An Overview of

Cloud Computing
Presented by:
Nicholas Kottyan
CEO, DataChambers, LLC
336-499-7220
1
ARMA Presentation
November 18, 2009
4qendo
W Cb[ecLlve
W PlsLory of Cloud CompuLlng
W ueflnlLlons
W Cloud CharacLerlsLlcsţ 1ypes and
ueploymenL Models
W lssues
W Clouds vsŦ 1radlLlonal
W 8ecap Ŵ Lconomlcs Ŵ nexL SLeps
W C Ǝ A
2

©ective
1o provlde a general overvlew of cloud
compuLlng lncludlngť
W Pow could affecL my fuLure buslness
W ls Lhe cloud for me and my buslness
W WhaL are some of Lhe lssues l should
conslder
W Why should Lhls be lmporLanL Lo me

iqin of the te¯ "c/oud co¯½utinq"
W #Comes from Lhe early days of Lhe lnLerneL
where we drew Lhe neLwork as a cloudŧ we
dldn'L care where Lhe messages wenLŧ Lhe cloud
hld lL from us" Ŷ kevln Marksţ Coogle
W llrsL cloud around neLworklng (1CÞ/lÞ
absLracLlon)
W Second cloud around documenLs (WWW daLa
absLracLlon)
W 1he emerglng cloud comblnes Lhe lnfrasLrucLure
complexlLles of serversţ appllcaLlonsţ daLaţ and
heLerogeneous plaLforms
u¯¯oited nisto
W Ŵ !ohn McCarLhy oplned LhaL ƍcompuLaLlon may someday be
organlzed as a publlc uLlllLyƍ
W Larly s Ŷ 1he Lerm #cloud" comes lnLo commerclal use referrlng
Lo large neLworks and Lhe advancemenL of Lhe lnLerneLŦ
W Ŷ SalesforceŦcom ls esLabllshedţ provldlng an #on demand"
SaaS (SofLware as a Servlce)Ŧ
W 2 Ŷ l8M deLalls Lhe SaaS concepL ln Lhelr #AuLonomlc CompuLlng
ManlfesLo"
W 2 Ŷ Amazon provldes access Lo Lhelr excess capaclLy on a uLlllLy
compuLlng and sLorage basls
W 2 Ŷ Coogleţ l8Mţ varlous unlverslLles embark on a large scale
cloud compuLlng research pro[ecL
W 2 Ŷ CarLner says cloud compuLlng wlll #shape Lhe relaLlonshlp
among consumers of l1 servlcesţ Lhose who use l1 servlces and
Lhose who sell Lhem"

efinition
W oLs of confuslon
W Several dlfferenL #loosely applled" deflnlLlons
W a sLyle of compuLlng ln whlch masslvely
scalable l1ŴrelaLed capablllLles are provlded
ƍas a servlceƍ uslng lnLerneL Lechnologles Lo
mulLlple exLernal cusLomers

efinition ConLlnued
W an lnLernal or exLernal #cloud enabled" servlce
offerlng
W Lhe provlslon of dynamlcally scalable and
ofLen vlrLuallzed resources as a servlce over
Lhe lnLerneLŦ
W a general Lerm for anyLhlng LhaL lnvolves
dellverlng hosLed servlces over Lhe lnLerneLŦ

W C|oud comput|ng |s a mode| for enab||ng conven|entţ
onŴdemand network access to a shared poo| of
conf|gurab|e comput|ng resources (eŦgŦţ networksţ
serversţ storageţ app||cat|onsţ and serv|ces) that can
be rap|d|y prov|s|oned and re|eased w|th m|n|ma|
management effort or serv|ce prov|der |nteract|onŦ
(nlS1 ueflnlLlonţ naLlonal lnsLlLuLe of SLandards and 1echnology)
W @h|s c|oud mode| promotes ava||ab|||ty and |s composed of
f|ve essent|a| character|st|csţ three serv|ce mode|sţ and four
dep|oyment mode|sŦ
efinition ConLlnued
8
£ssentio/ c/oud choocteistics
W CnŴdemand selfŴservlce
W 8road neLwork access (lnLerneL)
W 8esource poollng
ocaLlon lndependence
W 8apld elasLlclLy
W Measured servlce
9
W Cloud compuLlng ofLen leveragesť
Masslve and 8apld scalablllLy
PomogenelLy
vlrLuallzaLlon
8eslllenL compuLlng
ow cosL sofLware
Ceographlc dlsLrlbuLlonţ (many daLacenLers)
Servlce orlenLaLlon
Advanced securlLy Lechnologles
4dditiono/ c/oud choocteistics
10
W ÞrlvaLe Cloud (aŦkŦaŦ lnLernal Cloud)
enLerprlse owned or leased
W CommunlLy Cloud (aŦkŦaŦ LxLernal Cloud)
shared lnfrasLrucLure for speclflc communlLy
W Þubllc cloud (aŦkŦaŦ LxLernal Cloud)
Sold Lo Lhe publlcţ megaŴscale lnfrasLrucLure
W Pybrld cloud
composlLlon of Lwo or more clouds
c/oud e½/o¯ent Mode/s
11
W Cloud SofLware as a Servlce (SaaS)
use provlder's appllcaLlons over a neLwork
W Cloud ÞlaLform as a Servlce (ÞaaS)
ueploy cusLomerŴcreaLed appllcaLlons Lo a cloud
W Cloud lnfrasLrucLure as a Servlce (laaS)
8enL processlngţ sLorageţ neLwork capaclLyţ and oLher
fundamenLal compuLlng resources
1o be consldered #cloud" servlces are deployed
on Lop of cloud lnfrasLrucLure LhaL has Lhe key
characLerlsLlcs
c/oud evice Mode/s
12
ssues with the c/oud
W SecurlLy (number concern)
W Þerformance
W AvallablllLy
W ack of SLandards
W lnablllLy Lo CusLomlze
W Pard Lo lnLegraLe wlLh currenL lnŴhouse l1
W 8egulaLory requlremenLs
W noLe enough suppllers yeL
1
W Clouds are masslvely complex sysLems LhaL can be
reduced Lo slmple prlmlLlves LhaL are repllcaLed
Lhousands of Llmes
W 1hese complexlLles creaLe many lssues relaLed Lo
securlLy as well as all aspecLs of Cloud compuLlng
W Clouds Lyplcally have a slngle securlLy archlLecLure
buL have many cusLomers wlLh dlfferenL demands
W Cloud securlLy lssues may drlve and deflne how we
adopL and deploy cloud compuLlng soluLlons
W Plghly senslLlve daLa ls llkely Lo be on prlvaLe clouds
where organlzaLlons have compleLe conLrol over
Lhelr securlLy model
4no/tinq c/oud ecuit
1
Moe on ecuit
W 1rusLlng vendor's securlLy model
W Where ls Lhe daLa sLored and who ls securlng lL
W lnablllLy Lo respond Lo audlL requlremenLs
W lndlrecL admlnlsLraLor accounLablllLy
W oss of physlcal conLrol
W uaLa reLenLlon / backup sLandards
W 8edundancy / ulsasLer 8ecovery
W Pandllng Compllance
4 C8Aţ PlÞAAţ SCxţ ÞC?
4 SLaLe laws
4 lnLernaLlonal Ŷ Lu uaLa ÞroLecLlon ulrecLlve
4 l1C ScruLlny
4 SAS AudlLs
1
W Core ob[ecLlves and prlnclples LhaL cloud
compuLlng musL meeL Lo be successfulť
SecurlLy
ScalablllLy
AvallablllLy
Þerformance
CosLŴeffecLlve
Acqulre resources on demand
8elease resources when no longer needed
Þay for whaL you use
everage oLhers' core compeLencles
1urn flxed cosL lnLo varlable cosL
©ectives of c/oud co¯½utinq
1
c/oud 8osed evice exo¯½/es
W Þeer Lo Þeer
8ClnCţ Skype
W Web Apps
lacebookţ 1wlLLerţ ?ou1ube
W SecurlLy as a Servlce
Messageabsţ Þurewlreţ
ScanSafeţ Zscaler
W SofLware plus servlces
MlcrosofL Cnllne Servlces
W SofLware as a Servlce
CoogleAppsţ Salesforceţ
SprlngCM
W SLorage
ConLenL ulsLrlbuLlon
W 8lL1orreLţ Amazon
CloudlronL
SychronlsaLlon
W lveMesh
1
c/ouds vsŦ 1oditiono/ nostinq
W 1hree dlsLlncL characLerlsLlcs LhaL dlfferenLlaLe
clouds from LradlLlonal hosLlng
lL ls sold on demand
W 1yplcally by Lhe mlnuLe or Lhe hour
lL ls elasLlc
W A user can have as much or as llLLle of a servlce as Lhey
wanL aL any glven Llme
1he servlce ls fully managed by Lhe provlder
W 1he consumer needs noLhlng buL a personal compuLer
and lnLerneL access
18
c/oud £cono¯ics
19
W LsLlmaLes vary wldely on posslble cosL savlngs
4 #lf you move your daLa cenLer Lo a cloud provlderţ lL
wlll cosL a LenLh of Lhe cosLŦ" Ŷ 8rlan Cammageţ CarLner lellow
W use of cloud appllcaLlons can reduce cosLs from Ʒ
Lo Ʒ Ŵ C1C of WashlngLon uŦCŦ
W l1 resource subscrlpLlon plloL demonsLraLed a 2Ʒ cosL
savlngs Ŵ Alchemy Þlus cloud (backlng from MlcrosofL)
W #uslng Cloud lnfrasLrucLure saves Ʒ Lo 2Ʒ before
conslderlng LhaL you no longer need Lo buy peak
capaclLy" Ŷ Ceorge 8eeseţ founder valLlra and enSLraLus
W When lmplemenLlng Cloud you musL conslder oLher
cosLs whlch may noL be apparenL LodayŦ
eco½
W Clouds
Þrovlde lnLerneL based servlces
Avallable on demand
And fully managed by Lhe provlder
1here ls no one #Cloud"Ŧ 1here are many models and
archlLecLures
W Clouds leL you
Avold CapLx on hardwareţ sofLwareţ and servlce
Share lnfrasLrucLure and cosL
ower managemenL overhead
Access a large range of apps
W Many quesLlons sLlll remaln!!!
20
;uestions?
21
Thanks for the opportunity present this subject!!
NichoIas L. Kottyan
nkottyan@datachambers.com

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