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Training is expensive. Without training it is more expensive.....

Jawaharlal Nehru

GROUP 1
UNIT 3 PRESENTERS :NISHA MALIK (100772) APARNA PAHAL (100806)

TRAINING
Training seeks a relatively permanent change in an individual that will improve his/her ability to performance on the job. It involves changing of:Skills Attitude Knowledge

INTRODUCTION
Knowledge is a necessary but not sufficient

condition for employees to perform their jobs.

Knowledge must be translated into behavior.

IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING METHODS


Developing competencies & improving performance in various fields. Improve quality & efficiency of presentations.

An instrument that trainers employs for facilitating the learning process. It is viewed as a means of communication.

FUNCTIONS OF TRAINING METHODS

Assist in Creating an Appropriate Learning Environment. Enhance Participation & Involvement of the Group. Give Greater Control of the Learning Process to the Participants. Promote Group Interaction.

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE CHOICE OF A TRAINING METHOD

Learning objectives for the sub topic or the module. Special characteristics of the training group.

Time allocation for the sub topic, module or the session. Level of competence of the trainer in effective use of the method.

CONT.........
Availability of facilities & resources required for

the method.

Style preferences of a trainer. Stage of the programme.

TRAINING METHODS
Role Play

Business Games
Basket Exercise Laboratory Training

Incidents & Cases


Seminars

CONT.........
Group Discussion
Lecture Programmed Instructions

INTRODUCTION
This is a development technique requiring the trainee to assume a role in a given situation & act out behaviour associated with that role.

Trainees act out characters assigned to them.


Information regarding the situation is provided to the trainees.

CONT.........
Focus on interpersonal responses

Outcomes depend on the emotional (and subjective) reactions of the other trainees

The more meaningful the exercise, the higher the level of participant focus

OBJECTIVES OF ROLE PLAY


Provide a mirror to participants to see themselves as

others see them. It enhances self-awareness.

Emphasises the importance of understanding & appreciating others points of view, behaviour & feelings. Improve the skills of the participants in the areas of problem solving & decision-making. Provides opportunities for introducing new stimuli & evoking new responses.

ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS IN ROLE PLAY


It is important that exercise reflects the true working conditions of the participants work life.

Promote interaction among different players. Although the roles are defined through scripts, the participants can evolve & develop their respective roles.

The participants should be aware of the parameters within

which they can perform.

Effectively monitor the role play.

CONT.........

Participants should be cautioned not to allow their personal prejudices & biases. Appoint separate observers. Contents observation may include to what extent the individuals evolved their role. Observer must prepare observation sheet listing important guidelines.

TYPES OF ROLE PLAY


SIMPLE ROLE PLAY MULTIPLE ROLE PLAY REVERSE ROLE PLAY SPONTANEOUS ROLE PLAY

PLANNING ROLE PLAY:- SOME GUIDELINES


Step 1 & II

Identifying the Problem Developing Structure for the Role Play Assigning Role Plays to the Participants Develop Material for the Exercise Commencement of the Role Play Briefing the Role Players

Step III & IV

Step V & VI

CONT.........
Directing Action Guidelines for Trainer Conducting the Feedback Session & Closing the Exercise

Step VII & VIII

ROLE PLAY HELPS IN


Interpersonal Skills Group Decision Making

ROLE PLAY

Communicatio n Skills

Developing Insight

Conflict Resolution

CONT.........

Stress the importance of behaviour, reactions & feelings. involvement of the participants.

Greater Method

samples the real life situation, revolving round scenario & problems concerning organisation & individual. it in a life like, interactive settings.

Locate

It focuses on thinking & doing.

LIMITATIONS OF ROLE PLAY

Those participants who are shy & introvert, role play can be an embarrassing experience. People could feel threatened when they perceive that their actions & behaviour are under observation. Some participants feel that they may look foolish before the group, playing someone else. It is open to criticism for lack of realism.

CONT.........
Not many trainers have the required skills in

writing a role play & conducting it.

Participants often lose themselves in a role & engage in inadvertent self-discloser, exposure & ventilation.

Roles

sometimes reinforce stereotypes & caricature peoples behaviour.