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Sale of Goods Act, 1930

Act No. 3 of Year 1930]


An Act to define and amend the law relating to the sale of
goods.
Short title, extent and commencement :-
1. This Act may be called the Sale oI Goods Act, 1930.
2. It extends to the whole oI India |except the State oI Jammu
and Kashmir|.
3. It shall come into Iorce on the July 01, 1930.
Def|n|t|ons ln Lhls AcL unless Lhere ls anyLhlng
repugnanL ln Lhe sub[ecL of conLexL
W#er eans a person who buys or agrees Lo buy goods
W#De||ver eans volunLary Lransfer of possesslon fro one person Lo
anoLher
Woods are sald Lo be ln a de||vered state when Lhey are ln such sLaLe
LhaL Lhe buyer would under Lhe conLracL be bound Lo Lake dellvery of
Lhe
W#Docent of t|t|e to goods lncludes blll of ladlng dockwarranL
warehouse keepers cerLlflcaLe or any oLher docuenL used ln Lhe
ordlnary course of buslness as proof of Lhe possesslon or conLrol of goods
or auLhorlzlng or purporLlng Lo auLhorlze elLher by endorseenL or by
dellvery Lhe possessor of Lhe docuenL Lo Lransfer or recelve goods
Lhereby represenLed
W#a||t of goods lncludes Lhelr sLaLe or condlLlon
W#Se||er eans a person who sells or agrees Lo sell goods
ICkMA1ICN CI 1nL CCN1kAC1 CI
SALL
I Sa|e and agreeent to se||
W@here ay be a conLracL of sale beLween one parLowner and anoLher
WA conLracL of sale ay be absoluLe or condlLlonal
WWhere under a conLracL of sale Lhe properLy ln Lhe goods ls Lransferred fro Lhe
seller Lo Lhe buyer Lhe conLracL ls called a sa|e
WuL where Lhe Lransfer of Lhe properLy ln Lhe goods ls Lo Lake place aL a fuLure
Lle or sub[ecL Lo soe condlLlon LhereafLer Lo be fulfllled Lhe conLracL ls called
an agreeent to se||
WAn agreeent to se|| becoes a sa|e when Lhe Lle elapses or Lhe condlLlons are
fulfllled sub[ecL Lo whlch Lhe properLy ln Lhe goods ls Lo be Lransferred
II ICkMALI1ILS CI 1nL CCN1kAC1
WA conLracL of sale ls ade by an offer Lo buy or sell goods for a prlce and Lhe
accepLance of such offer
III SULC1 MA11Lk CI CCN1kAC1
WLx|st|ng or ftre goods
WGoods per|sh|ng before ak|ng of contract
WGoods per|sh|ng before sa|e bt after agreeent to se||
IV 1nL kICL
WAscerta|nent of pr|ce
WAgreeent to se|| at va|at|on
V CCNDI1ICNS AND WAkkAN1ILS
WSt|p|at|ons as to t|e
WCond|t|on and warrant
WWhen cond|t|on to be treated as warrant
WIp||ed ndertak|ng as to t|t|e etc
WSa|e b descr|pt|on
WIp||ed cond|t|ons as to qa||t or f|tness
WSa|e b sap|e
LIILC1S CI 1nL CCN1kAC1
1kANSILk CI kCLk1 AS
L1WLLN SLLLLk AND ULk
WGoods st be ascerta|ned
Where Lhere ls a conLracL for Lhe sale of unascerLalned goods no properLy ln Lhe goods ls
Lransferred Lo Lhe buyer unless and unLll Lhe goods are ascerLalned
Wropert passes when |ntended to pass
Where Lhere ls a conLracL for Lhe sale of speclflc or ascerLalned goods Lhe properLy ln Lhe ls
Lransferred Lo Lhe buyer aL such Lle as Lhe parLles Lo Lhe conLracL lnLend lL Lo be Lransferred
WSpec|f|c goods |n a de||verab|e state
Where Lhere ls an uncondlLlonal conLracL for Lhe sale of speclflc goods ln a dellverable sLaLe Lhe
properLy ln Lhe goods passes Lo Lhe buyer when Lhe conLracL ls ade
WSpec|f|c goods to be pt |nto a de||verab|e state
Where Lhere ls a conLracL for Lhe sale of speclflc goods and Lhe seller ls bound Lo do soeLhlng Lo
Lhe goods for Lhe purpose of puLLlng Lhe lnLo a dellverable sLaLe
WSpec|f|c goods |n a de||verab|e state when the se||er has to do anth|ng there to
|n order to ascerta|n pr|ce
Where Lhere ls a conLracL for Lhe sale of speclflc goods ln a dellverable sLaLe buL Lhe seller ls
bound Lo welgh easure LesL or do soe oLher acL or Lhlng wlLh reference Lo Lhe goods for Lhe
purpose of ascerLalnlng Lhe prlce
WSa|e of nascerta|ned goods and appropr|at|on
Where Lhere ls a conLracL for Lhe sale of unascerLalned or fuLure goods by descrlpLlon and goods of
LhaL descrlpLlon and ln a dellverable sLaLe are uncondlLlonally approprlaLed Lo Lhe conLracL elLher
by Lhe seller wlLh Lhe assenL of Lhe buyer or by Lhe buyer wlLh Lhe assenL of Lhe seller Lhe properLy
ln Lhe goods Lhereupon passes Lo Lhe buyer
WGoods sent on approva| or on sa|e or retrn"
When goods are dellvered Lo Lhe buyer on approval or on sale or reLurn or oLher slllar Lers
Lhe properLy Lhereln passes Lo Lhe buyer
Wkeservat|on of r|ght of d|sposa|
Where Lhere ls a conLracL for Lhe sale of speclflc goods or where goods are subsequenLly
approprlaLed Lo Lhe conLracL Lhe seller ay by Lhe Lers of Lhe conLracL or approprlaLlon reserve
Lhe rlghL of dlsposal of Lhe goods unLll cerLaln condlLlons are fulfllled
Wk|sk pr|a fac|e passes w|th propert
Dnless oLherwlse agreed Lhe goods realn aL Lhe sellers rlsk unLll Lhe properLy Lhereln ls
Lransferred Lo Lhe buyer buL when Lhe properLy Lhereln ls Lransferred Lo Lhe buyer Lhe goods are
aL Lhe buyers rlsk wheLher dellvery has been ade or noL
LkICkMANCL CI 1nL CCN1kAC1
Dt|es of se||er and ber
lL ls Lhe duLy of Lhe seller Lo dellver Lhe goods and of Lhe buyer Lo accepL and pay for Lhe ln
accordance wlLh Lhe Lers of Lhe conLracL of sale
aent and de||ver are concrrent cond|t|ons
Dnless oLherwlse agreed dellvery of Lhe goods and payenL of Lhe prlce are concurrenL
condlLlons LhaL ls Lo say Lhe seller shall be ready and wllllng Lo glve possesslon of Lhe goods Lo Lhe
buyer ln exchange for Lhe prlce and Lhe buyer shall be ready and wllllng Lo pay Lhe prlce ln
exchange for possesslon of Lhe goods
De||ver
uellvery of goods sold ay be ade by dolng anyLhlng whlch Lhe parLles agree shall be LreaLed as
dellvery or whlch has Lhe effecL of puLLlng Lhe goods ln Lhe possesslon of Lhe buyer or of any
person auLhorlzed Lo hold Lhe on hls behalf
Lffect of part de||ver
uellvery of parL of goods ln progress of Lhe dellvery of Lhe whole has Lhe sae effecL for Lhe
purpose of passlng Lhe properLy ln such goods as a dellvery of Lhe whole buL a dellvery of parL of
Lhe goods wlLh an lnLenLlon of severlng lL fro Lhe whole does noL operaLe as a dellvery of Lhe
realnder
er to app| for de||ver
AparL fro any express conLracL Lhe seller of goods ls noL bound Lo dellver Lhe unLll Lhe buyer
applles for dellvery
k|es as to de||ver
Woods sold are Lo be dellvered aL Lhe place aL whlch Lhey are aL Lhe Lle of Lhe sale
Woods agreed Lo be sold are Lo be dellvered aL Lhe place aL whlch Lhey are aL Lhe Lle of Lhe
agreeenL Lo sell
WWhere under Lhe conLracL of sale Lhe seller ls bound Lo send Lhe goods Lo Lhe buyer the se||er |s
bond to send the w|th|n a reasonab|e t|e
Wueand or Lender of dellvery ay be LreaLed as lneffecLual unless ade aL a reasonable hour
WhaL ls a reasonable hour ls a quesLlon of facL
WDnless oLherwlse agreed Lhe expenses of and lncldenLal Lo puLLlng Lhe goods lnLo a dellverable
sLaLe shall be borne by Lhe seller
De||ver of wrong qant|t
Wlf noL re[ecLed Lhen should be pald aL conLracLed raLe
Wuyer can re[ecL parL or whole buL Lhe parL accepLed should have Lo be pald aL conLracLed raLe
Wlf goods are dellvered wlLh dlfferenL descrlpLlon Lhen conLracLed Lhen buyer ay or ay noL re[ecL
Lhe whole or parL of Lhe loL dellvered
W@he provlslons of Lhls secLlon are sub[ecL Lo any usage of Lrade speclal agreeenL of course of
deallng beLween Lhe parLles
De||ver to carr|er or wharf|nger
Wuellvery of Lhe goods Lo a wharflnger for safe cusLody ls prla facle deeed Lo be a dellvery of
Lhe goods Lo Lhe buyer
Wlf buyer has ade a conLracL ln regards Lo carrler or wharflnger Lhen accordlngly Lhe seller or Lhe
buyer are held responslble for any daages
WDnless oLherwlse agreed where goods are senL by Lhe seller Lo Lhe buyer by a rouLe lnvolvlng sea
LranslL ln clrcusLances ln whlch lL ls usual Lo lnsure Lhe seller shall glve such noLlce Lo Lhe buyer
as ay enable hl Lo lnsure Lhe durlng Lhelr sea LranslL and lf Lhe seller falls so Lo do Lhe goods
shall be deeed Lo be aL hls rlsk durlng such sea LranslL
ers r|ght of exa|n|ng the goods
Wuyer ls noL deeed Lo have accepLed goods unless and unLll he has had a reasonable
opporLunlLy of exalnlng Lhe for Lhe purpose of ascerLalnlng wheLher Lhey are ln conforlLy
wlLh Lhe conLracL
Acceptance
W@he buyer ls deeed Lo have accepLed Lhe goods when he lnLlaLes Lo Lhe seller LhaL he has
accepLed Lhe or when Lhe goods have been dellvered Lo hl and he does any acL ln relaLlon Lo
Lhe whlch ls lnconslsLenL wlLh Lhe ownershlp of Lhe seller or when afLer Lhe lapse of a
reasonable Lle he reLalns Lhe goods wlLhouL lnLlaLlng Lo Lhe seller LhaL he has re[ecLed Lhe
er not bond to retrn re[ected goods
Dnless oLherwlse agreed where goods are dellvered Lo Lhe buyer and he refuses Lo accepL Lhe
havlng Lhe rlghL so Lo do he ls noL bound Lo reLurn Lhe Lo Lhe seller buL lL ls sufflclenL lf he
lnLlaLes Lo Lhe seller LhaL he refuses Lo accepL Lhe
L|ab|||t of ber for neg|ect|ng or refs|ng de||ver of goods
When Lhe seller ls ready and wllllng Lo dellver Lhe goods and requesLs Lhe buyer Lo Lake dellvery
and Lhe buyer does noL wlLhln a reasonable Lle afLer such requesL Lake dellvery of Lhe goods he
ls llable Lo Lhe seller for any loss occasloned by hls neglecL or refusal Lo Lake dellvery and also for a
reasonable charge for Lhe care and cusLody of Lhe goods
kCVIDLD LhaL noLhlng ln Lhls secLlon shall affecL Lhe rlghLs of Lhe seller where Lhe neglecL or
refusal of Lhe buyer Lo Lake dellvery aounLs Lo a repudlaLlon of Lhe conLracL