols Gods everlasting compassion.

Moses encouraged the people to follow their new leader, Joshua, and to go across and take the land which had been promised to Abraham. The author praises him as the only prophet in Israels history who performed such impressive miracles and who knew God face to face (34:10).

VALUES
The Israelites Sojourn in the Wilderness

Obedience and Trust

The Ten Commandments


law system offers basic rules of behavior for spiritual and moral living guide Israel into a life of practical holiness expose sin and show us God's holy standard

Harmony

Travel to Sinai
Unity was a prerequisite for Sinai: An event with such earthshaking consequences could only be possible with unity

Acceptance

Fear

Exodus 19:7-8
So Moses went back and summoned the elders of the people, and set before them all the words the Lord had commanded him to speak. The people all responded together, "Everything that God has spoken we shall do!"

Exodus 20:18-19
When the people saw the thunder and lightning and heard the trumpet and saw the mountain in smoke, they trembled with fear. They stayed at a distance and said to Moses, Speak to us yourself and we will listen. But do not have God speak to us or we will die.

Communication
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God spoke in a manner which was unmistakable: a supernatural revelation No one could doubt that the sounds, which the people "saw, emanated from God Reveals the truth that the transcendent God was, in fact, communicating with man

Worship

We are created to worship


"When you follow the trail of your time, energy, and money, you find a throne. And whatever or whomever is on that throne is the object of your worship! Do you have an idol that is keeping the one true God from being on the center of your throne of

Failure Salvation
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DisThe history of the wilderness journey underscores Israels need for sanctification and purification: - worship of the golden calf - failure to enter the Land because of unbelief - constant grumbling and rebellion

Sovereign grace

The Egyptians were judged with respect to their idolatry, but the Israelites were rescued and spared, in spite of having become associated with their oppressors in idolatrous practices
Deuteronomy 7:7; 9:4-6 The source of Israels privilege lies exclusively in free divine grace, not in any good qualities possessed by the people from themselves

Righteous Anger

Destroyed tablets
The breaking of the tablets was symbolic of the laws of God being broken in the hearts of the people Moses had righteous anger at the sight of sin: a sign of spiritual health we should always be careful that righteous anger does not lead us to sin

Love

Deuteronomy 7:7-9

The Lord did not set his affection on you and choose you because you were more numerous than other people. But it was because the Lord loved you and kept the oath he swore to your forefathers that he brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from slavery. Know therefore that the Lord your God is God; he is the faithful God, keeping his covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love him and keep his commands.