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A Point to Point Microwave

Link
between
Mataas na Lupa, Lipa City,
Batangas
and
Paharang Batangas City

INTRODUCTION
Microwave transmission refers to the technology of
transmitting information by the use of the radio waves
called microwaves (frequency of 1Ghz 30 Ghz) whose
wavelengths are conveniently measured in small
numbers of centimeters, by using various electronic
technologies. And due to its advantages, like using small
size antenna with high gain, and with increase reliability
but less maintenance, microwave links are used at many
different applications today.

Site Considerations

The SITE LOCATION


Site A (Mataas na Kahoy, Lipa City)

Site B (Paharang, Batangas City)

From Site A to Site B

Design Considerations
Path Length
And
Frequency Bands

LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE


COMPUTATION

SITE

Site A
Site B

LATITUDE LONGITUD
E
13 56
121 9 1.67
48.33
13 45 5.89 121 8 25

PATH LENGTH
PATH
LENGTH

AZIMUTH
A(Mataas na
KAHOY)

AZIMUTH
B(Paharang)

USING MAP

20.00 km

USING
GREAT
CIRCLE
METHOD

20.29km

183620.52

3611.74

USING
INVERSE
POSITION
METHOD

20.24 km

183735.01

3726.27

FREQUENCY BAND

Band (GHz)

38
26
23
18
15
13
7

Frequency
Range (GHz)
37.00 40.00
24.50 26.50
21.20 23.60
17.70 19.70
14.20 15.37
12.75 13.25
7.10 8.50

Low Band
(GHz)
37.00 38.60
24.50 25.60
21.20 22.45
17.70 18.90
14.20 14.93
12.75 12.98
7.10 7.90

High Band
(GHz)
38.30 40.00
25.40 26.50
22.35 23.60
18.35 19.70
14.37 15.37
13.01 13.25
7.70 8.50

Channel Plans
FREQUENCY BAND
FREQUENCY RANGE
LOW BAND FREQUENCY
RANGE
HIGH BAND FREQUENCY
RANGE
CHANNEL BANDWIDTH

15GHz
14.20 GHz to 15.37GHz
14.20 GHz to 14.93GHz
14.37 GHz to 15.37GHz
14 MHz

Design
Considerations
Link Budget

Distance Distance
Path
from A from B Elevation
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

330
310
299
287
259
250
228
210
200
188
162
154
138
130
110
110
110
89
90
90
137

Earth
Curvature

Terrain
Type

Ground
Elevation

0
1.117647059
2.117647059
3
3.764705882
4.411764706
4.941176471
5.352941176
5.647058824
5.823529412
5.882352941
5.823529412
5.647058824
5.352941176
4.941176471
4.411764706
3.764705882
3
2.117647059
1.117647059
0

urban
plantation
woods
woods
woods
woods
woods
woods
woods
woods
residential
scrub
scrub
scrub
scrub
scrub
scrub
scrub
scrub
scrub
residential

330
311.1176471
301.1176471
290
262.7647059
254.4117647
232.9411765
215.3529412
205.6470588
193.8235294
167.8823529
159.8235294
143.6470588
135.3529412
114.9411765
114.4117647
113.7647059
92
92.11764706
91.11764706
137

Distance
from A
0

Distance
from B
20

330

19

Lhf

LF

LK

330

330

0
2.833375

1.117647

333.951

18

330

3.900125

2.117647

336.0178

17

330

4.642077

337.6421

16

330

5.200167

3.764706

338.9649

15

330

5.629345

4.411765

340.0411

14

330

5.957539

4.941176

340.8987

13

330

6.200803

5.352941

341.5537

12

330

6.368877

5.647059

342.0159

11

330

6.467625

5.823529

342.2912

10

10

330

6.500208

5.882353

342.3826

11

330

6.467625

5.823529

342.2912

12

330

6.368877

5.647059

342.0159

13

330

6.200803

5.352941

341.5537

14

330

5.957539

4.941176

340.8987

15

330

5.629345

4.411765

340.0411

16

330

5.200167

3.764706

338.9649

17

330

4.642077

337.6421

18

330

3.900125

2.117647

336.0178

Larger

Clearance

Clearance

Clearance

1st

60%

150%

1st

1st

60%

150%

Fresnel

Fresnel

Fresnel

1st

1st Fresnel

(m)

(m)

Fresnel(m)

(m)

0.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

375.00

375.00

375.00

4.41

39.82

41.59

37.62

360.94

362.70

358.74

6.07

38.51

40.94

35.48

349.63

352.06

346.59

7.23

38.82

41.71

35.21

338.82

341.71

335.21

8.09

55.54

58.78

51.49

328.31

331.54

324.26

8.76

53.58

57.08

49.20

317.99

321.49

313.61

9.27

64.89

68.60

60.25

307.83

311.54

303.19

9.27

73.24

76.95

68.60

298.18

301.89

293.54

9.91

72.24

76.21

67.28

287.89

291.85

282.93

10.07

74.26

78.29

69.23

278.08

282.11

273.05

10.12

80.50

84.55

75.44

268.38

272.43

263.32

10.07

98.96

102.99

93.93

258.78

262.81

253.75

9.91

105.64

109.61

100.68

249.29

253.25

244.33

9.65

104.55

108.41

99.72

239.90

243.76

235.07

9.27

115.69

119.40

111.05

230.63

234.34

225.99

8.76

107.08

110.58

102.70

221.49

224.99

217.11

8.09

98.74

101.98

94.69

212.51

215.74

208.46

7.23

111.72

114.61

108.11

203.72

206.61

200.11

6.07

103.11

105.54

100.08

195.23

197.66

192.19

4.41

96.12

97.89

93.92

187.24

189.00

185.04

0.00

25.00

87.8

25.00

182.00

182.00

182.00

400.00
350.00
300.00
250.00
200.00
150.00
100.00

50.00
0.00

Clearance 1st
Fresnel(m)
Clearance
60% 1st
Fresnel(m)

Design
Considerations
Link Budget

TRANSMISSION LINE LOSS


Parameter

For 14.62 GHz

For 14.79 GHz

Microwave Radio Output


Power
Connector Loss

22 dBm

22 dBm

0.5 dB

0.5 dB

Waveguide Loss (Transmitter)

4.7622 dB

4.722 dB

Connector Loss

0.5 dB

0.5 dB

Antenna Gain (Transmitter)

46 dBi

46 dBi

Free Space Loss (FSL)

141.7195474 dB

141.8199634 dB

Antenna Gain (Receiver)

46 dBi

46 dBi

Connector Loss

0.5 dB

0.5 dB

Waveguide Loss (Receiver)

4.7622 dB

4.722 dB

Connector Loss

0.5 dB

0.5 dB

Power Input to Receiver


(RSL)
Minimum Receiver Threshold

-39.2439474

-39.2639634 dB

-84.5 dBm

-84.5 dBm

Thermal Fade Margin

45. 2560526 dB

45.2360366 dB

PATH LOSSES
Path Losses
Free Space Loss
Oxygen Absorption Loss
Water Vapor Loss
Rain Attenuation

Low Band
141.7195474
0.1638461564
0.606472478
-3.714065569

High Band
141.8199634
0.1649300385
0.6328877856
-3.600725609

Unit
dB
dB
dB
dB

FADE MARGINS
Fade Margins
Thermal Fade Margin
Flat Fade Margin
Effective Fade Margin
Rain Fade Margin

Low Band
45. 2560526
42.08183526
42.07973156
38.31609027

High Band
45.2360366
41.42791882
41.42610912
38.20446771

Unit
dB
dB
dB
dB

RELIABILITY
Reliability

K-Q Reliability
K-Q Reliability due to rain
K-Q Reliability with Terrain Roughness
K-Q Reliability w/ Terrain Roughness due
to rain

Low Band
99.99999446
99.99999764
99.99999998

High Band
99.99999347
99.99999715
99.99999998

Unit
%
%
%

99.99999999

99.99999999