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Presented By :-

Ashoka Kumar Mishra

R. N. :- 0521106012

Techniques Used
Case Study
Electric power distribution system is an important part of
electrical power systems in delivery of electricity to
consumers. Electric power utilities worldwide are increasingly
adopting the computer aided monitoring, control and
management of electric power distribution system to provide
better services to electric consumers. Therefore, research
and development activities worldwide are being carried out to
automate the electric power distribution system utilizing
recent advancement in the area of Information Technology
(IT) and data communication system.
Power system automation focuses use of
transformers, circuit breakers, relays, generators, capacitors,
regulators, monitoring, and control equipment in a efficient
Data Acquisition System :
Data acquisition refers to collection of data in the form of

analog measured voltage and current.

Power system supervision
Computer processes ,personnel supervises and monitor
The status and condition of power system using the acquired
Power system control
Control refers to sending messages to a device to operate
I&C and power system devices.
Contd …
I&C System IEDs
I&C devices uses microprocessor based intelligent electronic
devices to process data, accept commands and communicate
information between the power network.

Instrument Transformer
These are extensively used for
Sensing and measuring current and
voltage in power system

Contd …
Remote Terminal Unit :-
RTU is an IED which is installed at
the remote location and acts as a
termination point of network.Dedicated
pair of copper conductor is used to
sense every contacts and transducer

 metering
It is an IED which is used for
measurement of accurate values of
voltage, current , power and power factor
and stores the historical data.

Contd …
Digital Fault Recorder
It is an IED which records
disturbances. It stores data like
frequency, voltage and
harmonics in digital format.

Protective Relays
A Protective relay is an IED used to sense power
disturbances and automatically control action on the power
system to protect the equipment.
Automated Meter Reading
It is a communication service which transfers data from
utility meters to control panel.
Contd …
Benefits of AMR
• Reduces Labour cost
•Improves safety of personnel working in high risk fields
•Improves bill accuracy
Case Study in INDIA
The distribution systems in india have grown in an unplanned
manner resulting in high system losses in addition to poor quality
of supply.
Efficient operation and maintenance of distribution system in
India is hampered by non-availability of system topological
information, current health information of the distribution
components like distribution transformers and feeders, historical
data etc. The other reasons are the lack of use of efficient tools
for operational planning and advanced methodology for quick
detection of fault, isolation of the faulty section and service
restoration etc. Currently, fault detection, isolation and service
restoration takes a long time causing the interruption of supply
for a longer duration. Manual meter reading, delay in billing,
faulty and inaccurate metering, tampering of meters and
pilferage of electricity are some of the main reasons for poor
return of revenue to electricity utilities in India.
In Indian utility distribution system, the technical and
commercial losses are around 45%. It is envisaged that the
technical part of the losses can be brought down to the
minimum value with the implementation of distribution
automation system. Currently reported transformer failure rate
of around 15-20 % in Indian distribution systems is mainly due
to non-availability of transformer health parameters and its
loading conditions. This can be brought down to around 1%
with the help of distribution automation system. Cost/benefit
analysis of DA system justifies the capital investment for
distribution automation system .
 Reduced technical and Commercial losses
 Improved Operational Planning and Remote Load
 Enhanced Power Quality Service
 Reliability in Electrical Protection
 Display of real time substation information in a
central control room
 Advanced supervisory control over the power
 Intelligent Load Shedding

 Meeting the Load Demand Management

 Substation Monitoring and Information
 Reduction of Power Interruption
 Reduction of Voltage Flicker Using Adoptive VAR
 Load Forecasting

Power utilities have realized the need for full scale distribution
automation to achieve on-line system information and remote
control system. The main motivation for accepting the
distribution automation in developing countries such as India
is to improve operating efficiency of distribution system.