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By: 9th Grade student Freshmen Biology

Word Origin
Greek
Means Bony Fish Osteon = bone, ichthyes = fish

Important Body Parts


Bony fish skeleton is made of bone, which is an

important characteristic. Other structural feature in bony fish is a flap called the operculum a flap on each side of the head that covers the gills. The movements of these flaps allow the fish to breathe without moving.

A Little Bit About the Phylum


Class Osteichthyes = Phylum Chordata
DEFINITION: organisms that possess a structure

called a notochord, at least during some part of their development. The notochord is a rod that extends most of the length of the body when it is fully developed. it stiffens the body and acts as support during locomotion.

Where in the World????


Literally. Where in the world are these organisms??

Comparing Common Organisms in Class Osteichthyes


3 most common:
a) Ocean Sunfish b) Oarfish c) Goliath Grouper

Ocean Sunfish
3 Types:
a) Mola mola: Most Common, Typically silvery in color with a slight opalescent sheen, can exhibit strikingly changeable spotty patterns, they presently hold the record for the worlds heaviest bony fish b) Masturus lanceolatus: sharp-tailed, can also reach a big size, smoother skin, produce less mucus c) Ranzania laevis: never reaches more than a couple of feet in length, are the most colorful and rarest of the ocean sunfishes, have a smooth and thinner skin, vertically oriented mouth.

Oarfish
Longest Bony Fish in the sea
10-50 feet long Also called Ribbon Fish have a habit of floating near the surface of the water when

they are sick or dying Because of this, it is believed that the oarfish may be responsible for many of the legendary sightings of sea monsters and sea serpents by ancient mariners and beach goers not considered edible Found on shore in Malibu

Goliath Grouper
can weigh as much as 800 pounds
The oldest goliath grouper on record is 37 years especially susceptible to overfishing recognized as a "Critically Endangered" species by the

World Conservation Union

Common Features in Phylum Chordata


bilateral symmetry
segmented body, including segmented muscles three germ layers and a well-developed coelom. single, dorsal, hollow nerve cord, usually with a brain tail projecting beyond the anus at some stage of

development pharyngeal pouches present at some stage of development complete digestive system bony or cartilaginous endoskeleton usually present.

Most Common Osteichthyes


Gizzard Shad
Atlantic Menhaden Sunset Platy Threadfin Shad Red Ear Sardine Dwarf Herring

Bibliography
http://www.seaworld.org/infobooks/BonyFish/habitat

.html http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/gallery/descript/goliat hgrouper/goliathgrouper.html http://www.bio.fsu.edu/coleman_lab/goliath_grouper. php http://www.seasky.org/deep-sea/oarfish.html http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2010/12/oarfis h-malibu-deep-ocean-rare.html http://oceansunfish.org/lifehistory.php

Bibliography Continued
http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts

/information/Chordata.html http://www.nvcc.edu/home/sotsuka/taxonomy/taxon/ chordata/osteichthyes.htm http://www.sms.si.edu/irlspec/Cl_Osteic.htm