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GSM BASED HOME AUTOMATION

INTRODUCTION

Man has always yearned to control everything just

by tip of finger.

This project brings him closer towards his goal

Security is of prime importance in day-to-day life.

DRAWBACKS OF EXISTING SYSTEM

In the existing system there are IR modules detects the occupancy of the room. And the signal is given to the controller which directly controls the relay circuitry. For this the need is that every room must have switches in that room itself.

OTHER PROBLEMS

More size, number of electronic devices useless power consumption occurs even when turned off This is called standby power. It is known that average 10% of a total household power is consumed during standby power state

OBJECTIVE

save energy, power reduction of consumer electronics efficient automatic control in networked home environment. Answer is Global System for Mobile Communication(GSM).

GSM BASED HOME AUTOMATION

Implementing GSM ( Global System for Mobile Communication) based Home Automation and Security System.

Microcontroller AT89S52.

Relays communicate with GSM module

BASIC MICROCONTROLLER CIRCUIT

WORKING OF THE KIT


This project uses a GSM modem with micro controller Some sensors like the light sensor, LPG gas sensor, IR sensor Motor, light and fan through relays Demodulation of RF signals and checking of sensors Output checked from database and SMS is sent

BLOCK DIAGRAM

Power Supply

LCD

LPG Gas Sensor


Microcontroller

LDR

Devices

Relay
ULN (2003)

(AT89s52)

Devices

Relay

MAX 232

Devices

Relay

GSM Modem

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

MAIN COMPONENTS OF KIT


1.

MAX 232 ULN 2003 LPG GAS SENSOR IR TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER LIGHT DEPENDANT RESISTOR(LDR) LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY(LCD)

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GSM MODULE SPECIFICATIONS


backbone of the phenomenal success in mobile telecom over the last decade.

open, non-proprietary system that is constantly evolving.


One of its great strengths is the international roaming capability. seamless and same standardized same number contractibility in more than 212 countries GSM SPECIFICATION Device Name ROM (Flash) RAM Operating Voltage Receiving Frequency Transmitting Frequency

: Waveform : 16Mb : 2Mb : 3.1 4.5 V : 925 960 MHz : 880 915 MHz

GSM MODULE

SOFTWARE

The software used for programming is Keils software or Ride software:


The software used for embedding is Proload software or ISB 3.0 software:

ADVANTAGES

No maintenance required
Operates on any GSM network SimCard Cost effective system Message will not be lost

DISADVANTAGES

If the user is out of network coverage area he will not receive any message
Bandwidth is limited

OTHER APPLICATIONS OF GSM


1.

Office automation
Public garden automation Automobile automation

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REFERENCES

1. The 8051 micro controller and embedded systems by Mazidi. 2. www.wikipedia.org 3. WWW.atmel.com 4. www.8051projects.com 5. Embedded systems with 8051 by kenith j ayala

THANK YOU