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# DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Name of the staff : D. Simhachalam
Designation : Lecturer
Branch : A.E.I.E
Institute : K.D.R.G.P.T, Wanaparthy.
Semester : III
Subject : Process Instrumentation-I
Subject code : AEI-305
Topic : Conductivity, Weight and
Humidity measurement
Duration : 100 minutes

## Subtopic : Electrolytic Hygrometer

Teaching Aids : PPT, animations, Diagrams
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Objectives
Upon completion of this topic, you will be able
• Construction
• Specifications
• Description
• Principle of operation

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Recap

## • Necessity of humidity measurement

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Principle of operation

## • The principle of measurement involves the

electrolysis of water into oxygen and hydrogen

water molecule.

## • The electrolysis current is a measure of the water

present in the sample.

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Principle of operation…

## • The volumetric flow rate of the sample gas into the

electrolysis cell is controlled at a fixed value

## • Then, the electrolysis current is a function of water

concentration in the sample.

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Construction

## • They are placed inside an insulating tube of internal

diameter above 0.5mm.

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Diagram

P2O5

100cc/min
Gas

## Fig.1 Electrolytic hygrometer

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Description…

## • The inter space of winding is coated with the

decomposing material.

## • Here the decomposing material is pentoxide (P2O5)

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Operation

## • A gas with moisture content is passed through the

analyser cell at the rate about 100 cc /min.

## • Sufficiently large D.C voltage is applied to ends of

the platinum wires.

## • The moisture in the gas is decomposed to hydrogen

and oxygen.

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Operation

gas is constant.

## • Then humidity absorption rate by P2O5 is equal to the

rate of decomposition.

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Description…

## • The rate of decomposition of water is directly

proportional to the decomposition current

• i.e., M
i=α
t

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Operation

M = ZIt
Where
M is amount of moisture absorbed.
Z is electromechanical constant.
I is electrolysis current
t is time

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Specifications

## • Measuring range : 0-2 to 0-2000 ppm

• Inaccuracy: 2 to 5% FS

## • The cost of the instrument is \$5000 to \$10000 with

sample system

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Summary

## • Construction ,description , principle of operation and

specifications of Electrolytic hygrometer

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Quiz:

## 1. The water in the sample is decomposed after

electrolysis into
a) Oxygen
b) Hydrogen
c) Oxygen & Hydrogen
d) None

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1. The electrolysis current in the sample is a
function of
a) Water concentration
b) Oxygen concentration
c) Hydrogen concentration
d) None

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1. The decomposing material used in the electrolytic
hygrometer is
a) Phosphorous Pentoxyde
b) Nitrogen Pentoxyde
c) Both a) and b)
d) None

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1. According to Faraday’s first law of electrolysis,
the rate of decomposition of water is directly
proportional to the
a) Decomposition time
b) Decomposition current
c) Both decomposition time & current
d) None

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1. The electrolytic hygrometer is used to measures
a) The Dew Point temperature
b) Humidity
c) Both a) and b)
d) None

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