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It basically changes the voltage level from one value to another.

Winding and terminal faults Core faults Abnormal operating condition such as overvoltage, overfluxing, and overload Sustained or uncleared faults

Detect and isolate fault Maintain system stability To limit the damage in adjacent equipment Minimize fire risk Minimize risk to personnel

Differential Protection (87SUT) 230kV Feeder OC (51FDR) 230kV CB Flashover Protection (47SUT) Neutral OC (51N)

Buchholz Protection Pressure Relief Protection Sudden Pressure Protection Winding Temperature Protection Oil Temperature Protection Oil Level Abnormal Protection

The function of the relay is to detect an abnormal condition within the tank and send an alarm or trip signal.

Gas produced from the transformer due to fault An oil surge from the tank to the conservator A complete loss of oil from the conservator (very low oil level)

Transformers last line of defense against internal pressure

Used to detect sudden increase in gas pressure caused by internal arcing Set to operate before pressure relief device

Typically sealed spiral-bourdon-tube dial indicators with liquid-filled bulb sensor

They are only winding hottest-spot simulator Works with same principle of oil temperature indicator

These are float operated, with the float mechanism coupled through the tank wall to the dial indicator.

The relay operates on the basic that HV and LV CT secondary currents entering and leaving the zone of protection can be balanced under load and through fault conditions

Operates when there is excessive magnitude of current flowing to the protective equipment under a predetermined value.