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Alphanumeric Keyboard A very common, general purpose, input device that allows text (abc), numbers (123) and

symbols (%$@...) to be entered into a computer.

Numeric Keypad

Applications where only numeric data is to be entered. Inserting personal identification number (PIN) for Chip and PIN credit/debit cards, or when using an ATM machine to withdraw money or check a bank balance


A pointing device found on most PCs. Sensors on the bottom of the mouse detect when the mouse is moved. Data about this movement is sent to the computer. Often used to control the pointer in a GUI.
-Clicking on files -Double Clicking icons -Dragging and dropping Icons -Right clicking on Icons or files.

4 Functions of the mouse

Touchpad / Trackpad A pointing device found on most laptops. Used instead of a mouse since it takes up less space. The user moves a finger across the touch pad and this movement data is sent to the computer. Usually used to control the pointer in a GUI.

Trackball / Tracker Ball This pointing device is not moved about like a mouse, instead it has a large ball that the user spins. Data about which direction the ball is spun is passed to the computer. It can be used to control a GUI pointer. Tracker balls are often used by people with limited movement (disabled) or by the very young since they are easier to use than a mouse.

Using remote control devices to operate TVs, video players / recorders, DVD players/ recorders, satellite receivers, HiFi music systems, data or multimedia projectors

JOYSTICK Used by a pilot to fly an aeroplane or flight simulator. Used in car driving simulators and for playing games

TouchScreen Selecting from a limited list of options e.g. certain POS uses such as cafes, tourist information kiosks, public transport enquiries. May be used for handwriting recognition in a PDA or Tablet PC

Scanner Entering hard copy images into a computer

Digital Camera Taking photographs for input to computers, for input to photo printers



Automatic washing machines, automatic cookers, central heating controllers, computercontrolled greenhouses, scientific experiments and environmental monitoring

Uses of Temperature Sensor

Pressure Sensor

Burglar alarms, automatic washing machines, robotics, production line control, scientific experiments and environmental monitoring

Light Sensor Computer controlled greenhouses, burglar alarm systems, robotics, production line control, scientific experiments and environmental monitoring

Graphic Tablet

Inputting freehand drawings or retouch photographs

OMR (Optical Mark Reader)

Inputting pencil marks on a form such as a school register, candidate exam answers, any application involving input of a choice of options


Inputting moving pictures, often prerecorded, into a computer


Inputting moving pictures from a fixed position into a computer


Where desktop space is limited, it is used instead of a mouse or for drawing applications where a graphics tablet might be too big

Barcode Reader Inputting code numbers from products at a POS terminal, library books and membership numbers

Chip Reader and PINPad

Payment cards, ID cards, door control systems, public transport tickets

Magnetic Strip reader

At POS terminals, ATMs and in security applications

MICR (Magnetic ink Character Reader)

The banking Industry use MICR to read data on checks. Data such as check number, bank branch code and account number are printed at the bottom of the cheque using special magnetic ink.

OCR (Optical Character Reader) Inputting text to a computer ready for processing by another software package such as word processors, spreadsheets, databases etc.



CRT MONITOR Applications where space is not a problem. Applications where more than one user may need to view screen simultaneously such as in design use, e.g. when several designers may need to offer suggestions on a prototype


Applications where space is limited such as small offices. Applications where only one person needs to view the screen such as individual workstations

Multimedia Projector Applications such as training presentations, advertising presentations and home cinema it displays data from computers, pictures from televisions and video/DVD recorders

Laserjet Printer

Applications which require low noise and low chemical emissions, e.g. most networked systems. Applications which require rapid, high quality and high volumes of output, e.g. most offices and schools

Inkjet Printer Applications which require portability and low volume output, where changing cartridges is not an issue e.g. small offices and stand alone systems. Applications which require very high quality output and where speed is not an issue, e.g. digital camera applications

DotMatrix Printer Applications where noise is not an issue and copies have to be made, e.g. industrial environments (multipart forms, continuous stationery, labels etc.), car sales and repair companies, manufacturing sites


CAD applications, particularly where large printouts are required such as A0

SPEAKER Any application which requires sound to be output such as multimedia presentations and websites including encyclopaedias. Applications that require musical output such as playing of music CDs and DVD films

MOTORS Automatic washing machines, automatic cookers, central heating controllers, computer-controlled greenhouses, microwave ovens, robotics, production line control


Automatic cookers, microwave ovens

HEATERS Automatic washing machines, automatic cookers, central heating controllers, computercontrolled greenhouses

LIGHT/LAMPS computercontrolled green house.

How to: load/Open Files enter and edit text Place and manipulate images Incorporate data from other sources Set the page size Set the page orientation Set the top, bottom, left and right margins Set columns Set and handle page, section and column breaks Create and edit headers and footers

Set fonts
Emphasize text Format text including lists

Insert and edit tables

Set line spacing Set alignment (fully justified, left aligned, right

aligned and centered) Indent text Proof read and correct documents Using spell check facilities