Sie sind auf Seite 1von 24

Department of Technical Education

Andhra Pradesh
Name : R.Rama Rao
Designation : Lecturer.
Branch : Electronics & Communication Engineering.
Institute : Govt. Polytechnic (w), Bheemunipatnam,

Year/Semester : Third Semester.

Subject : Electronics circuits-1
Subject Code : E.C-302
Topic : Transistor Amplifiers.
Duration : 50min.
Sub-Topic : Thermistor & Sensistor Compensation techniques.
EC302.30 1
Teaching Aid : PPT.

Earlier we have studied about

• Need for compensation.

• Types of bias compensation.

• Diode compensation.

EC302.30 2

Upon completion of this period you would be able to


• Thermistor compensation.

• Sensistor compensation.

EC302.30 3
•What is a Thermister?

Thermister is a device which is having negative

temperature coefficient

•What is a sensistor?

Sensistor is a device which is having positive

temperature coefficient

EC302.30 4

EC302.30 5
Thermistor compensation circuit
Fig. 1

EC302.30 6

• Circuit shows thermistor compensation in a self – bias

CE amplifier.

• The thermistor RT has negative temperature


• Negative temparature coefficient means resistance

decreases exponentially with increse in temparature T.

EC302.30 7
 Thermistor can be placed in any one of the two positions
as shown in Fig

 Thermister RT is used to minimize the increase in

collector current due to variations in ICO , VBE or β

with temperature .

EC302.30 8
If the temparature increases

• Thermistor resistance decreases.

• Current flowing through RT (IT) increases.

• Since the voltage drop across RE increases in the

direction, it reverse biases the transistor Base –Emitter

junction which reduces IBand keeps IC constant.

• Thus RT compensates the increase in IC due to

temperature rise. EC302.30 9

The process is as follows

• Increases VE

• Reduces VBE

• VBE = VB - VE

• VBE = VCC X R2 / (R1+R2) (fixed)

• IB decreases

• IC remains constant

EC302.30 10
• Thus the temperature sensitivity of RT provides

compensation to the increase in collector current IC

due to rise in temperature T.

• The same result is obtained if the transistor RT is placed

in the base circuit across R2 instead of in collector circuit.

EC302.30 11

EC302.30 12
Sensistor compensation circuit
EC302.30 13
• Instead of thermistor compensation, compensation

can be done by using sensistor.

• Sensistor is a temperature sensitive device.

• Sensistor has positive temperature coefficient.

• Sensistor is a heavily doped semi conductor.

EC302.30 14
Generally sensistors have

• Temperature coefficient of resistance of 0.007 per 0C

• The range of temperature from - 600 0C to 1500 0C.

EC302.30 15
• The sensistor may be placed either in parallel with R1.

• Or in parallel with RE

• The sensistor can also be placed in place of RE rather

than in parallel with RE.

EC302.30 16
With the increase in temperature

• The resistance of RS increases.

• So, the resistance of parallel combination (RS || R1)


• Hence voltage drop across R2 decreases.

• VR2 = VCC*(R2 / (R1||RS) + R2)

EC302.30 17
• Decrease in VR2 decreases the net forward emitter

Bias (VBE).

• Hence Collector current IC decreases.

EC302.30 18
• Decrease in IC compensates the increase in collector

current IC due to increase in IC0 ,β or VBE because of

temperature rise.

EC302.30 19
• We have discussed the circuits using thermistors

& sensistors.

• The circuits stabilize IC against variations in ICO,β

& VBE due to rise in temperature.

EC302.30 20

1. If the temperature increases,

thermistor resistance
A) Increases
B) Decreases
C) Constant
D) Zero

EC302.30 21
• In compensation the value IC must be

A) Decreased

B. Increased

C) Constant

D) Zero

EC302.30 22
1. If the temperature increase, sensistor resistance

A) Increases
B) Decreases
C) Constant
D) Zero

EC302.30 23

• Explain with circuit diagram the thermistor


• Explain with circuit diagram the sensistor compensation?

EC302.30 24