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Welcome to Mathematics for Business Business Mathematics Course

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Chapter 01 Basic Mathematics

Lecturer: Lim Delux

Learning Objectives
In this chapter you will learn to : - Carry out calculations involving whole numbers - Carry out calculations involving fractions - Carry out calculations involving decimals - Carry out calculations involving exponents - Use and understand scientific notation - Use and understand logarithms
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Chapter Outline
Whole numbers Fractions Decimals Exponents Scientific notation Logarithms

Whole Numbers
- Integers: -5,-3,0,2,5 cMnYnKt; - Whole Numbers: 0,1,2,3 cMnYnKt;viCman - Natural Numbers: 1,2,3 cMnYnKt;;FmCati

Negative integers

Positive integers
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Whole Numbers
A digit is defined as one of the numerals 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Example: 9- one digit 78- two digits 999- three digits

Whole Numbers
Write in word of numbers 56 consists of 6 ones and 5 tens

365 consists of 5 ones, 6 tens and 3 hundreds 34 998

Whole Numbers
1 ones or units 10 Tens 100 Hundreds 1000 Thousands 10 000 Tens of thousands 100 000 Hundreds of thousands 1 000 000 Millions
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Whole Numbers
There are four mathematical operations 1. 2. 3. 4. Multiplication/ Multiply Division/ Divide Addition/ Add/Plus Subtraction/ Minus

Fractions
A fraction is an expression that appears in the form a ---b a is called numerator b is called denominator
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Decimals
A decimal consists of three components: an integer, followed by a decimal point, followed by another integer Example: 0.3, 0.47 $ 3.03 0.33 .33
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Decimals
Express as fraction ? 0.3 = ---?

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Exponents
An exponent or power is a number that is written as a superscript to another number called the base

an
Where a is called base n is called exponent or power

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Exponents
- Product

a m * a n= a m+n
- Quotient ( division)

am ----- = a m - n an
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Exponents
(a ) a
m n mn

1 n (1 i ) 1 m
a
m

a ( a )
n m
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m n

Scientific notation
Scientific notation is a shorthand way of writing such numbers in a more convenient form Example 315.68 = 3.1568* 10 2 0.456 = 4.56 * 10 -1 45600 = 4.56 *10 4
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Scientific notation
Scientific notation is a shorthand way of writing such numbers in a more convenient form

Reference position is immediately to the right of the first non-zero digit

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Logarithms
The logarithm of a number N to a base b is the power to which b must be raised to obtain N

x log b N

log b N
N b
x

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Logarithms
Characteristic and mantissa Suppose that the logarithm of a positive number is expressed as an integer plus a non-negative decimal fraction - The integer is called the characteristics - The decimal fraction is called mantissa

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Logarithms
Example
Characteristics

563.2 = 5.632 *10 2 Log 563.2 = log (5.632*10 2) = log 5.632+ log 102 = log 5.632 + 2

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