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Regenerated manmade fibre

Efforts by….
Rahul
Sunil
Anant
• Fibers are natural or chemical structures that
can be spun into yarns. Yarns then can be
weaved, knitted, or bonded into fabrics. Fiber
properties and behavior are directly related
to fabric performance and care. Learning
about fibers and their characteristics will
help you to understand fabrics better.
• Four major natural fibers and 23 man-made
fibers are available. Natural fibers come from
plants and animals. The plant fibers---cotton and
linen---are made of cellulose. Animal fibers, silk
and wool, are made of protein.
• Two classes of man-made fibers are those
adapted from cellulose (cellulosic) and those
made entirely of chemicals (noncellulosic).
Noncellulosic man-made fibers often are called
synthetics.
• Each fiber is identified by a generic name. The Textile
Fiber Products Identification Act that officially established
the generic fiber classifications became effective in
1960. All fibers (natural or man-made), yarns, fabrics,
and household textile articles (includes articles of
wearing apparel, draperies, floorcoverings, furnishings,
beddings, and other textiles customarily used in a
household), are covered by this Act.
• In addition to generic names, there are hundreds of trade
names or trademarks. A trade name or trademark is the
word or symbol used by fiber producers to distinguish
their products from the products of other manufacturers.
NATURAL FIBERS

Cotton, Linen, Silk, and Wool

MAN-MADE FIBERS

Cellulosic Synthetic

Acetate Acrylic Nytril

Rayon Anidex Olefin

Triacetate Aramid PBI

  Azlon Polyester

  Glass Rubber

  Lastrile Saran

  Metallic Spandex

  Modacrylic Sulfar

  Novoloid Vinal

  Nylon Vinyon
Silk-like, soft, 
and 
drapable.  Most must be dry-
Blouses, dresses, 
Relatively  cleaned. If 
foundation 
fast  washable, use gentle 
Acetate  garments, lingerie, 
drying.  cycle, mild 
linings, shirts, 
Shrink and  detergent, and warm 
Trademark  slacks, and 
moth  water. Drip dry and 
names:  sportswear. Found in 
resistant.  press with low 
Airloft,  fabrics such as 
Sensitive  temperature on 
Celebrate brocade, crepe, 
to heat,  wrong side while 
,Chromsp double knit, faille, 
silverfish,  damp. Use a fabric 
un,  jersey, lace, satin, 
mildew,  softener to reduce 
Estron  taffeta, tricot, and in 
and  static cling. Can lose 
blends with other 
acetone  body during 
man-made fibers.
(nail  laundering process.
polish 
remover).
N
AT
U
RA
Characteristics Uses Care

FI
BE
RS

Blouses, dresses, shirts,  Machine wash in hot water for 
C Strong, absorbent,  sportswear, underwear, diapers,  white and warm water for colored 
o comfortable, and versatile.  towels, curtains, and upholstery.  fabrics. Many brightly colored 
Wrinkles easily. May  Found in fabrics such as  cottons have dyes that may bleed 
tt shrink unless treated.  broadcloth, poplin, terry,  in wash water or rub off during 
o Sensitive to mildew and to  corduroy, seersucker, and denim.  wearing. To help control dye loss, 
n silverfish. Found in fabric blends with man- wash separately. Press at high 
made and other natural fibers. temperature while damp.

Li Very absorbent, strong, 
Blouses, dresses, suits, draperies,  Most must be dry-cleaned. If 
and durable. Sometimes 
n and table linens. Found in light-,  preshrunk, can be laundered in 
stiff and wrinkles easily. 
e medium-, and heavy-weight  hot water; press at high 
Generally resists insects. 
n woven fabrics. temperature while very damp.
Sensitive to mildew.
Strong, absorbent, soft,  Most must be dry-cleaned. If 
S and lightweight. Resists  Blouses, dresses, suits, scarves,  washable, use cool temperatures 
soil and wrinkling.  and lingerie. Found in fabrics such  and mild detergent. Press on 
il Sensitive to perspiration,  as crepe, brocade, satin, and  wrong side while damp, using cool 
k moths, and beetles. Some  taffeta. temperature. Do not use chlorine 
silks may water spot. bleach.
A natural insulator, can be  Most must be dry-cleaned. If 
W Sweaters, socks, sportswear, 
easily molded and shaped,  machine washable, use warm 
dresses, suits, blankets, and 
o absorbent, resilient, and  water and tumble dry. If hand 
carpets. Found in light-, medium-, 
o wrinkle-resistant. 
and heavy-weight, woven, 
washable, use mild suds and cool 
l Sensitive to mildew,  water; block flat to dry. Do not 
nonwoven, and knit fabrics.
moths, and beetles. use chlorine bleach.
Highly 
absorbent, 
Blouses, coats, dresses, 
soft, 
Rayon  jackets, lingerie, 
comfortable,  Follow care label 
linings, millinery, 
and  instructions precisely. 
Trademark  draperies, rainwear, 
drapable.  Some rayons may need 
names:  slacks, sport shirts, 
Some rayons  to be dry-cleaned. 
Avril,  sportswear, suits, ties, 
wrinkle  Some are washable 
Beau- work clothes, and 
easily and  but do not wring or 
Grip,  upholstery. Found in a 
become  twist. Drip dry and 
Courcel,  range of woven and 
weak when  press on wrong side 
Durvil,  nonwoven apparel and 
wet.  while damp.
Zantrel  home furnishing 
Sensitive to 
fabrics.
mildew and 
silverfish.
Drapable. Resists  Dresses, skirts, 
Machine wash using 
shrinking, stretching,  sportswear, 
Triacetate  gentle cycle, mild 
and wrinkling. Low  draperies, and 
Trademark  detergent, and 
strength. Sensitive to  upholstery. Also, 
name:  warm water. Drip 
heat, mildew,  found in blends 
Arnel  dry or machine dry 
silverfish, and acetone  with other man-
at low temperature.
(nail polish remover). made fibers.
Trademarks