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2G/3G Inter-Operability

Nov 30th, 2005

Network Topology
2G HLR

2G MSC

2G SMSC

2G PS (SGSN/GGSN)
ZXWN MSCS ZXWN SMSC ZXWN MGW DST WAP Gateway ZXWN HLR 2G MMS

DST Backbone

ZXWR RNC

Router

Internet
ZXWN SGSN ZXWN GGSN

ZXWR NodeB

WAP Portal Java Streaming

SMS Inter-Operability
SMS GW ZTE 3G SMSC

1. 2.

ZTE is proposing a dedicated 3G SMSC. 3G MSCS connects with 2G SMSC and HLR through 2G MSC, 2G MSC working as STP. 3G trial user is allowed to send SMS to another 3G trial user or DST 2G user. 3G trial user is not allowed to send SMS to any other PLMN network, both international and domestic. ZTE 3G SMSC will not forward the SMS to SMS GW and will send failure notice to 3G trial user. All MO SMS of 3G users must be through 3G SMSC, even when 3G user is roaming in DST 2G network.

DST 2G SMSC MSCS

3.
2G MSC

4.
MGW

BSC

RNC

2G HLR

3G HLR

5.
NodeB

BTS

SMS Inter-Op: Configuration Needed


DST HLR 3G HLR Physical connection Logical connection DST SMSC 3G SMSC

DST MSC

MSC Server

MGW

BSS

RNS

DST SMSC/HLR/MSC Configuration Parameter Parameter 3G MSC GT 3G HLR GT 3G MSISDN NUM 3G 3G 3G MCC MNC Data 6738996000 6738994000 6738990 528 09 6738796000

SMSC GT

Implementation: Step by Step


SMS Inter-Operability By ZTE:
1) To provide engineering plan for implementing ZTE 3G SMSC. 2) To install ZTE 3G SMSC equipment. 3) To provide ZTE SMSC HLR/MSC configuration parameter (if change). 3) To provide DST SMSC/HLR/MSC configuration parameter (if change).

By DST

4) To implement the connection, configure parameters such as MSC GT, HLR GT, MCC, MNC, MSISDN NUM (if change). To finish testing and debugging.
a) test SMS between 3G user and 2G user. b) test SMS between 3G user and 3G roaming user.

c) test SMS between 2G user and 3G roaming user.


d) test SMS between 3G roaming users.

MMS Inter-Operability
DST MMSC
DST WAP Gateway

2G SMSC

IP D

2G SGSN

2G GGSN
DST Firewall

IP C

IP B ZXWR NodeB IP A

Internet
ZTE FireWall ZTE Router

RNC

3G SGSN

3G GGSN

UE:10.10.X.X 3G GGSN: 192.168.8.250 ZTE FW IP A:192.168.8.249Security Level=100(High) ZTE FW IP B:172.1.1.1(suppose)Security Level=50(Middle) DST FW IP C:172.1.1.2 (suppose) DST FW IP D:172.2.1.1 (suppose) WAP GW:172.2.1.2 (suppose) MMSC:172.2.1.3(suppose) Router:202.152.64.28 A B:Default B A:ZTE Configure

MMS Flow
MMSC

1.

1.2. WAP PUSH

1.1. WSP/HTTP POST 2.3. WSP/HTTP GET WAP Gateway

3G trial user is allowed to send MMS to another 3G trial user or DST 2G user.

2.

As indicated by the red lines, all WAP Push


messages to 2G and 3G users must be through 2G SMSC.

2G SMSC 1.3. WSP/HTTP GET 3G GGSN 2G GGSN

2.2. WAP PUSH

2G MSC

Mobile data network


2G SGSN
2.1. WSP/HTTP POST 3G Roaming UE Or 2G MS

Mobile data network


3G SGSN 3G MSCS

3G UE

Physical Connection
The distance between ZTE Firewall and DST Firewall
If distance<100m, connecting with Ethernet If 100m<distance<300m, connecting with E1 If distance>300m, recommend connecting through Fiber

Implementation: Step by Step


MMS Inter-Operability By ZTE: By DST

1) To finish physical connection between 2G PS firewall with 3G PS firewall. 2) To provide IP address of 2G PS firewall (IP C) and ZTE firewall (IP B), and implement the connection. 3) To provide ZTE HLR/MSC/Firewall configuration parameter. 3) To provide DST SMSC/MMSC/HLR/MSC/Firewall/WAP GW configuration parameter.

4) To implement the connection, configure parameters such as 2G SMSC GT, MMSC IP, UE IP, SGSN IP, GGSN IP, Firewall IP, MSC GT, HLR GT. Then finish testing and debugging. All WAP push messages are sent by 2G SMSC. a) test MMS between 3G user and 2G user. b) test MMS between 3G user and 3G roaming user. c) test MMS between 2G user and 3G roaming user. d) test MMS between 3G roaming users.

2G/3G Inter-Operability: Roaming


2G HLR

E1 connection between 2G and 3G


2G MSC

ZXWN MGW

ZXWN MSCS

ZXWN HLR

ZXWR RNC

Phase I: To implement 3G->2G by PLMN selection


3G subscribers roam to 2G network by PLMN selection. The process takes about 1~3 minutes.

ZXWR NodeB Selibajawan/20

Phase II: To implement 3G->2G by cell re-selection


3G subscribers can roam to 2G network by 3G->2G cell reselection. The process takes about 15~30 seconds.

Implementation: Step by Step (Phase I)


2G/3G Roaming Phase I By ZTE By DST

1 To confirm the staff that participate in the connection testing and debugging. To confirm the schedule. 2 To confirm physical connection between ZTE and Alcatel using the existing E1 between 3G MGW and 2G SSP 3 To provide connection parameter with each other. 4) To implement the connection, finish testing and debugging. a) for 3G user roaming to 2G network: finish GT translation in 3G HLR. b) for 3G roaming user receiving a call: finish call number analysis and GT translation. 4To implement the connection, finish testing and debugging.. a) 3G IMSI analysis and GT translation in 2G MSCVLR: to implement 3G user roaming to 2G network. b) when 3G roaming user receive a call, 2G MSC should make configuration to connect the call. c) when 3G roaming user originate a call, 2G MSC should route the call accordingly and control the call barring to other network.

Implementation: Step by Step (Phase II)


2G/3G Roaming Phase II
By ZTE: By DST

1) To confirm the edge of 3G coverage area. And to confirm the 2G cells number which are at the edge of 3G coverage area.
2) To provide 2G cell information which are at the edge of 3G coverage area. 3) To test 3G->2G cell re-selection (one cell). 4) To test and finish 3G->2G cell re-selection (the whole network).