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Welcome to honors math! Wednesday, September 1 st , 2010 1. Take out your homework (squares
Welcome to honors math!
Wednesday, September 1 st , 2010
1. Take out your homework (squares and square roots).
2.Warm Ups-
Find the two square roots of each
number.
1.
144
12
2.
256
16
Evaluate each expression.
3. 8+
144
20
4. 7
289
119
3. Objective: Classify real numbers.
4. Work on your homework side of your homework from yesterday.
5. Read quietly when finished with everything.
Rational Numbers
Rational Numbers

A rational number is any number that can

be written as a fraction are integers and d 0.

n

, where n and d

d

Decimals that terminate or repeat are rational numbers.

Numerator

n d
n
d

Denominator

Numerator n d Denominator
Real Numbers
Real Numbers

Vocabulary

irrational number

real number

Biologists classify animals based on shared characteristics. The gray lesser mouse lemur is

an animal, a mammal, a primate, and a lemur.

Animals Mammals Primates Lemurs
Animals
Mammals
Primates
Lemurs

You already know that some numbers can be classified as

whole numbers,integers, or

rational numbers. The number 2 is a whole number, an

integer, and a rational number. It is also a real number.

Recall that rational numbers can be written as fractions. Rational numbers can also be written as decimals that either terminate or repeat.

3

  • 4 5 = 3.8

  • 2 3 = 0.6

Recall that rational numbers can be written as fractions. Rational numbers can also be written as
Recall that rational numbers can be written as fractions. Rational numbers can also be written as

1.44 = 1.2

Irrational numbers can only be written as decimals that do not terminate or repeat. If a whole number is not a perfect square, then its square root is an irrational number.

Irrational numbers can only be written as decimals that do not terminate or repeat . If
Irrational numbers can only be written as decimals that do not terminate or repeat . If

2 ≈1.4142135623730950488016…

Helpful Hint

 

A repeating decimal may not appear to repeat on a calculator, because calculators show a

finite number of digits.

The set of real numbers consists of the set of rational numbers and the set of irrational numbers.

Real Numbers

Rational numbers

Irrational numbers

Integers Whole numbers
Integers
Whole
numbers

Additional Examples 1: Classifying Real Numbers

Write all names that apply to each number.

A.

5
5
  • 5 is a whole number that is not a perfect square.

irrational, real

B.

12.75

12.75 is a terminating decimal.

rational, real

C.

16
16

2

16
16

2

=

4

2

= 2

whole, integer, rational, real

Try This: Example 1

Write all names that apply to each number.

A. 9 9 = 3
A.
9
9
= 3

whole, integer, rational, real

B.

35.9

35.9 is a terminating decimal.

rational, real

C.

81 3
81
3
81 3
81
3

=

9

3

= 3

whole, integer, rational, real

Additional Examples 2: Determining the

Classification of All Numbers

State if the number is rational, irrational, or not a real number.

15
15
Additional Examples 2: Determining the Classification of All Numbers State if the number is rational, irrational,
  • A. 15 is a whole number that

is not a perfect square.

irrational

0 B. 3
0
B.
3

rational

0

3

= 0

Additional Examples 2: Determining the

Classification of All Numbers

State if the number is rational, irrational, or not a real number.

C.

–9
–9

not a real number

D.

4 9 rational
4
9
rational
2 3
2
3
2 4 = 3 9
2
4
=
3
9

Try This: Examples 2

State if the number is rational, irrational, or not a real number.

23
23
  • A. 23 is a whole number that is not a perfect square.

Try This: Examples 2 State if the number is rational, irrational, or not a real number.

irrational

9 B. 0
9
B.
0

not a number, so not a real number

Try This: Examples 2

State if the number is rational, irrational, or not a real number.

C. –7
C.
–7

not a real number

D.

64 81 rational
64
81
rational
8 9
8
9
8 64 = 9 81
8
64
=
9
81