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0eography of Asia

What is geography?
To write
- Writing of the physical description of
the earth
s 0eogruphicul Ihemet
ocation absolute and relative
2 Place and its physical characteristics -
3 Human/Environment interaction-influence of the
environment in the way people live
Movement relationship among places: people,
ideas, information and products which are constantly
moving around the world
5 Region country, city, neighborhood
Regional division is only a human construct
based on similarities in geographical, physical,
historical and cultural attributes
largest M sq miles; /3 of the total land surface of the globe
irregular shape but a huge portion of the Asian land mass is very much
islands can also be found scattered throughout the Asian continent
Asia's winding coastlines touch the ndian and Pacific oceans as well as many
seas Within Asia's vast land area are mountains, deserts, plains and great
Asia lies almost entirely in the northern hemisphere and the seasons
of all are similar The seasons of southern and south-east Asia vary
slightly because of the monsoons
orthern Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia
- Spring March, April, May
- Summer June, July, August
- Autumn September, October, ovember
- Winter December, January, February
Southern Asia, South-East Asia
- Spring December, January, February
- Summer March, April, May
- Autumn June, July, August
- Winter September, October, ovember
Size and ocation of Asia
A vast land measuring ,339,000 square kilometer
Width of 9,000 kilometer from east to west and a length of 8,000 kilometers
from north to south
t is bounded by land and bodies of water
At the orth, Asia is bounded by the Arctic Ocean
East is the Pacific Ocean
South is the ndian Ocean
West are the Ural Mountains, Caspian Sea, Black Sea, Aegean Sea and the
Red Sea
Regions of Asia
orth Asia
East Asia
Archipelago of Japan
Korean Peninsula of orth and
South Korea
sland of Taiwan
Southeast Asia
ndo-China Peninsula
(Vietnam, Kampuchea
(Cambodia), landlocked country
of aos)
Myanmar (Burma)
Thailand (Siam)
Archipelago of the Philippines
Southern part is the sland of
Brunei- the rich country
South Asia
Sri anka (Ceylon)
Kingdom of Bhutan
Subcontinent of india
Southwest Asia
Turkey (Asia Minor)
ran (Persia)
raq (Mesopotamia)
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Yemen ( orth & South)
Regions of Asia
Topography of Asia
a. PeninsuIa
-is a land almost surrounded by water and connected with the mainland by
an isthmus
-The peninsula in Asia:
ndo-China Peninsula
Arabian PeninsuIa- is the world's largest peninsula that extends over
25million square kilometers
b. ArchipeIago
-is composed of several islands like the Philippines, Japan, and
-Indonesia-is the largest archipelagoes consisting of 3,000 islands
c. PIateau
-is a plain with a high elevation
-known as Tableland
-Tibet PIateau- the largest in the world with its height of ,55 meters
and area of ,00,000 square kilometers
d. Mountain
-is a mass of land that rises high above their surroundings
-HimaIayas- Abode of Snow, famous mountain
-Mt. Everest- the highest mountain in the world
-Pamir Knot-at the center of Himalayas known as "Roof of the World
-Cordillera, Sierra Madre and Caraballo mountains in the Philippines
e. VoIcano
-is a spring in the earth's surface surrounded by an accumulation of ejected
material forming a hill or mountains from which heated matter is or has
been ejected
-Mt.Mayon- almost perfect cone shape in the phil
-Mt.Fuji- the highest in Japan
-TaaI VoIacano of the phiI- smallest volcano in the world
f. PIain
-is broad, level land formation
-Northern PIain of India- known ndo-Gangetic
-n China, FertiIe ands are:
Huang He (Huang Ho)
Chang Jiang (Yangtze)
Amur Rivers
-CentraI uzon and KoronadaI in Mindanao- famous plains in the phil
-Bet The Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal are the Indian coastaI
g. Desert
-is land without plants due to its sandy structure
-Famous Desert in Asia:
Karakum in Turkmenia
Gobi in Mongolia
egeb in srael
Takla Makan in China
a. Ocean
-is the biggest body of water
Arctic Ocean orth
Pacific Ocean-East
ndian Ocean-South
b. Sea
-South Asia Sea located between Vietnam and the Phil
-Mediterranean Sea separates Europe and Africa
c. River
-is a large, natural stream of water usually fed by converging tributaries
along its course and discharging into a larger body water, as into the ocean,
sea, or lake
-Chiang Jiang River is the longest river in Asia with a length of 3,30 miles
-n orth Asia, ena and Ob Rivers flow to the Arctic Ocean
-East Asia, Huang He and Chang Jiang Rivers drain into the Pacific
-Indus and Ganges Rivers flow towards the ndian Ocean
-Southwest Asia, Tigris and Euphrates that flow towards the Persian Gulf
d. ake
-is a body of water surrounded by land
-Caspian Sea-is the biggest lake with an area of 3,23 sq miles
-ake BaikaI- is the deepest freshwater lake in the world and the third largest lake in
Asia A large variety of plant and animal life is found in its clear water
-ake Van in Turkey- famous "salty Water
e. GuIf
-is the tract of water within an indentation or curve of the coastline
-Persian GuIf in Southwest Asia- is being used in by oil tankers as their highways
for commerce and trade
f. Bay
-is a body of water partly enclosed by land
Bay of Bengal in ndia
Manila Bay in Philippines
g. Strait
-is a narrow body of water connecting two bog bodies of water
-Strait of MaIacca-longest strait in the world, located between Malaysia and
-Bering Strait-separates Asia and America
The climate of Asia varies according to location and physical geography
There are eight different climate types:
-ueclduous foresL lour dlsLlncL seasons wlLh warm summers and cold weL
wlnLers 1he Lrees shed Lhelr leaves ln auLumn
-Conlferous foresL Also known as 1alga cold and dry wlLh snowy wlnLers and
warmer summers
Alpine/mountain - Cold, windy and snowy t is winter from October to May
with temperatures below freezing, while summer is from June to September
where the temperature can reach 5C
Rainforest - High temperatures and high rainfall throughout the year
-ueserL Warm Lo hlgh LemperaLures wlLh very llLLle ralnfall
-1undra 1hls area ls characLerlzed by a layer of permafrosL (soll LhaL has remalned
below freezlng for aL leasL Lwo years WlnLers are very cold summers are warm
and Lhere ls llLLle ralnfall
-Crassland PoL summers and cold wlnLers wlLh above average ralnfall
-Savanna very hlgh LemperaLures all year and raln durlng Lhe summer season
Southwest Asia : Hot & dry, desert, nil or very little rainfall
orthern Asia : Very Cold tundra Heavy snow all year round
Central Asia : Very cold & windy almost 9 months a year, mostly dry in
summers with snow in winters
Southeast Asia and Eastern Asia : Hot & humid with a lot of rainfall all year
Asia's Population
%otal population {2000_ =
China = biggest population
followed by ndia, ndonesia,
Bangladesh and Japan
Population Uistribution
there are countries that are
overpopulated and there are those
which are less populated.
North Asia = reach in natural
resources but with less population.
its climate prevents the
migration of the people.
$outheast Asia = population
climate and fertile land of
which attract people to settle.
$outhwest Asia = attract people to
stay temporarily due to ]ob
1._ Physical Features = it refer to the
%opography of the country.
people prefer to settle in the
lowland, plains, or valleys.
some are stay in Mt. and highlands
bec. Of mining industry.
2._ Climate = it affects the growth of
if not too hot or too cold, people
are stay in the area.
it also determines the kind of
animals and plants that can exist.
example: $AUD ARABA
._Fertility of the $oil
= there are part of Asia where soil is
very fertile.
it is good kind of environment
for farming.
$outheast Asia, East Asia, and
$outh Asia are the example of fertile
soil that are ready for farming to
sustain the needs of people.
4._ Mineral Resources
= metal or nonmetal are abundant in
people lives in these are
because they earn their living in the
industries related to the mineral
being developed.
$ettlement = the place where people
live , a place where they work , stay
and perform their recreational
1._ Rural Community = it refers to the
place located in the provinces and
where the usual main occupation is
for their livelihood, people
depend on agricultural production,
livestock raising and fishing..and
some are also engaged in mining
Bhutan = highest pop. with 9 %
Kuwait = lowest pop. with 2 %
2._ Urban Community = is the center
of gov'tal functions, modern educ.,
industries and main offices of private
$ingapore, Hongkong, %okyo,
$eoul, and Bangkok = leading
cities in Asia.
$ingapore = no rural area bec. t
is city itself.
Philippines = most populated
city { Manila _
center of nat'l gov't offices
and private corps.
to accommodate the population..
$ome problems encountered in the com.
housing unemployment
water and electrical services
traffic pollution
crimes lack of teachers
facilities in educ.
Population Density
refers to the # of people
living in a specific are of the
Pop. Density = population
total land area of country
Mongolia = smallest with 4
persons per square mile.
$ingapore = largest with 18, 482
persons per square mile with
land area is only 241 square
the quality of community depends on some factors such as
age, sex, and literacy of the pop
Age = 15 y/o - 60 y/o
this age group are the
segments of society w/c are
classified as dependent.
young pop. future has a
big labor force
srael females than males, not
a problems bec. Both groups are
$. Korea and Phil. urban
com.=more females
Rural com.=more males
Literacy = ability to read and
literacy rate Japan,
%a]ikistan, %urkmenistan,
Azerbai]in and Armenia.
literacy rate Nepal and
Death Rate
%he ratio of total deaths to
total population in a specified
community or area over a
specified period of time.
Afganistan = death rate {17.4
% _
bahrain = death rate {4 % _
Birth Rate
%he ratio of total live births to
total population in a specified
community or area over a
specified period of time.
Yemen = birth rate {4. %_
Azerbai]in = birth rate {8 %_
ncome per Person
Asian = receives bet. S50-
compared to Americans
and Canadians the amount is
Japan = per capita
Yemen = per capita GDP{S820_
Labor Force in Asia
Agriculture = %he science, art,
and business of cultivating soil,
producing crops, and raising
livestock; farming.
ndustry and %rade = non-
agricultural workers are factory
workers, gov't employees,
employees employed in private
company, const. workers in
transfo. Bus., merchants,
traders and executives.
%he Population Problems in Asia
Natural Resources = A material
source of wealth, such as
timber, fresh water, or a mineral
deposit, that occurs in a natural
state and has economic value.
Food = is any
substance consumed to provide
nutritional support for the body.
t is usually
of plant or animal origin, and
contains essential nutrients,
such as
carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vit
amins, or minerals.
Education = it occurs through
any experience that has a
formative effect on the way one
thinks, feels, or acts. n its
narrow, technical sense,
education is the formal process
by which society deliberately
transmits its
accumulated knowledge, skills,
customs and values from one
generation to another, e.g.,
instruction in schools.
Health = a state of complete
physical, mental, and social
well-being and not merely the
absence of disease or infirmity.